Articles Used to Write this Blog

[Article in Chinese] [Studies on antiplatelet aggregation and anticoagulant action of Curcuma phaeocaulis]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2000 Apr;23(4):212-3.

[Article in Chinese] [Allergic airway response associated with the intestinal microflora disruption induced by antibiotic therapy]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Jun;45(6):450-4.

[Article in Chinese] [Effect of lixu jieyu recipe in treating 75 patients with chronic fatigue syndrome]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2009 Jun;29(6):501-5.

[Article in Chinese] [Effects of Ginkgo biloba extract 50 preconditioning on contents of inflammation-related cytokines in myocardium of rats with ischemia-reperfusion injury]. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao. 2010 Apr;8(4):373-8.

[Article in Chinese] [Experimental study of 472 herbs with antiviral action against the herpes simplex virus]. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 1990 Jan;10(1):39-41, 6.

[Article in Chinese] [Detection and the antibiotic susceptibility analysis of mycoplasma and chlamydia in urogenital tract infections of 327 cases patients with tubal infertility]. Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi. 2011 Jun;25(3):201-4.

[Article in Chinese] [Levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2011 Oct;13(10):808-10.

[Article in Chinese] [Influence of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on inflammation-related parameters in lung tissue of rats with severe scald]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2011 Oct;27(5):358-62.

[Article in Czech] [Chlamydia pneumoniae–the etiologic agent of follicular conjunctivitis followed by keratoconjunctivitis sicca in adult patients]. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 2003 Sep;59(5):325-33.

[Article in Czech] [Chlamydia pneumoniae in the etiology of the keratoconjunctivitis sicca in adult patients (a pilot study)]. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 2009 May;65(3):102-6.

[Article in Czech] [Penetration of ceftriaxone into the cerebrospinal fluid and its relationship to inflammatory markers during bacterial meningitis]. Klin Mikrobiol Infekc Lek. 2010 Apr;16(2):64-72.

[Article in Czech] [Keratoconjunctivitis sicca during folicular conjunctivitis in adult patients with Chlamydia pneumoniae etiology (summarizing twelve years study)]. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 2011 Apr;67(2):42, 44-8, 50.

[Article in Czech] [Serological findings of Chlamydial pneumoniae in the Czech Republic–control group of patients examined in the study: Chlamydia pneumoniae in the aetiology of keratoconjunctivitis sicca]. Cas Lek Cesk. 2011;150(12):656-9.

[Article in English, Portuguese] Serotonin receptor (5-HT 2A) and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene polymorphisms: triggers of fibromyalgia? Rev Bras Reumatol. 2010 Mar-Apr;50(2):141-9.

[Article in French] [Whipple disease associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction after antibiotic therapy]. Presse Med. 2001 Oct 27;30(31 Pt 1):1549-51.

[Article in French] [Lessons from macrophagic myofasciitis: towards definition of a vaccine adjuvant-related syndrome]. Rev Neurol (Paris). 2003 Feb;159(2):162-4.

[Article in French] [Efficacy and safety of pristinamycin vs amoxicillin in community acquired pneumonia in adults]. Pathol Biol (Paris). 2005 Oct-Nov;53(8-9):503-10. Epub 2005 Sep 21.

[Article in French] [Antibiotherapy for early localized Lyme disease]. Med Mal Infect. 2007 Jul-Aug;37(7-8):463-72. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

[Article in French] [Etology and treatment of community acquired pneumonia in children]. J Pharm Belg. 2007;62(1):21-4.

[Article in French] [Surviving sleep: when the heart and brain are damaged by apnea]. Bull Acad Natl Med. 2011 Oct;195(7):1611-28; discussion 1628-34.

[Article in French] [Clinical manifestations of Chlamydia pneumoniae infections]. Rev Med Interne. 1996;17(12):987-91.

[Article in German] [Short-term therapeutic fasting in the treatment of chronic pain and fatigue syndromes–well-being and side effects with and without mineral supplements]. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 2002 Aug;9(4):221-7.

[Article in German] [Diet therapy in chronic inflammatory bowel disease: results from meta-analysis and randomized controlled trials]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2002 Nov 20;91(47):2041-9.

[Article in German] [Clinical courses of acute and chronic neuroborreliosis following treatment with ceftriaxone]. Nervenarzt. 2004 Jun;75(6):553-7.

[Article in German] [Probiotics as therapeutic agents in irritable bowel syndrome]. Z Gastroenterol. 2005 May;43(5):467-71.

[Article in German] [What is new in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia?]. Med Klin (Munich). 2006 Apr 15;101(4):313-20.

[Article in German] [Stress and rheumatoid arthritis]. Z Rheumatol. 2010 Aug;69(6):539-43.

[Article in German] [Sjögren syndrome]. Internist (Berl). 2010 Oct;51(10):1267-79; quiz 1280.

[Article in German] [Selection of physiologic bacterial flora by chemotherapeutic agents]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1989 Mar 31;101(7):233-6.

[Article in German] [Absorption of tetracycline in presence of bromelain after oral administration]. Arzneimittelforschung. 1972 Feb;22(2):410-2.

[Article in German] [Sodium chloride tolerance in strains of Aspergillus and Dermatophytes of the human microflora (author’s transl)]. Mykosen. 1981 Dec;24(12):752-60.

[Article in German] [Chronic fatigue syndrome: immune dysfunction, role of pathogens and toxic agents and neurological and cardial changes]. Wien Med Wochenschr. 1994;144(16):399-406.

[Article in German] [Sodium chloride tolerance yeast strains of human microflora]. Dermatol Monatsschr. 1976 Jul;162(7):564-70.

[Article in Hebrew] [The safety of herbal medicines in the psychiatric practice]. Harefuah. 2001 Aug;140(8):780-3, 805.

[Article in Hungarian] [Pathomechanism of diabetic neuropathy: background of the pathogenesis-oriented therapy]. Orv Hetil. 2010 Jun 13;151(24):971-81.

[Article in Italian] [Changes in intracellular calcium and magnesium ions in the physiopathology of the fybromyalgia syndrome]. Minerva Med. 2000 Jul-Aug;91(7-8):137-40.

[Article in Italian] [Clinical study of the efficacy of and tolerance to seaprose S in inflammatory venous disease. Controlled study versus serratio-peptidase]. Minerva Cardioangiol. 1996 Oct;44(10):515-24.

[Article in Japanese] [A case of chronic fatigue syndrome who showed a beneficial effect by intravenous administration of magnesium sulphate]. Arerugi. 1992 Nov;41(11):1605-10.

[Article in Japanese] [Effect of sparfloxacin on fecal microflora and its fecal concentration in patients with bacillary dysentery]. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. 1991 Sep;65(9):1136-43.

[Article in Japanese] [Viral infections in chronic fatigue syndrome]. Nihon Rinsho. 2007 Jun;65(6):991-6.

[Article in Japanese] [Genetic background of chronic fatigue syndrome]. Nihon Rinsho. 2007 Jun;65(6):997-1002.

[Article in Japanese] [Chronic fatigue syndrome and neurotransmitters]. Nihon Rinsho. 2007 Jun;65(6):1005-10.

[Article in Japanese] [A new treatment: thermal therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome]. Nihon Rinsho. 2007 Jun;65(6):1093-8.

[Article in Japanese] [Successful treatment with rituximab in a patient with primary thymic MALT lymphoma complicated with acquired von Willebrand syndrome and Sjögren syndrome]. Rinsho Ketsueki. 2011 Apr;52(4):210-5.

[Article in Japanese] [The inhibitory effects of glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic acid on the metabolism of cortisol and prednisolone–in vivo and in vitro studies]. Nihon Naibunpi Gakkai Zasshi. 1990 May 20;66(5):584-96.

[Article in Japanese] [Pharmacokinetic analyses of the absorption of ampicillin and amoxicillin into the blood and experimentally infected skin after simultaneous administration of an antibiotic with bromelain and lysozyme]. Nichidai Koko Kagaku. 1986 Sep;12(3):246-60.

[Article in Japanese] [Experimental study on the combined therapy of antibiotics and bromelain (author’s transl)]. Shigaku. 1978 Feb;65(5):874-904.

[Article in Japanese] [Effect of bromelain in increasing blood levels of antibiotics given intraduodenally]. Jpn J Antibiot. 1973 Apr;26(2):154-6.

[Article in Japanese] [Studies on the distributions of antibiotics in the oral tissues: Experimental staphylococcal infection in rats, and effect of serratiopeptidase on the distributions of antibiotics (author’s transl)]. Jpn J Antibiot. 1980 May;33(5):623-35.

[Article in Japanese] [Effects of azithromycin on fecal flora of healthy adult volunteers]. Jpn J Antibiot. 1995 Sep;48(9):1119-30.

[Article in Japanese] [Development of antiviral therapeutic agents from traditional medicines]. Yakugaku Zasshi. 1998 Sep;118(9):383-400.

[Article in Korean] [The pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome: inflammation and motor disorder]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2006 Feb;47(2):101-10.

[Article in Korean] [The effects of probiotics on symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jun;47(6):413-9.

[Article in Korean] [Anti-inflammatory mechanism of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in lipopolysaccharide- stimulated HT-29 cell]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2012 Aug;60(2):86-93.

[Article in Korean] [Effect of a probiotic preparation (VSL#3) in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis]. Korean J Gastroenterol. 2012 Aug;60(2):94-101.

[Article in Norwegian] [Systemic Mycoplasma blood infection in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2004 Jan 22;124(2):203-5.

[Article in Polish] [Infection as a likely risk factor for ischemic stroke]. Postepy Hig Med Dosw. 1999;53(6):797-805.

[Article in Polish] [Antibiotic susceptibility analysis of Enterococcus spp. isolated from urine]. Przegl Lek. 2004;61(5):473-6.

[Article in Polish] [Vitamin A, E and C serum concentration in patients with Borrelia burgdorferi antibodies–non-symptomatic carriers]. Przegl Epidemiol. 2005;59(1):35-41.

[Article in Polish] [Concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-gamma, IL-6, IL-12 and IL-15 in serum and cerebrospinal fluid in patients with neuroborreliosis undergoing antibiotic treatment]. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2007 Apr;22(130):275-9.

[Article in Polish] [A case of infectious mononucleosis syndrome caused by cytomegalovirus]. Przegl Epidemiol. 1993;47(3):313-6.

[Article in Portuguese] [Clinical experimentation with an enzymatic-antibiotic compound: bromelins-chloramphenicol-tetracycline]. Rev Bras Med. 1967 Aug;24(8):669-80.

[Article in Russian] [Piracetam in combined pathogenetic therapy of recurrent duodenal ulcer]. Klin Med (Mosk). 2002;80(1):48-53.

[Article in Russian] [The mechanisms of the action of fluorine on periodontal tissues]. Fiziol Zh. 1992 Mar-Apr;38(2):85-90.

[Article in Russian] [Multiple antibiotic resistance of associative microflora during urogenital pathology]. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2008 Nov-Dec;(6):85-7.

[Article in Russian] [Anticoagulant activity of extracts from cedar bark, anthocyanidins of spruce and birch bark, and cellulose of aspen, fir, and wheat straw]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2010 Jun;73(6):14-8.

[Article in Russian] [Effects of flaxseed extract on rheological properties of blood in experimental ovariectomy]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2011;74(7):19-21.

[Article in Russian] [Colonic microbial biocenosis in rheumatoid arthritis]. Klin Med (Mosk). 2011;89(4):45-8.

[Article in Russian] [Differential aspects of multiple sclerosis and chronic borrelial encephalomyelitis]. Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2011;111(7):8-12.

[Article in Russian] [Microbial “friend-foe” identification in human intestine microsymbiocenosis]. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 2011 Nov-Dec;(6):46-51.

[Article in Russian] [Isolation of antibodies to Chlamydia and Mycoplasma pneumoniae during the immunosuppressive therapy of patients with inflammatory bowel disease]. Eksp Klin Gastroenterol. 2012;(3):40-6.

[Article in Russian] [Morphological changes of the intestine in experimental acute intestinal infection in the treatment of colloidal silver]. Georgian Med News. 2012 Jun;(207):63-7.

[Article in Russian] [Antibacterial protection and the microbiological status of the oral cavity in Sjögren’s disease]. Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol. 1988 Jun;(6):11-5.

[Article in Russian] [Microfloral changes in the small and large intestines of chronic enteritis patients on diet therapy including sour milk products]. Vopr Pitan. 1986 Jul-Aug;(4):14-7.

[Article in Russian] [Blood coagulation and fibrinolysis during exposure to fluorides]. Vrach Delo. 1979 Aug;(8):106-7.

[Article in Russian] [Heparin-piracetam complex and its effect on blood and blood circulation]. Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol. 1998 Nov-Dec;(6):758-61.

[Article in Serbian] [Disorder of adrenal gland function in chronic fatigue syndrome]. Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2003 Sep-Oct;131(9-10):370-4.

[Article in Serbian] [Inulin–potential prebiotic]. Med Pregl. 2009 Mar-Apr;62(3-4):153-6.

[Article in Serbian] [Antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial infections of the central nervous system]. Med Pregl. 2010;63 Suppl 1:22-6.

[Article in Spanish] [Importance of Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae in children with community-acquired pneumonia]. Rev Med Panama. 1998 Sep;23(2):27-33.

[Article in Spanish] [Dietary intake of a group of patients with irritable bowel syndrome; relation between dietary fiber and symptoms]. An Med Interna. 2004 Dec;21(12):577-80.

[Article in Spanish] [Antiphospholipid antibodies induced by Chlamydia pneumoniae infections]. Med Clin (Barc). 2005 Apr 9;124(13):519.

[Article in Spanish] [Treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in adults]. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2005;22 Suppl 1:s52-66. Epub 2005 Sep 13.

[Article in Spanish] [Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome]. Rev Clin Esp. 2010 Jun;210(6):284-8. Epub 2010 May 5.

[Article in Spanish] [Remission of vitiligo during treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin: report of one case]. Rev Med Chil. 2011 Apr;139(4):484-8. Epub 2011 Aug 25.

[No authors listed] Vitamin B12, cognitive impairment, survival and HHV-6A. Posit Health News. 1998 Spring;(No 16):12-3.

[No authors listed] Quant. PCR and bDNA – the search for the truth continues as high viral load are linked to high beta 2 microglobulin levels. Posit Health News. 1998 Spring;(No 16):21-3.

[No authors listed] Swedish Study Group. A randomized multicenter trial to compare the influence of cefaclor and amoxycillin on the colonization resistance of the digestive tract in patients with lower respiratory tract infection. Infection. 1991 Jul-Aug;19(4):208-15.

Aalto A, Sjöwall J, Davidsson L, Forsberg P, Smedby O. Brain magnetic resonance imaging does not contribute to the diagnosis of chronic neuroborreliosis. Acta Radiol. 2007 Sep;48(7):755-62.

Aaron LA, Burke MM, Buchwald D. Overlapping conditions among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and temporomandibular disorder. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 24;160(2):221-7.

Abbi B, Natelson BH. Is chronic fatigue syndrome the same illness as fibromyalgia: evaluating the ‘single syndrome’ hypothesis. QJM. 2012 Aug 26. [Epub ahead of print]

Abendroth A, Michalsen A, Lüdtke R, Rüffer A, Musial F, Dobos GJ, Langhorst J. Changes of Intestinal Microflora in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis during Fasting or a Mediterranean Diet. Forsch Komplementmed. 2010;17(6):307-13. Epub 2010 Dec 7.

Abokrysha NT. Vitamin D deficiency in women with fibromyalgia in Saudi Arabia. Pain Med. 2012 Mar;13(3):452-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2011.01304.x. Epub 2012 Jan 5.

Abou-Donia MB, El-Masry EM, Abdel-Rahman AA, McLendon RE, Schiffman SS. Splenda alters gut microflora and increases intestinal p-glycoprotein and cytochrome p-450 in male rats. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2008;71(21):1415-29.

Abril-Gil M, Massot-Cladera M, Pérez-Cano FJ, Castellote C, Franch A, Castell M. A diet enriched with cocoa prevents IgE synthesis in a rat allergy model. Pharmacol Res. 2012 Jun;65(6):603-8. Epub 2012 Feb 10.

Adam E, Delbrassine L, Bouillot C, Reynders V, Mailleux AC, Muraille E, Jacquet A. Probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 activates DC and prevents house dust mite allergy through a TLR4-dependent pathway. Eur J Immunol. 2010 Jul;40(7):1995-2005.

Afari N, Buchwald D. Chronic fatigue syndrome: a review. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Feb;160(2):221-36.

Agliari E, Barra A, Vidal KG, Guerra F. Can persistent Epstein-Barr virus infection induce chronic fatigue syndrome as a Pavlov reflex of the immune response? J Biol Dyn. 2012;6(2):740-62.

Agostini A, Benuzzi F, Filippini N, Bertani A, Scarcelli A, Farinelli V, Marchetta C, Calabrese C, Rizzello F, Gionchetti P, Ercolani M, Campieri M, Nichelli P. New insights into the brain involvement in patients with Crohn’s disease: a voxel-based morphometry study. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Sep 23. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12017. [Epub ahead of print]

Agrawal A, Houghton LA, Morris J, Reilly B, Guyonnet D, Goupil Feuillerat N, Schlumberger A, Jakob S, Whorwell PJ. Clinical trial: the effects of a fermented milk product containing Bifidobacterium lactis DN-173 010 on abdominal distension and gastrointestinal transit in irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Jan;29(1):104-14. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2008.03853.x. Epub 2008 Sep 17.

Agren K, Lundberg C, Nord CE. Effect of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid on the aerobic and anaerobic tonsillar microflora in the treatment of recurrent tonsillitis. Scand J Infect Dis. 1990;22(6):691-7.

Ahboucha S, Pomier-Layrargues G, Vincent C, Hassoun Z, Tamaz R, Baker G, Butterworth RF. Reduced plasma dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels are significantly correlated with fatigue severity in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Neurochem Int. 2008 Mar-Apr;52(4-5):569-74. Epub 2007 Jun 19.

Ahmed M, Prasad J, Gill H, Stevenson L, Gopal P. Impact of consumption of different levels of Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 on the intestinal microflora of elderly human subjects. J Nutr Health Aging. 2007 Jan-Feb;11(1):26-31.

Ahmed W, Khan N, Glueck CJ, Pandey S, Wang P, Goldenberg N, Uppal M, Khanal S. Low serum 25 (OH) vitamin D levels (<32 ng/mL) are associated with reversible myositis-myalgia in statin-treated patients. Transl Res. 2009 Jan;153(1):11-6. Epub 2008 Dec 6.

Ai-Ashmawy MA. Prevalence and public health significance of aluminum residues in milk and some dairy products. J Food Sci. 2011 Apr;76(3):T73-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2011.02064.x. Epub 2011 Mar 16.

Akama F, Nishino R, Makino S, Kobayashi K, Kamikaseda K, Nagano J, Koga Y. The effect of probiotics on gastric mucosal permeability in humans administered with aspirin. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul;46(7-8):831-6. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Akihisa T, Tabata K, Banno N, Tokuda H, Nishimura R, Nakamura Y, Kimura Y, Yasukawa K, Suzuki T. Cancer chemopreventive effects and cytotoxic activities of the triterpene acids from the resin of Boswellia carteri. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006 Sep;29(9):1976-9.

Akkuş S, Naziroğlu M, Eriş S, Yalman K, Yilmaz N, Yener M. Levels of lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide, and antioxidant vitamins in plasma of patients with fibromyalgia. Cell Biochem Funct. 2009 Jun;27(4):181-5.

Ako H, Cheung AH, Matsuura PK. Isolation of a fibrinolysis enzyme activator from commercial bromelain. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 1981 Nov;254(1):157-67.

Alagozlu H, Cindoruk M, Unal S. Severe INR elevation in a patient with choledocholithiasis receiving cefoperazone. Clin Drug Investig. 2006;26(8):481-4.

Alasaari JS, Lagus M, Ollila HM, Toivola A, Kivimäki M, Vahtera J, Kronholm E, Härmä M, Puttonen S, Paunio T. Environmental stress affects DNA methylation of a CpG rich promoter region of serotonin transporter gene in a nurse cohort. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e45813. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045813. Epub 2012 Sep 28. [Full Text]

Al-Awadi FM, Gumaa KA. Studies on the activity of individual plants of an antidiabetic plant mixture. Acta Diabetol Lat. 1987 Jan-Mar;24(1):37-41.

Al-Bahrani A, Taha S, Shaath H, Bakhiet M. TNF-alpha and IL-8 in acute stroke and the modulation of these cytokines by antiplatelet agents. Curr Neurovasc Res. 2007 Feb;4(1):31-7.

Albright F, Light K, Light A, Bateman L, Cannon-Albright LA. Evidence for a heritable predisposition to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. BMC Neurol. 2011 May 27;11:62. [Full Text]

Alkatib AA, Cosma M, Elamin MB, Erickson D, Swiglo BA, Erwin PJ, Montori VM. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials of DHEA treatment effects on quality of life in women with adrenal insufficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Oct;94(10):3676-81. Epub 2009 Sep 22.

Allen-Hall L, Arnason JT, Cano P, Lafrenie RM. Uncaria tomentosa acts as a potent TNF-alpha inhibitor through NF-kappaB. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010 Feb 17;127(3):685-93. Epub 2009 Dec 6.

Allen-Hall L, Cano P, Arnason JT, Rojas R, Lock O, Lafrenie RM. Treatment of THP-1 cells with Uncaria tomentosa extracts differentially regulates the expression if IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007 Jan 19;109(2):312-7. Epub 2006 Aug 3.

AlmståhI A, Wikström M, Stenberg I, Jakobsson A, Fagerberg-Mohlin B. Oral microbiota associated with hyposalivation of different origins. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2003 Feb;18(1):1-8.

Almståhl A, Wikström M, Kroneld U. Microflora in oral ecosystems in primary Sjögren’s syndrome. J Rheumatol. 2001 May;28(5):1007-13.

Aloizos S, Gourgiotis S, Oikonomou K, Stakia P. Recurrent Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction in a patient with Q fever pneumonia: a case report. Cases J. 2008 Nov 29;1(1):360. doi: 10.1186/1757-1626-1-360. [Full Text]

Alraek T, Lee MS, Choi TY, Cao H, Liu J. Complementary and alternative medicine for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a systematic review. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011 Oct 7;11:87. [Full Text]

Al-Saidi S, Rameshkumar KB, Hisham A, Sivakumar N, Al-Kindy S. Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils of four commercial grades of Omani luban, the oleo-gum resin of Boswellia sacra FLUECK. Chem Biodivers. 2012 Mar;9(3):615-24. doi: 10.1002/cbdv.201100189.

Amit-Romach E, Uni Z, Cheled S, Berkovich Z, Reifen R. Bacterial population and innate immunity-related genes in rat gastrointestinal tract are altered by vitamin A-deficient diet. J Nutr Biochem. 2009 Jan;20(1):70-7. Epub 2008 May 20.

Ammon HP. Modulation of the immune system by Boswellia serrata extracts and boswellic acids. Phytomedicine. 2010 Sep;17(11):862-7. Epub 2010 Aug 8.

Anderson G, Maes M, Berk M. Biological underpinnings of the commonalities in depression, somatization, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Med Hypotheses. 2012 Jun;78(6):752-6. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

Anderson JL, Edney RJ, Whelan K. Systematic review: faecal microbiota transplantation in the management of inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Sep;36(6):503-16. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05220.x. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Andiné P, Rönnbäck L, Järvholm B. Successful use of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor in a patient with multiple chemical sensitivities. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1997 Jul;96(1):82-3.

Angel TE, Luft BJ, Yang X, Nicora CD, Camp DG 2nd, Jacobs JM, Smith RD. Proteome analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi response to environmental change. PLoS One. 2010 Nov 2;5(11):e13800. [Full Text]

Antiel RM, Caudill JS, Burkhardt BE, Brands CK, Fischer PR. Iron insufficiency and hypovitaminosis D in adolescents with chronic fatigue and orthostatic intolerance. South Med J. 2011 Aug;104(8):609-11.

Anty R, Marjoux S, Bekri S, DeGalleani L, Dainese R, Gelsi E, Cherikh F, Tran A, Piche T. Plasma carnitine is associated with fatigue in chronic hepatitis C but not in the irritable bowel syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Apr;33(8):961-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2011.04608.x. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Arakawa T, Watanabe T, Tanigawa T, Tominaga K, Otani K, Nadatani Y, Fujiwara Y. Small intestinal injury caused by NSAIDs/aspirin: finding new from old. Curr Med Chem. 2012;19(1):77-81.

Arashima Y, Kato K, Komiya T, Kumasaka K, Matsukawa Y, Murakami M, Takahashi K, Ikeda T, Arakawa Y. Improvement of chronic nonspecific symptoms by long-term minocycline treatment in Japanese patients with Coxiella burnetii infection considered to have post-Q fever fatigue syndrome. Intern Med. 2004 Jan;43(1):49-54.

Ariga T. The antioxidative function, preventive action on disease and utilization of proanthocyanidins. Biofactors. 2004;21(1-4):197-201.

Armstrong CW, McGregor NR, Sheedy JR, Buttfield I, Butt HL, Gooley PR. NMR metabolic profiling of serum identifies amino acid disturbances in chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Chim Acta. 2012 Oct 9;413(19-20):1525-31. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Armstrong DJ, Meenagh GK, Bickle I, Lee AS, Curran ES, Finch MB. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with anxiety and depression in fibromyalgia. Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Apr;26(4):551-4. Epub 2006 Jul 19.

Arnold MC, Papanicolaou DA, O’Grady JA, Lotsikas A, Dale JK, Straus SE, Grafman J. Using an interleukin-6 challenge to evaluate neuropsychological performance in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychol Med. 2002 Aug;32(6):1075-89.

Arpino C, Carrieri MP, Valesini G, Pizzigallo E, Rovere P, Tirelli U, Conti F, Dialmi P, Barberio A, Rusconi N, Bosco O, Lazzarin A, Saracco A, Moro ML, Vlahov D. Idiopathic chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: a comparison of two case-definitions. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 1999;35(3):435-41.

Artini M, Scoarughi GL, Papa R, Cellini A, Carpentieri A, Pucci P, Amoresano A, Gazzola S, Cocconcelli PS, Selan L. A new anti-infective strategy to reduce adhesion-mediated virulence in Staphylococcus aureus affecting surface proteins. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2011 Jul-Sep;24(3):661-72.

Aruji Y, Tamura K, Sugita S, Adachi Y. Intestinal microflora in 45 crows in Ueno Zoo and the in vitro susceptibilities of 29 Escherichia coli isolates to 14 antimicrobial agents. J Vet Med Sci. 2004 Oct;66(10):1283-6.

Ashinsky D. Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome linked to tryptophan. Postgrad Med. 1990 Nov 1;88(6):193-4, 196.

Aslam S, Darouiche RO. Role of antibiofilm-antimicrobial agents in controlling device-related infections. Int J Artif Organs. 2011 Sep;34(9):752-8. doi: 10.5301/ijao.5000024. [Full Text]

Ates L, Hanssen-Hübner C, Norris DE, Richter D, Kraiczy P, Hunfeld KP. 3 log(10) unit reduction of the initial inoculum, whereas for ceftriaxone a concentration of 2 mg/L was needed.Copyright © 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.” target=”_blank”>Comparison of in vitro activities of tigecycline, doxycycline, and tetracycline against the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2010 Mar;1(1):30-4. Epub 2010 Jan 7.

Ates MA, Algul A, Gecici O, Semiz UB, Yilmaz O, Gulsun M. Olanzapine treatment in Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction due to neurosyphilis with dementia: a case report. J Psychopharmacol. 2009 Nov;23(8):999-1000. Epub 2008 Jul 17.

Austin FE. Maintenance of infective Borrelia burgdorferi Sh-2-82 in 4% oxygen – 5% carbon dioxide in vitro. Can J Microbiol. 1993 Dec;39(12):1103-10.

Autieri SM, Lins JJ, Leatham MP, Laux DC, Conway T, Cohen PS. L-fucose stimulates utilization of D-ribose by Escherichia coli MG1655 DeltafucAO and E. coli Nissle 1917 DeltafucAO mutants in the mouse intestine and in M9 minimal medium. Infect Immun. 2007 Nov;75(11):5465-75. Epub 2007 Aug 20. [Full Text]

Avonts L, De Vuyst L. Antimicrobial potential of probiotic lactic acid bacteria. Meded Rijksuniv Gent Fak Landbouwkd Toegep Biol Wet. 2001;66(3b):543-50.

Badawy AA, Morgan CJ, Llewelyn MB, Albuquerque SR, Farmer A. Heterogeneity of serum tryptophan concentration and availability to the brain in patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychopharmacol. 2005 Jul;19(4):385-91.

Baker IA, Pickering J, Elwood PC, Bayer A, Ebrahim S. Fibrinogen, viscosity and white blood cell count predict myocardial, but not cerebral infarction: evidence from the Caerphilly and Speedwell cohort. Thromb Haemost. 2002 Mar;87(3):421-5.

Bakheit AM, Behan PO, Watson WS, Morton JJ. Abnormal arginine-vasopressin secretion and water metabolism in patients with postviral fatigue syndrome. Acta Neurol Scand. 1993 Mar;87(3):234-8.

Bamonti F, Fulgenzi A, Novembrino C, Ferrero ME. Metal chelation therapy in rheumathoid arthritis: a case report. Successful management of rheumathoid arthritis by metal chelation therapy. Biometals. 2011 Dec;24(6):1093-8. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Banwo K, Sanni A, Tan H. Technological properties and probiotic potential of Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from cow milk. J Appl Microbiol. 2012 Oct 5. doi: 10.1111/jam.12031. [Epub ahead of print]

Bao J, Zhang DW, Zhang JZ, Huang PL, Huang PL, Lee-Huang S. Computational study of bindings of olive leaf extract (OLE) to HIV-1 fusion protein gp41. FEBS Lett. 2007 Jun 12;581(14):2737-42. Epub 2007 May 21.

Baradaran-Dilmaghani R, Stanek G. In vitro susceptibility of thirty Borrelia strains from various sources against eight antimicrobial chemotherapeutics. Infection. 1996 Jan-Feb;24(1):60-3.

Barak V, Birkenfeld S, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of herbal remedies on the production of human inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Isr Med Assoc J. 2002 Nov;4(11 Suppl):919-22.

Barak V, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. Eur Cytokine Netw. 2001 Apr-Jun;12(2):290-6.

Baraniuk JN, Zheng Y. Relationships among rhinitis, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2010 May-Jun;31(3):169-78.

Baraniuk JN. Xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus in chronic fatigue syndrome and prostate cancer. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2010 May;10(3):210-4. [Full Text]

Barbara G, Stanghellini V, Cremon C, De Giorgio R, Gargano L, Cogliandro R, Pallotti F, Corinaldesi R. Probiotics and irritable bowel syndrome: rationale and clinical evidence for their use. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008 Sep;42 Suppl 3 Pt 2:S214-7.

Barnden LR, Crouch B, Kwiatek R, Burnet R, Mernone A, Chryssidis S, Scroop G, Del Fante P. A brain MRI study of chronic fatigue syndrome: evidence of brainstem dysfunction and altered homeostasis. NMR Biomed. 2011 Dec;24(10):1302-12. doi: 10.1002/nbm.1692. Epub 2011 May 11.

Barreto F, Sousa E, Campos A, Costa J, Rodrigues F. Antibacterial Activity of Lantana camara Linn and Lantana montevidensis Brig Extracts from Cariri-Ceará, Brazil. J Young Pharm. 2010 Jan;2(1):42-4. [Full Text]

Barsic B, Maretic T, Majerus L, Strugar J. Comparison of azithromycin and doxycycline in the treatment of erythema migrans. Infection. 2000 May-Jun;28(3):153-6.

Barthold SW, Hodzic E, Imai DM, Feng S, Yang X, Luft BJ. Ineffectiveness of tigecycline against persistent Borrelia burgdorferi. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Feb;54(2):643-51. Epub 2009 Dec 7. [Full Text]

Bartosch S, Fite A, Macfarlane GT, McMurdo ME. Characterization of bacterial communities in feces from healthy elderly volunteers and hospitalized elderly patients by using real-time PCR and effects of antibiotic treatment on the fecal microbiota. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Jun;70(6):3575-81. [Full Text]

Baschetti R. Liquorice and chronic fatigue syndrome. N Z Med J. 1995 Jun 28;108(1002):259.

Bassaganya-Riera J, Viladomiu M, Pedragosa M, De Simone C, Hontecillas R. Immunoregulatory mechanisms underlying prevention of colitis-associated colorectal cancer by probiotic bacteria. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e34676. Epub 2012 Apr 12. [Full Text]

Bastos LF, de Oliveira AC, Watkins LR, Moraes MF, Coelho MM. Tetracyclines and pain. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2012 Mar;385(3):225-41. Epub 2012 Jan 27.

Bastos LF, Merlo LA, Rocha LT, Coelho MM. Characterization of the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of doxycycline and minocycline in different experimental models. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Dec 8;576(1-3):171-9. Epub 2007 Jul 31.

Bazzichi L, Rossi A, Massimetti G, Giannaccini G, Giuliano T, De Feo F, Ciapparelli A, Dell’Osso L, Bombardieri S. Cytokine patterns in fibromyalgia and their correlation with clinical manifestations. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2007 Mar-Apr;25(2):225-30.

Beagley KW, Huston WM, Hansbro PM, Timms P. Chlamydial infection of immune cells: altered function and implications for disease. Crit Rev Immunol. 2009;29(4):275-305.

Beattie EC, Stellwagen D, Morishita W, Bresnahan JC, Ha BK, Von Zastrow M, Beattie MS, Malenka RC. Control of synaptic strength by glial TNFalpha. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2282-5.

Beckey NP, Korman LB, Parra D. Effect of the moderate consumption of olestra in patients receiving long-term warfarin therapy. Pharmacotherapy. 1999 Sep;19(9):1075-9.

Belay T, Aviles H, Vance M, Fountain K, Sonnenfeld G. Catecholamines and in vitro growth of pathogenic bacteria: enhancement of growth varies greatly among bacterial species. Life Sci. 2003 Aug 8;73(12):1527-35.

Belay T, Sonnenfeld G. Differential effects of catecholamines on in vitro growth of pathogenic bacteria. Life Sci. 2002 Jun 14;71(4):447-56.

Bell IR, Patarca R, Baldwin CM, Klimas NG, Schwartz GE, Hardin EE. Serum neopterin and somatization in women with chemical intolerance, depressives, and normals. Neuropsychobiology. 1998;38(1):13-8.

Bellmann-Weiler R, Schroecksnadel K, Holzer C, Larcher C, Fuchs D, Weiss G. IFN-gamma mediated pathways in patients with fatigue and chronic active Epstein Barr virus-infection. J Affect Disord. 2008 May;108(1-2):171-6. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Bengtsson A, Henriksson KG, Jorfeldt L, Kågedal B, Lennmarken C, Lindström F. Primary fibromyalgia. A clinical and laboratory study of 55 patients. Scand J Rheumatol. 1986;15(3):340-7.

Bennett AL, Chao CC, Hu S, Buchwald D, Fagioli LR, Schur PH, Peterson PK, Komaroff AL. Elevation of bioactive transforming growth factor-beta in serum from patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Immunol. 1997 Mar;17(2):160-6.

Bentler SE, Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM. Prospective observational study of treatments for unexplained chronic fatigue. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005 May;66(5):625-32.

Berg D, Berg LH, Couvaras J, Harrison H. Chronic fatigue syndrome and/or fibromyalgia as a variation of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome: an explanatory model and approach to laboratory diagnosis. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1999 Oct;10(7):435-8.

Bergamasco B, Scarzella L, La Commare P. Idebenone, a new drug in the treatment of cognitive impairment in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type. Funct Neurol. 1994 May-Jun;9(3):161-8.

Berkovitz S, Ambler G, Jenkins M, Thurgood S. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels in chronic fatigue syndrome: a retrospective survey. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2009 Jul;79(4):250-4.

Bermúdez-Humarán LG. Lactococcus lactis as a live vector for mucosal delivery of therapeutic proteins. Hum Vaccin. 2009 Apr;5(4):264-7. Epub 2009 Apr 30.

Bernardino AL, Kaushal D, Philipp MT. The antibiotics doxycycline and minocycline inhibit the inflammatory responses to the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. J Infect Dis. 2009 May 1;199(9):1379-88.

Bertrand X, Dufour V, Millon L, Beuvier E, Gbaguidi-Haore H, Piarroux R, Vuitton DA, Talon D. Effect of cheese consumption on emergence of antimicrobial resistance in the intestinal microflora induced by a short course of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. J Appl Microbiol. 2007 Apr;102(4):1052-9.

Berwaerts J, Moorkens G, Abs R. Secretion of growth hormone in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Growth Horm IGF Res. 1998 Apr;8 Suppl B:127-9.

Beyer G, Hiemer-Bau M, Ziege S, Edlund C, Lode H, Nord CE. Impact of moxifloxacin versus clarithromycin on normal oropharyngeal microflora. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2000 Jul;19(7):548-50.

Bhatnagar M, Sharma D, Salvi M. Neuroprotective effects of Withania somnifera dunal.: A possible mechanism. Neurochem Res. 2009 Nov;34(11):1975-83. Epub 2009 May 15.

Bhatt LK, Addepalli V. Potentiation of aspirin-induced cerebroprotection by minocycline: a therapeutic approach to attenuate exacerbation of transient focal cerebral ischaemia. Diab Vasc Dis Res. 2012 Jan;9(1):25-34. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

Bhattacharya P, Pandey AK, Paul S. Minocycline and magnesium in combination may be a good therapeutic intervention for cerebral ischemia. Med Hypotheses. 2011 Dec;77(6):1129-31. Epub 2011 Oct 8.

Bhatty SA, Shaikh NA, Irfan M, Kashif SM, Vaswani AS, Sumbhai A, Gunpat. Vitamin D deficiency in fibromyalgia. J Pak Med Assoc. 2010 Nov;60(11):949-51.

Bi W, Zhu L, Jing X, Liang Y, Tao E. Rifampicin and Parkinson’s disease. Neurol Sci. 2012 Jul 21. [Epub ahead of print]

Bick J, Naumova O, Hunter S, Barbot B, Lee M, Luthar SS, Raefski A, Grigorenko EL. Childhood adversity and DNA methylation of genes involved in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and immune system: Whole-genome and candidate-gene associations. Dev Psychopathol. 2012 Nov;24(4):1417-25. doi: 10.1017/S0954579412000806.

Biswal B, Kunwar P, Natelson BH. Cerebral blood flow is reduced in chronic fatigue syndrome as assessed by arterial spin labeling. J Neurol Sci. 2011 Feb 15;301(1-2):9-11. Epub 2010 Dec 16. [Full Text]

Blaney GP, Albert PJ, Proal AD. Vitamin D metabolites as clinical markers in autoimmune and chronic disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:384-90.

Blomberg J, Blomberg F, Sjösten A, Sheikholvaezin A, Bölin-Wiener A, Elfaitouri A, Hessel S, Gottfries CG, Zachrisson O, Ohrmalm C, Jobs M, Pipkorn R. No evidence for xenotropic murine leukemia-related virus infection in Sweden using internally controlled multiepitope suspension array serology. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Sep;19(9):1399-410. doi: 10.1128/CVI.00391-12. Epub 2012 Jul 11.

Boddie RL, Nickerson SC. Evaluation of postmilking teat germicides containing Lauricidin, saturated fatty acids, and lactic acid. J Dairy Sci. 1992 Jun;75(6):1725-30.

Bodera P. Influence of prebiotics on the human immune system (GALT). Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov. 2008 Jun;2(2):149-53.

Bodet C, La VD, Gafner S, Bergeron C, Grenier D. A licorice extract reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced proinflammatory cytokine secretion by macrophages and whole blood. J Periodontol. 2008 Sep;79(9):1752-61.

Boerner BP, Sarvetnick NE. Type 1 diabetes: role of intestinal microbiome in humans and mice. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2011 Dec;1243:103-18. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06340.x.

Boggs SR, Cunnion KM, Raafat RH. Ceftriaxone-induced hemolysis in a child with Lyme arthritis: a case for antimicrobial stewardship. Pediatrics. 2011 Nov;128(5):e1289-92. Epub 2011 Oct 3.

Boiko AN, Batysheva TT, Matvievskaya OV, Manevich TM, Gusev EI. Characteristics of the formation of chronic fatigue syndrome and approaches to its treatment in young patients with focal brain damage. Neurosci Behav Physiol. 2007 Mar;37(3):221-8.

Boneva RS, Decker MJ, Maloney EM, Lin JM, Jones JF, Helgason HG, Heim CM, Rye DB, Reeves WC. Higher heart rate and reduced heart rate variability persist during sleep in chronic fatigue syndrome: a population-based study. Auton Neurosci. 2007 Dec 30;137(1-2):94-101. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

Borgnolo G, Hailu B, Ciancarelli A, Almaviva M, Woldemariam T. Louse-borne relapsing fever. A clinical and an epidemiological study of 389 patients in Asella Hospital, Ethiopia. Trop Geogr Med. 1993;45(2):66-9.

Bornivelli C, Aperis G, Giannikouris I, Paliouras C, Alivanis P. Relationship between depression, clinical and biochemical parameters in patients undergoing haemodialysis. J Ren Care. 2012 Jun;38(2):93-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-6686.2012.00259.x. Epub 2012 Mar 17.

Borody TJ, Warren EF, Leis SM, Surace R, Ashman O, Siarakas S. Bacteriotherapy using fecal flora: toying with human motions. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2004 Jul;38(6):475-83.

Bosscher D, Breynaert A, Pieters L, Hermans N. Food-based strategies to modulate the composition of the intestinal microbiota and their associated health effects. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Dec;60 Suppl 6:5-11.

Bousvaros A, Guandalini S, Baldassano RN, Botelho C, Evans J, Ferry GD, Goldin B, Hartigan L, Kugathasan S, Levy J, Murray KF, Oliva-Hemker M, Rosh JR, Tolia V, Zholudev A, Vanderhoof JA, Hibberd PL. A randomized, double-blind trial of Lactobacillus GG versus placebo in addition to standard maintenance therapy for children with Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2005 Sep;11(9):833-9.

Bové J, Martínez-Vicente M, Vila M. Fighting neurodegeneration with rapamycin: mechanistic insights. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2011 Jul 20;12(8):437-52. doi: 10.1038/nrn3068.

Boyadjieva NI, Sarkar DK. Opioid-like activity of naltrexone on natural killer cell cytolytic activity and cytokine production in splenocytes: effects of alcohol. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2010 Jan;30(1):15-22. [Full Text]

Boyle RJ, Bath-Hextall FJ, Leonardi-Bee J, Murrell DF, Tang ML. Probiotics for the treatment of eczema: a systematic review. Clin Exp Allergy. 2009 Aug;39(8):1117-27. Epub 2009 Jul 1.

Božic AK, Anderson RC, Ricke SC, Crandall PG, O’Bryan CA. Comparison of nitroethane, 2-nitro-1-propanol, lauric acid, Lauricidin® and the Hawaiian marine algae, Chaetoceros, for potential broad-spectrum control of anaerobically grown lactic acid bacteria. J Environ Sci Health B. 2012;47(4):269-74.

Bradbrook ID, Morrison PJ, Rogers HJ. The effect of bromelain on the absorption of orally administered tetracycline. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1978 Dec;6(6):552-4. [Full Text]

Bravo JA, Forsythe P, Chew MV, Escaravage E, Savignac HM, Dinan TG, Bienenstock J, Cryan JF. Ingestion of Lactobacillus strain regulates emotional behavior and central GABA receptor expression in a mouse via the vagus nerve. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 20;108(38):16050-5. Epub 2011 Aug 29. [Full Text]

Bremell D, Säll C, Gisslén M, Hagberg L. Lyme neuroborreliosis in HIV-1 positive men successfully treated with oral doxycycline: a case series and literature review. J Med Case Rep. 2011 Sep 19;5:465. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-465. [Full Text]

Brenner DM, Chey WD. Bifidobacterium infantis 35624: a novel probiotic for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2009 Winter;9(1):7-15.

Brenner DM, Moeller MJ, Chey WD, Schoenfeld PS. The utility of probiotics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol. 2009 Apr;104(4):1033-49; quiz 1050. Epub 2009 Mar 10.

Brenu EW, van Driel ML, Staines DR, Ashton KJ, Hardcastle SL, Keane J, Tajouri L, Peterson D, Ramos SB, Marshall-Gradisnik SM. Longitudinal investigation of natural killer cells and cytokines in chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. J Transl Med. 2012 May 9;10:88. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-10-88. [Full Text]

Brenu EW, van Driel ML, Staines DR, Ashton KJ, Ramos SB, Keane J, Klimas NG, Marshall-Gradisnik SM. Immunological abnormalities as potential biomarkers in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis. J Transl Med. 2011 May 28;9:81. [Full Text]

Brismar B, Edlund C, Nord CE. Comparative effects of clarithromycin and erythromycin on the normal intestinal microflora. Scand J Infect Dis. 1991;23(5):635-42.

Brismar B, Edlund C, Nord CE. Impact of cefpodoxime proxetil and amoxicillin on the normal oral and intestinal microflora. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Sep;12(9):714-9.

Broderick G, Katz BZ, Fernandes H, Fletcher MA, Klimas N, Smith FA, O’Gorman MR, Vernon SD, Taylor R. Cytokine expression profiles of immune imbalance in post-mononucleosis chronic fatigue. J Transl Med. 2012 Sep 13;10:191. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-10-191. [Full Text]

Brorson Ø, Brorson SH, Scythes J, MacAllister J, Wier A, Margulis L. Destruction of spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi round-body propagules (RBs) by the antibiotic tigecycline. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Nov 3;106(44):18656-61. Epub 2009 Oct 20. [Full Text]

Brown MM, Bell DS, Jason LA, Christos C, Bell DE. Understanding long-term outcomes of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Psychol. 2012 Sep;68(9):1028-35. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21880. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Buchwald D, Cheney PR, Peterson DL, Henry B, Wormsley SB, Geiger A, Ablashi DV, Salahuddin SZ, Saxinger C, Biddle R, et al. A chronic illness characterized by fatigue, neurologic and immunologic disorders, and active human herpesvirus type 6 infection. Ann Intern Med. 1992 Jan 15;116(2):103-13.

Buchwald D, Sullivan JL, Leddy S, Komaroff AL. “Chronic Epstein-Barr virus infection” syndrome and polymyalgia rheumatica. J Rheumatol. 1988 Mar;15(3):479-82.

Buchwald D, Wener MH, Pearlman T, Kith P. Markers of inflammation and immune activation in chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1997 Feb;24(2):372-6.

Bufalino C, Hepgul N, Aguglia E, Pariante CM. The role of immune genes in the association between depression and inflammation: A review of recent clinical studies. Brain Behav Immun. 2012 May 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Bühling A, Radun D, Müller WA, Malfertheiner P. Influence of anti-Helicobacter triple-therapy with metronidazole, omeprazole and clarithromycin on intestinal microflora. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2001 Sep;15(9):1445-52.

Buhnik-Rosenblau K, Matsko-Efimov V, Jung M, Shin H, Danin-Poleg Y, Kashi Y. Indication for Co-evolution of Lactobacillus johnsonii with its hosts. BMC Microbiol. 2012 Jul 25;12(1):149. [Epub ahead of print]

Burton CL, Chhabra SR, Swift S, Baldwin TJ, Withers H, Hill SJ, Williams P. The growth response of Escherichia coli to neurotransmitters and related catecholamine drugs requires a functional enterobactin biosynthesis and uptake system. Infect Immun. 2002 Nov;70(11):5913-23. [Full Text]

Buskila D, Sarzi-Puttini P, Ablin JN. The genetics of fibromyalgia syndrome. Pharmacogenomics. 2007 Jan;8(1):67-74.

Byrnes V, Miller A, Lowry D, Hill E, Weinstein C, Alsop D, Lenkinski R, Afdhal NH. Effects of anti-viral therapy and HCV clearance on cerebral metabolism and cognition. J Hepatol. 2012 Mar;56(3):549-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2011.09.015. Epub 2011 Oct 23.

Cáceres M, Carera E, Palmgren AC, Nord CE. Antimicrobial susceptibility of anaerobic bacteria from the intestinal microflora of healthy children and antimicrobial-treated children in Nicaragua. Rev Esp Quimioter. 1998 Sep;11(3):221-8.

Cairns V, Godwin J. Post-Lyme borreliosis syndrome: a meta-analysis of reported symptoms. Int J Epidemiol. 2005 Dec;34(6):1340-5. Epub 2005 Jul 22.

Cakal B, Akoz AG, Ustundag Y, Yalinkilic M, Ulker A, Ankarali H. Red cell distribution width for assessment of activity of inflammatory bowel disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2009 Apr;54(4):842-7. Epub 2008 Aug 21.

Cameron DJ. Insufficient evidence to deny antibiotic treatment to chronic Lyme disease patients. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Jun;72(6):688-91. Epub 2009 Mar 5.

Cameron DJ. Proof that chronic lyme disease exists. Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2010;2010:876450. Epub 2010 May 25. [Full Text]

Cameron SL, McLay-Cooke RT, Brown RC, Gray AR, Fairbairn KA. Increased blood pH but not performance with sodium bicarbonate supplementation in elite rugby union players. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2010 Aug;20(4):307-21.

Camic CL, Housh TJ, Zuniga JM, Hendrix RC, Mielke M, Johnson GO, Schmidt RJ. Effects of arginine-based supplements on the physical working capacity at the fatigue threshold. J Strength Cond Res. 2010 May;24(5):1306-12.

Cammarota G, Branca G, Ardito F, Sanguinetti M, Ianiro G, Cianci R, Torelli R, Masala G, Gasbarrini A, Fadda G, Landolfi R, Gasbarrini G. Biofilm demolition and antibiotic treatment to eradicate resistant Helicobacter pylori: a clinical trial. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 Sep;8(9):817-820.e3. Epub 2010 May 31.

Cammarota G, Sanguinetti M, Gallo A, Posteraro B. Review article: biofilm formation by Helicobacter pylori as a target for eradication of resistant infection. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Aug;36(3):222-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05165.x. Epub 2012 May 31.

Cantorna MT, Hayes CE. Vitamin A deficiency exacerbates murine Lyme arthritis. J Infect Dis. 1996 Oct;174(4):747-51.

Cao Y, Hu Y, Liu P, Zhao HX, Zhou XJ, Wei YM. Effects of a Chinese traditional formula Kai Xin San (KXS) on chronic fatigue syndrome mice induced by forced wheel running. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jan 6;139(1):19-25. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Carlo-Stella N, Badulli C, De Silvestri A, Bazzichi L, Martinetti M, Lorusso L, Bombardieri S, Salvaneschi L, Cuccia M. A first study of cytokine genomic polymorphisms in CFS: Positive association of TNF-857 and IFNgamma 874 rare alleles. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2006 Mar-Apr;24(2):179-82.

Carlo-Stella N, Bozzini S, De Silvestri A, Sbarsi I, Pizzochero C, Lorusso L, Martinetti M, Cuccia M. Molecular study of receptor for advanced glycation endproduct gene promoter and identification of specific HLA haplotypes possibly involved in chronic fatigue syndrome. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2009 Jul-Sep;22(3):745-54.

Carman RJ, Simon MA, Petzold HE 3rd, Wimmer RF, Batra MR, Fernández AH, Miller MA, Bartholomew M. Antibiotics in the human food chain: establishing no effect levels of tetracycline, neomycin, and erythromycin using a chemostat model of the human colonic microflora. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2005 Nov;43(2):168-80. Epub 2005 Aug 29.

Carman RJ, Woodburn MA. Effects of low levels of ciprofloxacin on a chemostat model of the human colonic microflora. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2001 Jun;33(3):276-84.

Carroll IM, Ringel-Kulka T, Siddle JP, Ringel Y. Alterations in composition and diversity of the intestinal microbiota in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jun;24(6):521-30, e248. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2012.01891.x. Epub 2012 Feb 20.

Caruso I, Sarzi Puttini P, Cazzola M, Azzolini V. Double-blind study of 5-hydroxytryptophan versus placebo in the treatment of primary fibromyalgia syndrome. J Int Med Res. 1990 May-Jun;18(3):201-9.

Carvalhinho S, Costa AM, Coelho AC, Martins E, Sampaio A. <a href="; title="Forty Candida albica…mon and lemon was higher than those of the econazole-S yeasts (P < 0.05). In contrast, econazole-SDD isolates were less affected by laurel than econazole-S counterparts (P Susceptibilities of Candida albicans mouth isolates to antifungal agents, essentials oils and mouth rinses. Mycopathologia. 2012 Jul;174(1):69-76. Epub 2012 Jan 14.

Caseras X, Mataix-Cols D, Giampietro V, Rimes KA, Brammer M, Zelaya F, Chalder T, Godfrey EL. Probing the working memory system in chronic fatigue syndrome: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study using the n-back task. Psychosom Med. 2006 Nov-Dec;68(6):947-55. Epub 2006 Nov 1.

Caseras X, Mataix-Cols D, Rimes KA, Giampietro V, Brammer M, Zelaya F, Chalder T, Godfrey E. The neural correlates of fatigue: an exploratory imaginal fatigue provocation study in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychol Med. 2008 Jul;38(7):941-51. Epub 2008 Apr 30.

Casha S, Zygun D, McGowan MD, Bains I, Yong VW, Hurlbert RJ. Results of a phase II placebo-controlled randomized trial of minocycline in acute spinal cord injury. Brain. 2012 Apr;135(Pt 4):1224-36.

Castiglione F, Daniele B, Mazzacca G. Therapeutic strategy for the irritable bowel syndrome. Ital J Gastroenterol. 1991 Nov;23(8 Suppl 1):53-5.

Cavalcante AG, de Bruin PF, de Bruin VM, Pereira ED, Cavalcante MM, Nunes DM, Viana CS. Restless legs syndrome, sleep impairment, and fatigue in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Sleep Med. 2012 Aug;13(7):842-7. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Cella M, White PD, Sharpe M, Chalder T. Cognitions, behaviours and co-morbid psychiatric diagnoses in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychol Med. 2012 May 9:1-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Chacón MR, Ceperuelo-Mallafré V, Maymó-Masip E, Mateo-Sanz JM, Arola L, Guitiérrez C, Fernandez-Real JM, Ardèvol A, Simón I, Vendrell J. Grape-seed procyanidins modulate inflammation on human differentiated adipocytes in vitro. Cytokine. 2009 Aug;47(2):137-42. Epub 2009 Jun 27.

Chalmers RA, Jones MG, Goodwin CS, Amjad S. CFSUM1 and CFSUM2 in urine from patients with chronic fatigue syndrome are methodological artefacts. Clin Chim Acta. 2006 Feb;364(1-2):148-58. Epub 2005 Aug 10.

Chang HK, Bang KT, Lee BH, Kim JH, Bae KW, Kim MJ, Kim SK. Concurrence of Sjögren’s syndrome in a patient with Chlamydia-induced reactive arthritis; an unusual finding. Korean J Intern Med. 2006 Jun;21(2):116-9.

Chang Y, Gu W, McLandsborough L. Low concentration of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) affects biofilm formation of Listeria monocytogenes by inhibiting its initial adherence. Food Microbiol. 2012 Feb;29(1):10-7. Epub 2011 Jul 23.

Chao CC, Janoff EN, Hu SX, Thomas K, Gallagher M, Tsang M, Peterson PK. Altered cytokine release in peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures from patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. Cytokine. 1991 Jul;3(4):292-8.

Chapenko S, Krumina A, Kozireva S, Nora Z, Sultanova A, Viksna L, Murovska M. Activation of human herpesviruses 6 and 7 in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Virol. 2006 Dec;37 Suppl 1:S47-51.

Chappell LT, Janson M. EDTA chelation therapy in the treatment of vascular disease. J Cardiovasc Nurs. 1996 Apr;10(3):78-86.

Chaudhry IB, Hallak J, Husain N, Minhas F, Stirling J, Richardson P, Dursun S, Dunn G, Deakin B. Minocycline benefits negative symptoms in early schizophrenia: a randomised double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients on standard treatment. J Psychopharmacol. 2012 Sep;26(9):1185-93. Epub 2012 Apr 23.

Chaudhuri A, Behan PO. In vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy in chronic fatigue syndrome. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2004 Sep;71(3):181-3.

Chaudhuri A, Condon BR, Gow JW, Brennan D, Hadley DM. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy of basal ganglia in chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuroreport. 2003 Feb 10;14(2):225-8.

Chauhan A, Sharma U, Jagannathan NR, Reeta KH, Gupta YK. Rapamycin protects against middle cerebral artery occlusion induced focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Behav Brain Res. 2011 Dec 1;225(2):603-9. Epub 2011 Aug 31.

Chen C, Chai H, Wang X, Lin PH, Yao Q. Chlamydia heat shock protein 60 decreases expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in human and porcine coronary artery endothelial cells. Cardiovasc Res. 2009 Sep 1;83(4):768-77. Epub 2009 May 14. [Full Text]

Chen C, Johnston TD, Jeon H, Gedaly R, McHugh PP, Burke TG, Ranjan D. An in vitro study of liposomal curcumin: stability, toxicity and biological activity in human lymphocytes and Epstein-Barr virus-transformed human B-cells. Int J Pharm. 2009 Jan 21;366(1-2):133-9. Epub 2008 Sep 17.

Chen HY, Cheng IC, Pan YJ, Chiu YL, Hsu SP, Pai MF, Yang JY, Peng YS, Tsai TJ, Wu KD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for sleep disturbance decreases inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients. Kidney Int. 2011 Aug;80(4):415-22. doi: 10.1038/ki.2011.151. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Chen HY, Chiang CK, Wang HH, Hung KY, Lee YJ, Peng YS, Wu KD, Tsai TJ. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for sleep disturbance in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Aug;52(2):314-23. Epub 2008 May 29.

Chen JC, Ho TY, Chang YS, Wu SL, Li CC, Hsiang CY. Identification of Escherichia coli enterotoxin inhibitors from traditional medicinal herbs by in silico, in vitro, and in vivo analyses. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Jan 30;121(3):372-8. Epub 2008 Nov 21.

Chen JS, Chen YH, Huang PH, Tsai HY, Chen YL, Lin SJ, Chen JW. Ginkgo biloba extract reduces high-glucose-induced endothelial adhesion by inhibiting the redox-dependent interleukin-6 pathways. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2012 May 3;11:49. doi: 10.1186/1475-2840-11-49. [Full Text]

Chen WT, Lin CH, Hsieh MH, Huang CY, Yeh JS. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy caused by heat stroke. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Jul;60(1):63-6. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Cheng HY, Lin LT, Huang HH, Yang CM, Lin CC. Yin Chen Hao Tang, a Chinese prescription, inhibits both herpes simplex virus type-1 and type-2 infections in vitro. Antiviral Res. 2008 Jan;77(1):14-9. Epub 2007 Sep 24.

Cheng YW, Cheah KP, Lin CW, Li JS, Yu WY, Chang ML, Yeh GC, Chen SH, Choy CS, Hu CM. Myrrh mediates haem oxygenase-1 expression to suppress the lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in RAW264.7 macrophages. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2011 Sep;63(9):1211-8. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.2011.01329.x. Epub 2011 Jul 15.

Chia JK, Chia AY. Chronic fatigue syndrome is associated with chronic enterovirus infection of the stomach. J Clin Pathol. 2008 Jan;61(1):43-8. Epub 2007 Sep 13.

Chilton SA. Cognitive behaviour therapy for the chronic fatigue syndrome. Evening primrose oil and magnesium have been shown to be effective. BMJ. 1996 Apr 27;312(7038):1096; author reply 1098. [Full Text]

Ching-Hsiang L, Chiao-Wen H, Nan-Fu C, Wen-Sheng L, Ya-Fen H, Wen-Tung W. In vivo effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on interleukin-6 cytokine levels in patients with neurological disorders. Indian J Pharmacol. 2012 Jan;44(1):118-21. [Full Text]

Choi CH, Jo SY, Park HJ, Chang SK, Byeon JS, Myung SJ. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter trial of saccharomyces boulardii in irritable bowel syndrome: effect on quality of life. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2011 Sep;45(8):679-83.

Choi KT. Botanical characteristics, pharmacological effects and medicinal components of Korean Panax ginseng C A Meyer. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2008 Sep;29(9):1109-18.

Choppa PC, Vojdani A, Tagle C, Andrin R, Magtoto L. Multiplex PCR for the detection of Mycoplasma fermentans, M. hominis and M. penetrans in cell cultures and blood samples of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Mol Cell Probes. 1998 Oct;12(5):301-8.

Chou S, Marousek G, Auerochs S, Stamminger T, Milbradt J, Marschall M. The unique antiviral activity of artesunate is broadly effective against human cytomegaloviruses including therapy-resistant mutants. Antiviral Res. 2011 Nov;92(2):364-8. Epub 2011 Aug 6.

Ciappuccini R, Ansemant T, Maillefert JF, Tavernier C, Ornetti P. Aspartame-induced fibromyalgia, an unusual but curable cause of chronic pain. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2010 Nov-Dec;28(6 Suppl 63):S131-3. Epub 2010 Dec 22.

Citera G, Arias MA, Maldonado-Cocco JA, Lázaro MA, Rosemffet MG, Brusco LI, Scheines EJ, Cardinalli DP. The effect of melatonin in patients with fibromyalgia: a pilot study. Clin Rheumatol. 2000;19(1):9-13.

Clark TR, Burns S. Elevated international normalized ratio values associated with concomitant use of warfarin and ceftriaxone. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011 Sep 1;68(17):1603-5.

Clarke NM, May JT. Effect of antimicrobial factors in human milk on rhinoviruses and milk-borne cytomegalovirus in vitro. J Med Microbiol. 2000 Aug;49(8):719-23.

Claus SP, Ellero SL, Berger B, Krause L, Bruttin A, Molina J, Paris A, Want EJ, de Waziers I, Cloarec O, Richards SE, Wang Y, Dumas ME, Ross A, Rezzi S, Kochhar S, Van Bladeren P, Lindon JC, Holmes E, Nicholson JK. Colonization-induced host-gut microbial metabolic interaction. MBio. 2011 Mar 1;2(2):e00271-10. doi: 10.1128/mBio.00271-10. Print 2011. [Full Text]

Cleare AJ, Messa C, Rabiner EA, Grasby PM. Brain 5-HT1A receptor binding in chronic fatigue syndrome measured using positron emission tomography and [11C]WAY-100635. Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Feb 1;57(3):239-46.

Cleare AJ, O’Keane V, Miell JP. Levels of DHEA and DHEAS and responses to CRH stimulation and hydrocortisone treatment in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004 Jul;29(6):724-32.

Cleare AJ. The neuroendocrinology of chronic fatigue syndrome. Endocr Rev. 2003 Apr;24(2):236-52.

Clinton JM, Davis CJ, Zielinski MR, Jewett KA, Krueger JM. Biochemical regulation of sleep and sleep biomarkers. J Clin Sleep Med. 2011 Oct 15;7(5 Suppl):S38-42. [Full Text]

Cogan NG, Brown J, Darres K, Petty K. Optimal control strategies for disinfection of bacterial populations with persister and susceptible dynamics. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Sep;56(9):4816-26. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00675-12. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Cohen H, Neumann L, Glazer Y, Ebstein RP, Buskila D. The relationship between a common catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism val(158) met and fibromyalgia. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2009 Sep-Oct;27(5 Suppl 56):S51-6.

Colecchia A, Vestito A, La Rocca A, Pasqui F, Nikiforaki A, Festi D; Symbiotic Study Group. Effect of a symbiotic preparation on the clinical manifestations of irritable bowel syndrome, constipation-variant. Results of an open, uncontrolled multicenter study. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol. 2006 Dec;52(4):349-58.

Collins SM, Denou E, Verdu EF, Bercik P. The putative role of the intestinal microbiota in the irritable bowel syndrome. Dig Liver Dis. 2009 Dec;41(12):850-3. Epub 2009 Sep 8.

Cook DB, Lange G, DeLuca J, Natelson BH. Relationship of brain MRI abnormalities and physical functional status in chronic fatigue syndrome. Int J Neurosci. 2001 Mar;107(1-2):1-6.

Cook DB, Nagelkirk PR, Peckerman A, Poluri A, Mores J, Natelson BH. Exercise and cognitive performance in chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Sep;37(9):1460-7.

Cook DB, O’Connor PJ, Lange G, Steffener J. Functional neuroimaging correlates of mental fatigue induced by cognition among chronic fatigue syndrome patients and controls. Neuroimage. 2007 May 15;36(1):108-22. Epub 2007 Mar 3.

Cook DB, Stegner AJ, Nagelkirk PR, Meyer JD, Togo F, Natelson BH. Responses to exercise differ for chronic fatigue syndrome patients with fibromyalgia. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jun;44(6):1186-93.

Copeland WE, Shanahan L, Worthman C, Angold A, Costello EJ. Generalized anxiety and C-reactive protein levels: a prospective, longitudinal analysis. Psychol Med. 2012 Dec;42(12):2641-50. doi: 10.1017/S0033291712000554. Epub 2012 Apr 30.

Cordero MD, Alcocer-Gómez E, de Miguel M, Cano-García FJ, Luque CM, Fernández-Riejo P, Fernández AM, Sánchez-Alcazar JA. Coenzyme Q(10): a novel therapeutic approach for Fibromyalgia? case series with 5 patients. Mitochondrion. 2011 Jul;11(4):623-5. Epub 2011 Apr 7.

Cordero MD, Cano-García FJ, Alcocer-Gómez E, De Miguel M, Sánchez-Alcázar JA. Oxidative stress correlates with headache symptoms in fibromyalgia: coenzyme Q₁₀ effect on clinical improvement. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35677. Epub 2012 Apr 19. [Full Text]

Cordero MD, de Miguel M, Carmona-López I, Bonal P, Campa F, Moreno-Fernández AM. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in fibromyalgia. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2010;31(2):169-73.

Costa DC, Tannock C, Brostoff J. <a href="; title="We looked for brain …ssed patients (0.77 +/- 0.03; ANOVA, p Brainstem perfusion is impaired in chronic fatigue syndrome. QJM. 1995 Nov;88(11):767-73.

Cox IM, Campbell MJ, Dowson D. Red blood cell magnesium and chronic fatigue syndrome. Lancet. 1991 Mar 30;337(8744):757-60.

Coxon RE, Fekade D, Knox K, Hussein K, Melka A, Daniel A, Griffin GG, Warrell DA. The effect of antibody against TNF alpha on cytokine response in Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions of louse-borne relapsing fever. QJM. 1997 Mar;90(3):213-21.

Cremonini F, Lembo A. Rifaximin for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012 Feb;13(3):433-40. Epub 2012 Jan 18.

Cruchet S, Obregon MC, Salazar G, Diaz E, Gotteland M. Effect of the ingestion of a dietary product containing Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 on Helicobacter pylori colonization in children. Nutrition. 2003 Sep;19(9):716-21.

Cucchiara S, Iebba V, Conte MP, Schippa S. The microbiota in inflammatory bowel disease in different age groups. Dig Dis. 2009;27(3):252-8. Epub 2009 Sep 24.

Cumaoğlu A, Ari N, Kartal M, Karasu Ç. Polyphenolic extracts from Olea europea L. protect against cytokine-induced β-cell damage through maintenance of redox homeostasis. Rejuvenation Res. 2011 Jun;14(3):325-34. Epub 2011 Jul 11.

Cybulska P, Thakur SD, Foster BC, Scott IM, Leduc RI, Arnason JT, Dillon JA. Extracts of Canadian first nations medicinal plants, used as natural products, inhibit neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates with different antibiotic resistance profiles. Sex Transm Dis. 2011 Jul;38(7):667-71.

Dabos KJ, Sfika E, Vlatta LJ, Giannikopoulos G. The effect of mastic gum on Helicobacter pylori: a randomized pilot study. Phytomedicine. 2010 Mar;17(3-4):296-9. Epub 2009 Oct 29.

Dabur R, Gupta A, Mandal TK, Singh DD, Bajpai V, Gurav AM, Lavekar GS. Antimicrobial activity of some Indian medicinal plants. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2007 Feb 16;4(3):313-8. [Full Text]

Dahlqvist G, Piessevaux H. Irritable bowel syndrome: the role of the intestinal microbiota, pathogenesis and therapeutic targets. Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2011 Sep;74(3):375-80.

Danielsson D, Kjellander J, Järnerot G. The effect of metronidazole and sulfasalazine on the fecal flora in patients with Crohn’s disease. Scand J Gastroenterol. 1981;16(2):183-92.

Dapoigny M, Piche T, Ducrotte P, Lunaud B, Cardot JM, Bernalier-Donadille A. Efficacy and safety profile of LCR35 complete freeze-dried culture in irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, double-blind study. World J Gastroenterol. 2012 May 7;18(17):2067-75. [Full Text]

Darkoh C, Lichtenberger LM, Ajami N, Dial EJ, Jiang ZD, DuPont HL. Bile acids improve the antimicrobial effect of rifaximin. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 Sep;54(9):3618-24. Epub 2010 Jun 14. [Full Text]

Dattwyler RJ, Wormser GP, Rush TJ, Finkel MF, Schoen RT, Grunwaldt E, Franklin M, Hilton E, Bryant GL, Agger WA, Maladorno D. A comparison of two treatment regimens of ceftriaxone in late Lyme disease. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2005 Jun;117(11-12):393-7.

Daugherty SA, Henry BE, Peterson DL, Swarts RL, Bastien S, Thomas RS. Chronic fatigue syndrome in northern Nevada. Rev Infect Dis. 1991 Jan-Feb;13 Suppl 1:S39-44.

Dávalos A, Alvarez-Sabín J, Castillo J, Díez-Tejedor E, Ferro J, Martínez-Vila E, Serena J, Segura T, Cruz VT, Masjuan J, Cobo E, Secades JJ; International Citicoline Trial on acUte Stroke (ICTUS) trial investigators. Citicoline in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke: an international, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled study (ICTUS trial). Lancet. 2012 Jul 28;380(9839):349-57. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60813-7. Epub 2012 Jun 11.

Dávalos A, Castillo J, Alvarez-Sabín J, Secades JJ, Mercadal J, López S, Cobo E, Warach S, Sherman D, Clark WM, Lozano R. Oral citicoline in acute ischemic stroke: an individual patient data pooling analysis of clinical trials. Stroke. 2002 Dec;33(12):2850-7.

Davis JA, Jackson CR, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Barrett JB, Brousse JH, Gustafson J, Kucher M. Anatomical distribution and genetic relatedness of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli from healthy companion animals. J Appl Microbiol. 2011 Feb;110(2):597-604. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2010.04920.x. Epub 2011 Jan 5.

Davis L, Kuttan G. Effect of Withania somnifera on cytokine production in normal and cyclophosphamide treated mice. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1999 Nov;21(4):695-703.

Davis L, Kuttan G. Immunomodulatory activity of Withania somnifera. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Jul;71(1-2):193-200.

Davison KM, Kaplan BJ. Nutrient intakes are correlated with overall psychiatric functioning in adults with mood disorders. Can J Psychiatry. 2012 Feb;57(2):85-92.

De Becker P, De Meirleir K, Joos E, Campine I, Van Steenberge E, Smitz J, Velkeniers B. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) response to i.v. ACTH in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Horm Metab Res. 1999 Jan;31(1):18-21.

de Lange FP, Kalkman JS, Bleijenberg G, Hagoort P, van der Meer JW, Toni I. Gray matter volume reduction in the chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuroimage. 2005 Jul 1;26(3):777-81. Epub 2005 Apr 7.

de Lange FP, Koers A, Kalkman JS, Bleijenberg G, Hagoort P, van der Meer JW, Toni I. Increase in prefrontal cortical volume following cognitive behavioural therapy in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Brain. 2008 Aug;131(Pt 8):2172-80. Epub 2008 Jun 28.

De Lorenzo F, Hargreaves J, Kakkar VV. Pathogenesis and management of delayed orthostatic hypotension in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Auton Res. 1997 Aug;7(4):185-90.

De Lorenzo F, Hargreaves J, Kakkar VV. Phosphate diabetes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Postgrad Med J. 1998 Apr;74(870):229-32. [Full Text]

De Luca C, Raskovic D, Pacifico V, Thai JC, Korkina L. The search for reliable biomarkers of disease in multiple chemical sensitivity and other environmental intolerances. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Jul;8(7):2770-97. Epub 2011 Jul 1. [Full Text]

De R, Kundu P, Swarnakar S, Ramamurthy T, Chowdhury A, Nair GB, Mukhopadhyay AK. Antimicrobial activity of curcumin against Helicobacter pylori isolates from India and during infections in mice. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2009 Apr;53(4):1592-7. Epub 2009 Feb 9. [Full Text]

de Vrese M, Schrezenmeir J. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics. Adv Biochem Eng Biotechnol. 2008;111:1-66.

Dean OM, Data-Franco J, Giorlando F, Berk M. Minocycline: therapeutic potential in psychiatry. CNS Drugs. 2012 May 1;26(5):391-401. doi: 10.2165/11632000-000000000-00000.

Dear KL, Elia M, Hunter JO. Do interventions which reduce colonic bacterial fermentation improve symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome? Dig Dis Sci. 2005 Apr;50(4):758-66.

Debbia EA, Maioli E, Roveta S, Marchese A. Effects of rifaximin on bacterial virulence mechanisms at supra- and sub-inhibitory concentrations. J Chemother. 2008 Apr;20(2):186-94.

del Carmen S, de Moreno de LeBlanc A, Perdigon G, Bastos Pereira V, Miyoshi A, Azevedo V, LeBlanc JG. Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory effect of milk fermented by a strain of IL-10-producing Lactococcus lactis using a murine model of Crohn’s disease. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol. 2011;21(3-4):138-46. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

Deniset JF, Hedley TE, Dibrov E, Pierce GN. Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection induces alterations in vascular contractile responses. Am J Pathol. 2012 Mar;180(3):1264-72. Epub 2011 Dec 31.

Desser L, Rehberger A, Kokron E, Paukovits W. Cytokine synthesis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells after oral administration of polyenzyme preparations. Oncology. 1993 Nov-Dec;50(6):403-7.

Desser L, Rehberger A, Paukovits W. Proteolytic enzymes and amylase induce cytokine production in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro. Cancer Biother. 1994 Fall;9(3):253-63.

Devanur LD, Kerr JR. Chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Virol. 2006 Nov;37(3):139-50. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

Dhar N, McKinney JD. Microbial phenotypic heterogeneity and antibiotic tolerance. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2007 Feb;10(1):30-8. Epub 2007 Jan 9.

Dhuley JN. Adaptogenic and cardioprotective action of ashwagandha in rats and frogs. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Apr;70(1):57-63.

Dias EP, Rocha ML, Carvalho MO, Amorim LM. [Detection of Epstein-Barr virus in recurrent tonsillitis]. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2009 Jan-Feb;75(1):30-4.

Dickinson CJ. Chronic fatigue syndrome–aetiological aspects. Eur J Clin Invest. 1997 Apr;27(4):257-67.

Diederich K, Frauenknecht K, Minnerup J, Schneider BK, Schmidt A, Altach E, Eggert V, Sommer CJ, Schäbitz WR. Citicoline enhances neuroregenerative processes after experimental stroke in rats. Stroke. 2012 Jul;43(7):1931-40. Epub 2012 May 10.

Dietert RR, Dietert JM. Early-life immune insult and developmental immunotoxicity (DIT)-associated diseases: potential of herbal- and fungal-derived medicinals. Curr Med Chem. 2007;14(10):1075-85.

Dietert RR, Dietert JM. Possible role for early-life immune insult including developmental immunotoxicity in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Toxicology. 2008 May 2;247(1):61-72. Epub 2008 Feb 8.

Dietert RR. Developmental immunotoxicology (DIT): windows of vulnerability, immune dysfunction and safety assessment. J Immunotoxicol. 2008 Oct;5(4):401-12.

Dinan TG, Cryan JF. Regulation of the stress response by the gut microbiota: implications for psychoneuroendocrinology. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2012 Sep;37(9):1369-78. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

D’Mello C, Swain MG. Liver-brain inflammation axis. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Nov;301(5):G749-61. Epub 2011 Aug 25.

Dodsworth H, Burns A. Disseminated intravascular coagulation complicating infectious mononucleosis. Br Med J. 1971 Nov 20;4(5785):466-7. [Full Text]

Dolic K, Weinstock-Guttman B, Marr K, Valnarov V, Carl E, Hagemeier J, Brooks C, Kilanowski C, Hojnacki D, Ramanathan M, Zivadinov R. Risk factors for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in a large cohort of volunteers. PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e28062. Epub 2011 Nov 30. [Full Text]

Dolin BJ. Effects of a proprietary Bacillus coagulans preparation on symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2009 Dec;31(10):655-9.

Donlan RM, Costerton JW. Biofilms: survival mechanisms of clinically relevant microorganisms. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2002 Apr;15(2):167-93. [Full Text]

Donta ST, Noto RB, Vento JA. SPECT brain imaging in chronic Lyme disease. Clin Nucl Med. 2012 Sep;37(9):e219-22.

Donta ST. Macrolide therapy of chronic Lyme Disease. Med Sci Monit. 2003 Nov;9(11):PI136-42.

Drago L, Toscano M, De Vecchi E, Piconi S, Iemoli E. Changing of fecal flora and clinical effect of L. salivarius LS01 in adults with atopic dermatitis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2012 Oct;46 Suppl:S56-63. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0b013e318265ef38.

Dröge W, Holm E. Role of cysteine and glutathione in HIV infection and other diseases associated with muscle wasting and immunological dysfunction. FASEB J. 1997 Nov;11(13):1077-89.

Duboc H, Rainteau D, Rajca S, Humbert L, Farabos D, Maubert M, Grondin V, Jouet P, Bouhassira D, Seksik P, Sokol H, Coffin B, Sabaté JM. Increase in fecal primary bile acids and dysbiosis in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jun;24(6):513-20, e246-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2012.01893.x. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

DuBois RE, Seeley JK, Brus I, Sakamoto K, Ballow M, Harada S, Bechtold TA, Pearson G, Purtilo DT. Chronic mononucleosis syndrome. South Med J. 1984 Nov;77(11):1376-82.

Ducrotté P, Sawant P, Jayanthi V. Clinical trial: Lactobacillus plantarum 299v (DSM 9843) improves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Aug 14;18(30):4012-8. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i30.4012. [Full Text]

Dunleavy M, Bradford A, O’Halloran KD. Oxidative stress impairs upper airway muscle endurance in an animal model of sleep-disordered breathing. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2008;605:458-62.

Dunn AJ, Ando T, Brown RF, Berg RD. HPA axis activation and neurochemical responses to bacterial translocation from the gastrointestinal tract. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003 May;992:21-9.

DuPont HL. Biologic properties and clinical uses of rifaximin. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2011 Feb;12(2):293-302.

Dworkin MS, Anderson DE Jr, Schwan TG, Shoemaker PC, Banerjee SN, Kassen BO, Burgdorfer W. Tick-borne relapsing fever in the northwestern United States and southwestern Canada. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Jan;26(1):122-31.

Edlund C, Beyer G, Hiemer-Bau M, Ziege S, Lode H, Nord CE. Comparative effects of moxifloxacin and clarithromycin on the normal intestinal microflora. Scand J Infect Dis. 2000;32(1):81-5.

Edlund C, Nord CE. Effect on the human normal microflora of oral antibiotics for treatment of urinary tract infections. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2000 Sep;46 Suppl 1:41-8; discussion 63-5.

Efferth T, Romero MR, Wolf DG, Stamminger T, Marin JJ, Marschall M. The antiviral activities of artemisinin and artesunate. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 Sep 15;47(6):804-11.

El Ashry ES, Rashed N, Salama OM, Saleh A. Components, therapeutic value and uses of myrrh. Pharmazie. 2003 Mar;58(3):163-8.

Eligio P, Delia R, Valeria G. EBV Chronic Infections. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis. 2010 Aug 10;2(1):e2010022. [Full Text]

El-Nakeeb MA, Abou-Shleib HM, Khalil AM, Omar HG, El-Halfawy OM. Reversal of antibiotic resistance in Gram-positive bacteria by the antihistaminic azelastine. APMIS. 2012 Mar;120(3):215-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0463.2011.02823.x. Epub 2011 Oct 25.

El-Salhy M, Ostgaard H, Gundersen D, Hatlebakk JG, Hausken T. The role of diet in the pathogenesis and management of irritable bowel syndrome (Review). Int J Mol Med. 2012 May;29(5):723-31. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2012.926. Epub 2012 Feb 24.

Embers ME, Barthold SW, Borda JT, Bowers L, Doyle L, Hodzic E, Jacobs MB, Hasenkampf NR, Martin DS, Narasimhan S, Phillippi-Falkenstein KM, Purcell JE, Ratterree MS, Philipp MT. Persistence of Borrelia burgdorferi in rhesus macaques following antibiotic treatment of disseminated infection. PLoS One. 2012;7(1):e29914. Epub 2012 Jan 11. [Full Text]

Enck P, Zimmermann K, Rusch K, Schwiertz A, Klosterhalfen S, Frick JS. The effects of ageing on the colonic bacterial microflora in adults. Z Gastroenterol. 2009 Jul;47(7):653-8. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

Endo H, Higurashi T, Hosono K, Sakai E, Sekino Y, Iida H, Sakamoto Y, Koide T, Takahashi H, Yoneda M, Tokoro C, Inamori M, Abe Y, Nakajima A. Efficacy of Lactobacillus casei treatment on small bowel injury in chronic low-dose aspirin users: a pilot randomized controlled study. J Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul;46(7):894-905. Epub 2011 May 10.

Endo H, Tamura K, Fukasawa T, Kanegae M, Koga J. Comparison of fructooligosaccharide utilization by Lactobacillus and Bacteroides species. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76(1):176-9. Epub 2012 Jan 7.

Endresen GK. Mycoplasma blood infection in chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia syndromes. Rheumatol Int. 2003 Sep;23(5):211-5. Epub 2003 Jul 16.

Exley C, Swarbrick L, Gherardi RK, Authier FJ. A role for the body burden of aluminium in vaccine-associated macrophagic myofasciitis and chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Feb;72(2):135-9. Epub 2008 Nov 11.

Fallahzadeh MK, Namazi MR, Gupta RC. Taurine: a potential novel addition to the anti-systemic sclerosis weaponry. Arch Med Res. 2010 Jan;41(1):59-61. Epub 2010 Jan 29.

Fallon BA, Keilp J, Prohovnik I, Heertum RV, Mann JJ. Regional cerebral blood flow and cognitive deficits in chronic lyme disease. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2003 Summer;15(3):326-32.

Fanigliulo L, Comparato G, Aragona G, Cavallaro L, Iori V, Maino M, Cavestro GM, Soliani P, Sianesi M, Franzè A, Di Mario F. Role of gut microflora and probiotic effects in the irritable bowel syndrome. Acta Biomed. 2006 Aug;77(2):85-9.

Farquhar WB, Hunt BE, Taylor JA, Darling SE, Freeman R. Blood volume and its relation to peak O(2) consumption and physical activity in patients with chronic fatigue. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2002 Jan;282(1):H66-71.

Fekade D, Knox K, Hussein K, Melka A, Lalloo DG, Coxon RE, Warrell DA. Prevention of Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions by treatment with antibodies against tumor necrosis factor alpha. N Engl J Med. 1996 Aug 1;335(5):311-5.

Fekete V, Deconinck E, Bolle F, Van Loco J. Modelling aluminium leaching into food from different foodware materials with multi-level factorial design of experiments. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012 Aug;29(8):1322-33. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Feldman M, Grenier D. Cranberry proanthocyanidins act in synergy with licochalcone A to reduce Porphyromonas gingivalis growth and virulence properties, and to suppress cytokine secretion by macrophages. J Appl Microbiol. 2012 Aug;113(2):438-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2012.05329.x. Epub 2012 May 31.

Feller L, Meyerov R, Lemmer J. The association between human herpes viruses and periodontal disease, part 2. SADJ. 2007 May;62(4):170, 172, 174.

Feng J, Zhang Z, Li W, Shen X, Song W, Yang C, Chang F, Longmate J, Marek C, St Amand RP, Krontiris TG, Shively JE, Sommer SS. Missense mutations in the MEFV gene are associated with fibromyalgia syndrome and correlate with elevated IL-1beta plasma levels. PLoS One. 2009 Dec 30;4(12):e8480. [Full Text]

Ferretti MT, Allard S, Partridge V, Ducatenzeiler A, Cuello AC. Minocycline corrects early, pre-plaque neuroinflammation and inhibits BACE-1 in a transgenic model of Alzheimer’s disease-like amyloid pathology. J Neuroinflammation. 2012 Apr 2;9:62. [Full Text]

Fetrow CW, Avila JR. Efficacy of the dietary supplement S-adenosyl-L-methionine. Ann Pharmacother. 2001 Nov;35(11):1414-25.

Fletcher MA, Rosenthal M, Antoni M, Ironson G, Zeng XR, Barnes Z, Harvey JM, Hurwitz B, Levis S, Broderick G, Klimas NG. Plasma neuropeptide Y: a biomarker for symptom severity in chronic fatigue syndrome. Behav Brain Funct. 2010 Dec 29;6:76. [Full Text]

Fletcher MA, Zeng XR, Barnes Z, Levis S, Klimas NG. Plasma cytokines in women with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Transl Med. 2009 Nov 12;7:96. [Full Text]

Flora SJ, Mehta A, Satsangi K, Kannan GM, Gupta M. Aluminum-induced oxidative stress in rat brain: response to combined administration of citric acid and HEDTA. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2003 Mar;134(3):319-28.

Fluge Ø, Bruland O, Risa K, Storstein A, Kristoffersen EK, Sapkota D, Næss H, Dahl O, Nyland H, Mella O. Benefit from B-lymphocyte depletion using the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab in chronic fatigue syndrome. A double-blind and placebo-controlled study. PLoS One. 2011;6(10):e26358. Epub 2011 Oct 19. [Full Text]

Fluge Ø, Mella O. Clinical impact of B-cell depletion with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab in chronic fatigue syndrome: a preliminary case series. BMC Neurol. 2009 Jul 1;9:28. [Full Text]

Ford I, Cotter MA, Cameron NE, Greaves M. The effects of treatment with alpha-lipoic acid or evening primrose oil on vascular hemostatic and lipid risk factors, blood flow, and peripheral nerve conduction in the streptozotocin-diabetic rat. Metabolism. 2001 Aug;50(8):868-75.

Forsyth LM, Preuss HG, MacDowell AL, Chiazze L Jr, Birkmayer GD, Bellanti JA. Therapeutic effects of oral NADH on the symptoms of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1999 Feb;82(2):185-91.

Fox RI. Sjögren’s syndrome. Lancet. 2005 Jul 23-29;366(9482):321-31.

Foxx-Orenstein AE, Camilleri M, Szarka LA, McKinzie S, Burton D, Thomforde G, Baxter K, Zinsmeister AR. Does co-administration of a non-selective opiate antagonist enhance acceleration of transit by a 5-HT4 agonist in constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome? A randomized controlled trial. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2007 Oct;19(10):821-30. Epub 2007 May 21.

Francavilla R, Miniello V, Magistà AM, De Canio A, Bucci N, Gagliardi F, Lionetti E, Castellaneta S, Polimeno L, Peccarisi L, Indrio F, Cavallo L. A randomized controlled trial of Lactobacillus GG in children with functional abdominal pain. Pediatrics. 2010 Dec;126(6):e1445-52. Epub 2010 Nov 15.

Francischetti IM, Monteiro RQ, Guimarães JA. Identification of glycyrrhizin as a thrombin inhibitor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Jun 9;235(1):259-63.

Frank DN, Pace NR. Gastrointestinal microbiology enters the metagenomics era. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2008 Jan;24(1):4-10.

Franz CM, Huch M, Abriouel H, Holzapfel W, Gálvez A. Enterococci as probiotics and their implications in food safety. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011 Dec 2;151(2):125-40. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

Freestone PP, Haigh RD, Williams PH, Lyte M. Stimulation of bacterial growth by heat-stable, norepinephrine-induced autoinducers. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999 Mar 1;172(1):53-60.

Freestone PP, Lyte M, Neal CP, Maggs AF, Haigh RD, Williams PH. The mammalian neuroendocrine hormone norepinephrine supplies iron for bacterial growth in the presence of transferrin or lactoferrin. J Bacteriol. 2000 Nov;182(21):6091-8. [Full Text]

Frémont M, Metzger K, Rady H, Hulstaert J, De Meirleir K. Detection of herpesviruses and parvovirus B19 in gastric and intestinal mucosa of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. In Vivo. 2009 Mar-Apr;23(2):209-13.

Freston JW, Ahnen DJ, Czinn SJ, Earnest DL, Farthing MJ, Gorbach SL, Hunt RH, Sandler RS, Schuster MM. Review and analysis of the effects of olestra, a dietary fat substitute, on gastrointestinal function and symptoms. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 1997 Oct;26(2):210-8.

Friedrich M, Grady SE, Wall GC. Effects of antidepressants in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and comorbid depression. Clin Ther. 2010 Jul;32(7):1221-33.

Frith J, Zalewski P, Klawe JJ, Pairman J, Bitner A, Tafil-Klawe M, Newton JL. Impaired blood pressure variability in chronic fatigue syndrome–a potential biomarker. QJM. 2012 Sep;105(9):831-8. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcs085. Epub 2012 Jun 4.

Frykholm BO. On the question of infectious aetiologies for multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia and the chronic fatigue syndrome and their treatment with antibiotics. Med Hypotheses. 2009 Jun;72(6):736-9. Epub 2009 Mar 6.

Fujita M, Hong K, Ito Y, Fujii R, Kariya K, Nishimuro S. Thrombolytic effect of nattokinase on a chemically induced thrombosis model in rat. Biol Pharm Bull. 1995 Oct;18(10):1387-91.

Fukuda M, Yamada M, Kinoshita S, Inatomi T, Ohashi Y, Uno T, Shimazaki J, Satake Y, Maeda N, Hori Y, Nishida K, Kubota A, Nakazawa T, Shimomura Y. Comparison of corneal and aqueous humor penetration of moxifloxacin, gatifloxacin and levofloxacin during keratoplasty. Adv Ther. 2012 Apr;29(4):339-49. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

Fukuda S, Hashimoto R, Ohi K, Yamaguti K, Nakatomi Y, Yasuda Y, Kamino K, Takeda M, Tajima S, Kuratsune H, Nishizawa Y, Watanabe Y. A functional polymorphism in the disrupted-in schizophrenia 1 gene is associated with chronic fatigue syndrome. Life Sci. 2010 May 8;86(19-20):722-5. Epub 2010 Mar 20.

Fukushima Y, Miyaguchi S, Yamano T, Kaburagi T, Iino H, Ushida K, Sato K. Improvement of nutritional status and incidence of infection in hospitalised, enterally fed elderly by feeding of fermented milk containing probiotic Lactobacillus johnsonii La1 (NCC533). Br J Nutr. 2007 Nov;98(5):969-77. Epub 2007 Jul 9.

Fulgenzi A, Zanella SG, Mariani MM, Vietti D, Ferrero ME. A case of multiple sclerosis improvement following removal of heavy metal intoxication: lessons learnt from Matteo’s case. Biometals. 2012 Jun;25(3):569-76. Epub 2012 Mar 22.

Gabriel AS, Ahnve S, Gnarpe H, Gnarpe J, Martinsson A. Azithromycin therapy in patients with chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and coronary heart disease: immediate and long-term effects on inflammation, coagulation, and lipid status in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur J Intern Med. 2003 Dec;14(8):470-478.

Galbraith S, Cameron B, Li H, Lau D, Vollmer-Conna U, Lloyd AR. Peripheral blood gene expression in postinfective fatigue syndrome following from three different triggering infections. J Infect Dis. 2011 Nov 15;204(10):1632-40. Epub 2011 Sep 29.

Galland BC, Jackson PM, Sayers RM, Taylor BJ. A matched case control study of orthostatic intolerance in children/adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome. Pediatr Res. 2008 Feb;63(2):196-202.

Garcia Vilela E, De Lourdes De Abreu Ferrari M, Oswaldo Da Gama Torres H, Guerra Pinto A, Carolina Carneiro Aguirre A, Paiva Martins F, Marcos Andrade Goulart E, Sales Da Cunha A. Influence of Saccharomyces boulardii on the intestinal permeability of patients with Crohn’s disease in remission. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2008;43(7):842-8.

Garelick MG, Kennedy BK. TOR on the brain. Exp Gerontol. 2011 Feb-Mar;46(2-3):155-63. Epub 2010 Sep 16. [Full Text]

Garrido D, Suau A, Pochart P, Cruchet S, Gotteland M. Modulation of the fecal microbiota by the intake of a Lactobacillus johnsonii La1-containing product in human volunteers. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2005 Jul 15;248(2):249-56.

Garrido-Mesa N, Utrilla P, Comalada M, Zorrilla P, Garrido-Mesa J, Zarzuelo A, Rodríguez-Cabezas ME, Gálvez J. The association of minocycline and the probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 results in an additive beneficial effect in a DSS model of reactivated colitis in mice. Biochem Pharmacol. 2011 Dec 15;82(12):1891-900. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Gasser R, Reisinger E, Eber B, Pokan R, Seinost G, Berglöff J, Horwarth R, Sedaj B, Klein W. Cases of Lyme borreliosis resistant to conventional treatment: improved symptoms with cephalosporin plus specific beta-lactamase inhibition. Microb Drug Resist. 1995 Winter;1(4):341-4.

Gaudino EA, Coyle PK, Krupp LB. Post-Lyme syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychiatric similarities and differences. Arch Neurol. 1997 Nov;54(11):1372-6.

Gawrońska A, Dziechciarz P, Horvath A, Szajewska H. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of Lactobacillus GG for abdominal pain disorders in children. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jan 15;25(2):177-84.

Gebhart B, Jorgenson JA. Benefit of ribose in a patient with fibromyalgia. Pharmacotherapy. 2004 Nov;24(11):1646-8.

Gee MI, Grace MG, Wensel RH, Sherbaniuk RW, Thomson AB. Nutritional status of gastroenterology outpatients: comparison of inflammatory bowel disease with functional disorders. J Am Diet Assoc. 1985 Dec;85(12):1591-9.

Georgiades E, Behan WM, Kilduff LP, Hadjicharalambous M, Mackie EE, Wilson J, Ward SA, Pitsiladis YP. Chronic fatigue syndrome: new evidence for a central fatigue disorder. Clin Sci (Lond). 2003 Aug;105(2):213-8.

Gerbeth K, Meins J, Kirste S, Momm F, Schubert-Zsilavecz M, Abdel-Tawab M. Determination of major boswellic acids in plasma by high-pressure liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2011 Dec 15;56(5):998-1005. Epub 2011 Jul 29.

Geusau A, Tschachler E, Meixner M, Sandermann S, Päpke O, Wolf C, Valic E, Stingl G, McLachlan M. Olestra increases faecal excretion of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Lancet. 1999 Oct 9;354(9186):1266-7.

Ghadimi D, Fölster-Holst R, de Vrese M, Winkler P, Heller KJ, Schrezenmeir J. Effects of probiotic bacteria and their genomic DNA on TH1/TH2-cytokine production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of healthy and allergic subjects. Immunobiology. 2008;213(8):677-92. Epub 2008 Apr 2.

Gherardi RK, Authier FJ. Macrophagic myofasciitis: characterization and pathophysiology. Lupus. 2012 Feb;21(2):184-9.

Ghosh S, Das Sarma M, Patra A, Hazra B. Anti-inflammatory and anticancer compounds isolated from Ventilago madraspatana Gaertn., Rubia cordifolia Linn. and Lantana camara Linn. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2010 Sep;62(9):1158-66.

Ghoshal UC, Ranjan P. Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome: the past, the present and the future. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Apr;26 Suppl 3:94-101. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2011.06643.x.

Gill HS, Rutherfurd KJ, Prasad J, Gopal PK. Enhancement of natural and acquired immunity by Lactobacillus rhamnosus (HN001), Lactobacillus acidophilus (HN017) and Bifidobacterium lactis (HN019). Br J Nutr. 2000 Feb;83(2):167-76.

Gillis JC, Brogden RN. Rifaximin. A review of its antibacterial activity, pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic potential in conditions mediated by gastrointestinal bacteria. Drugs. 1995 Mar;49(3):467-84.

Gilula MF. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation and fibromyalgia. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2007 Jul;4(4):489-95.

Giorgio V, Petronilli V, Ghelli A, Carelli V, Rugolo M, Lenaz G, Bernardi P. The effects of idebenone on mitochondrial bioenergetics. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Feb;1817(2):363-9. Epub 2011 Nov 4. [Full Text]

Girardin M, Seidman EG. Indications for the use of probiotics in gastrointestinal diseases. Dig Dis. 2011;29(6):574-87. Epub 2011 Dec 12.

Glaser R, Padgett DA, Litsky ML, Baiocchi RA, Yang EV, Chen M, Yeh PE, Klimas NG, Marshall GD, Whiteside T, Herberman R, Kiecolt-Glaser J, Williams MV. Stress-associated changes in the steady-state expression of latent Epstein-Barr virus: implications for chronic fatigue syndrome and cancer. Brain Behav Immun. 2005 Mar;19(2):91-103.

Glavina D, Gorseta K, Skrinjarić I, Vranić DN, Mehulić K, Kozul K. Effect of LGG yoghurt on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus spp. salivary counts in children. Coll Antropol. 2012 Mar;36(1):129-32.

Goertzel BN, Pennachin C, de Souza Coelho L, Gurbaxani B, Maloney EM, Jones JF. Combinations of single nucleotide polymorphisms in neuroendocrine effector and receptor genes predict chronic fatigue syndrome. Pharmacogenomics. 2006 Apr;7(3):475-83.

Goettsch W, van Pelt W, Nagelkerke N, Hendrix MG, Buiting AG, Petit PL, Sabbe LJ, van Griethuysen AJ, de Neeling AJ. Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolones in escherichia coli from urinary tract infections in the netherlands. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2000 Aug;46(2):223-8.

Gómez Vera J, Chávez Sánchez R, Flores Sandoval G, Orea Solano M, López Tiro JJ, Santiago Santos AD, Espinosa Padilla S, Espinosa Rosales F, Huerta J, Ortega Martell JA, Berrón Pérez R, Estrada García A, Pérez Tapia M, Rodríguez Flores A, Serrano Miranda E, Pineda García O, Andaluz C, Cervantes Trujano E, Portugués Díaz A, Barrientos Zamudio J, Cano Ortíz L, Serafín López J, Jiménez Martínez Mdel C, Aguilar Velázquez G, Garfias Becerra Y, Santacruz Valdéz C, Aguilar Ángeles D, Rojo Guiérrez MI, Aguilar Santelises M, Estrada Parra S. Transfer factor and allergy. Rev Alerg Mex. 2010 Nov-Dec;57(6):208-14.

Gong D, Geng C, Jiang L, Wang L, Yoshimura H, Zhong L. Mechanisms of olive leaf extract-ameliorated rat arthritis caused by kaolin and carrageenan. Phytother Res. 2012 Mar;26(3):397-402. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3567. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Goodnick PJ, Sandoval R. Psychotropic treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome and related disorders. J Clin Psychiatry. 1993 Jan;54(1):13-20.

Gorbach SL, Cornick NA, Silva M. Effect of bismuth subsalicylate on fecal microflora. Rev Infect Dis. 1990 Jan-Feb;12 Suppl 1:S21-3.

Grandhi A, Mujumdar AM, Patwardhan B. <a href="; title="The aqueous suspensi…t in Ginseng (P < 0.001) and Ashwagandha (P < 0.01) treated groups, however, the weight gain of dried levator ani muscles showed comparable results for both these drugs (P A comparative pharmacological investigation of Ashwagandha and Ginseng. J Ethnopharmacol. 1994 Dec;44(3):131-5.

Gräns H, Nilsson M, Dahlman-Wright K, Evengård B. Reduced levels of oestrogen receptor beta mRNA in Swedish patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Pathol. 2007 Feb;60(2):195-8. Epub 2006 May 26. [Full Text]

Greco A, Tannock C, Brostoff J, Costa DC. Brain MR in chronic fatigue syndrome. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1997 Aug;18(7):1265-9.

Greco TP Jr, Conti-Kelly AM, Greco TP. Antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with purported ‘chronic Lyme disease’. Lupus. 2011 Nov;20(13):1372-7. Epub 2011 Jul 5.

Greenberger PA. 8. Drug allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Feb;117(2 Suppl Mini-Primer):S464-70.

Griffin GE. Cytokines involved in human septic shock–the model of the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1998 Jan;41 Suppl A:25-9.

Griffin MO, Fricovsky E, Ceballos G, Villarreal F. Tetracyclines: a pleitropic family of compounds with promising therapeutic properties. Review of the literature. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2010 Sep;299(3):C539-48. Epub 2010 Jun 30. [Full Text]

Griffith RS, DeLong DC, Nelson JD. Relation of arginine-lysine antagonism to herpes simplex growth in tissue culture. Chemotherapy. 1981;27(3):209-13.

Grolier P, Borel P, Duszka C, Lory S, Alexandre-Gouabau MC, Azais-Braesco V, Nugon-Baudon L. The bioavailability of alpha- and beta-carotene is affected by gut microflora in the rat. Br J Nutr. 1998 Aug;80(2):199-204.

Gronbach K, Eberle U, Müller M, Olschläger TA, Dobrindt U, Leithäuser F, Niess JH, Döring G, Reimann J, Autenrieth IB, Frick JS. Safety of probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 depends on intestinal microbiota and adaptive immunity of the host. Infect Immun. 2010 Jul;78(7):3036-46. Epub 2010 Apr 26. [Full Text]

Groom HC, Bishop KN. The tale of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus. J Gen Virol. 2012 May;93(Pt 5):915-24. Epub 2012 Feb 22.

Grossi E, Buresta R, Abbiati R, Cerutti R; Pro-DIA study group. Clinical trial on the efficacy of a new symbiotic formulation, Flortec, in patients with acute diarrhea: a multicenter, randomized study in primary care. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010 Sep;44 Suppl 1:S35-41.

Grubb BP, Karabin B. New onset postural tachycardia syndrome following lightning injury. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2007 Aug;30(8):1036-8.

Guéniche A, Philippe D, Bastien P, Blum S, Buyukpamukcu E, Castiel-Higounenc I. Probiotics for photoprotection. Dermatoendocrinol. 2009 Sep;1(5):275-9. [Full Text]

Guerrier G, Doherty T. Comparison of antibiotic regimens for treating louse-borne relapsing fever: a meta-analysis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2011 Sep;105(9):483-90. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Guglielmetti S, Mora D, Gschwender M, Popp K. Randomised clinical trial: Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 significantly alleviates irritable bowel syndrome and improves quality of life–a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 May;33(10):1123-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2011.04633.x. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Guigoz Y, Doré J, Schiffrin EJ. The inflammatory status of old age can be nurtured from the intestinal environment. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2008 Jan;11(1):13-20.

Guillard O, Fauconneau B, Pineau A, Marrauld A, Bellocq JP, Chenard MP. Aluminium overload after 5 years in skin biopsy following post-vaccination with subcutaneous pseudolymphoma. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2012 Oct;26(4):291-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2012.02.005. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Guo B, Harstall C, Louie T, Veldhuyzen van Zanten S, Dieleman LA. Systematic review: faecal transplantation for the treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Apr;35(8):865-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05033.x. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Guo CH, Wang CL. Plasma aluminum is a risk factor for oxidative stress and inflammation status in hemodialysis patients. Clin Biochem. 2011 Nov;44(16):1309-14. Epub 2011 Aug 25.

Guobis Ž, Kareivienė V, Basevičienė N, Paipalienė P, Niedzelskienė I, Sabalys G, Kubilius R, Gervickas A. Microflora of the oral cavity in patients with xerostomia. Medicina (Kaunas). 2011;47(12):646-51.

Gupta A, Vij G, Sharma S, Tirkey N, Rishi P, Chopra K. Curcumin, a polyphenolic antioxidant, attenuates chronic fatigue syndrome in murine water immersion stress model. Immunobiology. 2009;214(1):33-9. Epub 2008 Jun 17.

Gupta GL, Rana AC. Protective effect of Withania somnifera dunal root extract against protracted social isolation induced behavior in rats. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2007 Oct-Dec;51(4):345-53.

Gupta SC, Patchva S, Koh W, Aggarwal BB. Discovery of curcumin, a component of golden spice, and its miraculous biological activities. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2012 Mar;39(3):283-99. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2011.05648.x.

Gur A, Oktayoglu P. Central nervous system abnormalities in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome: new concepts in treatment. Curr Pharm Des. 2008;14(13):1274-94.

Gürsoy S, Erdal E, Sezgin M, Barlas IO, Aydeniz A, Alaşehirli B, Sahin G. Which genotype of MAO gene that the patients have are likely to be most susceptible to the symptoms of fibromyalgia? Rheumatol Int. 2008 Feb;28(4):307-11. Epub 2007 Sep 20.

Guslandi M, Giollo P, Testoni PA. A pilot trial of Saccharomyces boulardii in ulcerative colitis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2003 Jun;15(6):697-8.

Guslandi M, Mezzi G, Sorghi M, Testoni PA. Saccharomyces boulardii in maintenance treatment of Crohn’s disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2000 Jul;45(7):1462-4.

Guslandi M. Rifaximin in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Nov 14;17(42):4643-6. [Full Text]

Gutiérrez-Fernández M, Leciñana MA, Rodríguez-Frutos B, Ramos-Cejudo J, Roda JM, Díez-Tejedor E. CDP-choline at high doses is as effective as i.v. thrombolysis in experimental animal stroke. Neurol Res. 2012 Sep;34(7):649-56. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Ha SK, Moon E, Ju MS, Kim DH, Ryu JH, Oh MS, Kim SY. 6-Shogaol, a ginger product, modulates neuroinflammation: a new approach to neuroprotection. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Aug;63(2):211-23. Epub 2012 Mar 23.

Haldorsen K, Bjelland I, Bolstad AI, Jonsson R, Brun JG. A five-year prospective study of fatigue in primary Sjögren’s syndrome. Arthritis Res Ther. 2011;13(5):R167. Epub 2011 Oct 13. [Full Text]

Halperin JJ, Shapiro ED, Logigian E, Belman AL, Dotevall L, Wormser GP, Krupp L, Gronseth G, Bever CT Jr; Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Practice parameter: treatment of nervous system Lyme disease (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2007 Jul 3;69(1):91-102. Epub 2007 May 23.

Halpin SJ, Ford AC. Prevalence of symptoms meeting criteria for irritable bowel syndrome in inflammatory bowel disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Oct;107(10):1474-82. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2012.260. Epub 2012 Aug 28.

Hamasaki Y, Shafigeh M, Yamamoto S, Sato R, Zaitu M, Muro E, Kobayashi I, Ichimaru T, Tasaki H, Miyazaki S. Inhibition of leukotriene synthesis by azelastine. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1996 May;76(5):469-75.

Hamilos DL, Nutter D, Gershtenson J, Redmond DP, Clementi JD, Schmaling KB, Make BJ, Jones JF. Core body temperature is normal in chronic fatigue syndrome. Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Feb 15;43(4):293-302.

Hammer HF. Gut microbiota and inflammatory bowel disease. Dig Dis. 2011;29(6):550-3. Epub 2011 Dec 12.

Hannan KL, Berg DE, Baumzweiger W, Harrison HH, Berg LH, Ramirez R, Nichols D. Activation of the coagulation system in Gulf War Illness: a potential pathophysiologic link with chronic fatigue syndrome. A laboratory approach to diagnosis. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2000 Oct;11(7):673-8.

Hansen R, Russell RK, Reiff C, Louis P, McIntosh F, Berry SH, Mukhopadhya I, Bisset WM, Barclay AR, Bishop J, Flynn DM, McGrogan P, Loganathan S, Mahdi G, Flint HJ, El-Omar EM, Hold GL. Microbiota of De-Novo Pediatric IBD: Increased Faecalibacterium Prausnitzii and Reduced Bacterial Diversity in Crohn’s But Not in Ulcerative Colitis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Oct 9. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2012.335. [Epub ahead of print]

Hanus LO, Rezanka T, Dembitsky VM, Moussaieff A. Myrrh–Commiphora chemistry. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2005 Jun;149(1):3-27.

Hao Z, Liu M, Counsell C, Wardlaw JM, Lin S, Zhao X. Fibrinogen depleting agents for acute ischaemic stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Mar 14;3:CD000091.

Harmon DL, McMaster D, McCluskey DR, Shields D, Whitehead AS. A common genetic variant affecting folate metabolism is not over-represented in chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Clin Biochem. 1997 Jul;34 ( Pt 4):427-9.

Harmsen HJ, Pouwels SD, Funke A, Bos NA, Dijkstra G. Crohn’s disease patients have more IgG-binding fecal bacteria than controls. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2012 Apr;19(4):515-21. Epub 2012 Feb 15. [Full Text]

Harmsen MC, Swart PJ, de Béthune MP, Pauwels R, De Clercq E, The TH, Meijer DK. Antiviral effects of plasma and milk proteins: lactoferrin shows potent activity against both human immunodeficiency virus and human cytomegalovirus replication in vitro. J Infect Dis. 1995 Aug;172(2):380-8.

Harris RJ, Storm PA, Lloyd A, Arens M, Marmion BP. Long-term persistence of Coxiella burnetii in the host after primary Q fever. Epidemiol Infect. 2000 Jun;124(3):543-9. [Full Text]

Hartemink R, Van Laere KM, Rombouts FM. Growth of enterobacteria on fructo-oligosaccharides. J Appl Microbiol. 1997 Sep;83(3):367-74.

Hartkamp A, Geenen R, Godaert GL, Bootsma H, Kruize AA, Bijlsma JW, Derksen RH. Effect of dehydroepiandrosterone administration on fatigue, well-being, and functioning in women with primary Sjögren syndrome: a randomised controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2008 Jan;67(1):91-7. Epub 2007 Jun 1.

Hartz AJ, Bentler S, Noyes R, Hoehns J, Logemann C, Sinift S, Butani Y, Wang W, Brake K, Ernst M, Kautzman H. Randomized controlled trial of Siberian ginseng for chronic fatigue. Psychol Med. 2004 Jan;34(1):51-61.

Hassoun PM, Thompson BT, Hales CA. Partial reversal of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension by heparin. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1992 Jan;145(1):193-6.

Hatakka K, Savilahti E, Pönkä A, Meurman JH, Poussa T, Näse L, Saxelin M, Korpela R. Effect of long term consumption of probiotic milk on infections in children attending day care centres: double blind, randomised trial. BMJ. 2001 Jun 2;322(7298):1327. [Full Text]

Hawk C, Jason LA, Torres-Harding S. Differential diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome and major depressive disorder. Int J Behav Med. 2006;13(3):244-51.

He R, Mott BT, Rosenthal AS, Genna DT, Posner GH, Arav-Boger R. An artemisinin-derived dimer has highly potent anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) and anti-cancer activities. PLoS One. 2011;6(8):e24334. Epub 2011 Aug 31. [Full Text]

He X, Mekasha S, Mavrogiorgos N, Fitzgerald KA, Lien E, Ingalls RR. Inflammation and fibrosis during Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is regulated by IL-1 and the NLRP3/ASC inflammasome. J Immunol. 2010 May 15;184(10):5743-54. Epub 2010 Apr 14. [Full Text]

Hedlund E. The protective effects of β-lactam antibiotics in motor neuron disorders. Exp Neurol. 2011 Sep;231(1):14-8. Epub 2011 Jun 13.

Heim C, Nater UM, Maloney E, Boneva R, Jones JF, Reeves WC. Childhood trauma and risk for chronic fatigue syndrome: association with neuroendocrine dysfunction. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009 Jan;66(1):72-80.

Heim C, Wagner D, Maloney E, Papanicolaou DA, Solomon L, Jones JF, Unger ER, Reeves WC. Early adverse experience and risk for chronic fatigue syndrome: results from a population-based study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Nov;63(11):1258-66.

Hergenhahn M, Soto U, Weninger A, Polack A, Hsu CH, Cheng AL, Rösl F. The chemopreventive compound curcumin is an efficient inhibitor of Epstein-Barr virus BZLF1 transcription in Raji DR-LUC cells. Mol Carcinog. 2002 Mar;33(3):137-45.

Herrmann M, Schölmerich J, Straub RH. Stress and rheumatic diseases. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2000 Nov;26(4):737-63, viii.

Himmel PB, Seligman TM. A pilot study employing Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Rheumatol. 1999 Apr;5(2):56-9.

Ho RT, Chan JS, Wang CW, Lau BW, So KF, Yuen LP, Sham JS, Chan CL. <a href="; title="BACKGROUND: Chronic …rol group (p A randomized controlled trial of qigong exercise on fatigue symptoms, functioning, and telomerase activity in persons with chronic fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome. Ann Behav Med. 2012 Oct;44(2):160-70. doi: 10.1007/s12160-012-9381-6. [Full Text]

Hoad A, Spickett G, Elliott J, Newton J. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome is an under-recognized condition in chronic fatigue syndrome. QJM. 2008 Dec;101(12):961-5. Epub 2008 Sep 19.

Hoekstra KA, Kelly MT. Elevated troponin and jarisch-herxheimer reaction in tick-borne relapsing Fever: a case report. Case Rep Infect Dis. 2011;2011:950314. Epub 2011 Oct 9. [Full Text]

Høiby N, Bjarnsholt T, Givskov M, Molin S, Ciofu O. Antibiotic resistance of bacterial biofilms. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2010 Apr;35(4):322-32. Epub 2010 Feb 10.

Høiby N, Ciofu O, Johansen HK, Song ZJ, Moser C, Jensen PØ, Molin S, Givskov M, Tolker-Nielsen T, Bjarnsholt T. The clinical impact of bacterial biofilms. Int J Oral Sci. 2011 Apr;3(2):55-65. doi: 10.4248/IJOS11026. [Full Text]

Hojsak I, Snovak N, Abdović S, Szajewska H, Misak Z, Kolacek S. Lactobacillus GG in the prevention of gastrointestinal and respiratory tract infections in children who attend day care centers: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Clin Nutr. 2010 Jun;29(3):312-6. Epub 2009 Nov 5.

Hokama Y, Empey-Campora C, Hara C, Higa N, Siu N, Lau R, Kuribayashi T, Yabusaki K. Acute phase phospholipids related to the cardiolipin of mitochondria in the sera of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), chronic Ciguatera fish poisoning (CCFP), and other diseases attributed to chemicals, Gulf War, and marine toxins. J Clin Lab Anal. 2008;22(2):99-105.

Hokama Y, Uto GA, Palafox NA, Enlander D, Jordan E, Cocchetto A. Chronic phase lipids in sera of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), chronic ciguatera fish poisoning (CCFP), hepatitis B, and cancer with antigenic epitope resembling ciguatoxin, as assessed with MAb-CTX. J Clin Lab Anal. 2003;17(4):132-9.

Hollingsworth KG, Hodgson T, Macgowan GA, Blamire AM, Newton JL. Impaired cardiac function in chronic fatigue syndrome measured using magnetic resonance cardiac tagging. J Intern Med. 2012 Mar;271(3):264-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02429.x. Epub 2011 Aug 15.

Holmes GP, Kaplan JE, Stewart JA, Hunt B, Pinsky PF, Schonberger LB. A cluster of patients with a chronic mononucleosis-like syndrome. Is Epstein-Barr virus the cause? JAMA. 1987 May 1;257(17):2297-302.

Holton KF, Taren DL, Thomson CA, Bennett RM, Jones KD. The effect of dietary glutamate on fibromyalgia and irritable bowel symptoms. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2012 Jul 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Honda H, Nagai Y, Matsunaga T, Saitoh S, Akashi-Takamura S, Hayashi H, Fujii I, Miyake K, Muraguchi A, Takatsu K. Glycyrrhizin and isoliquiritigenin suppress the LPS sensor toll-like receptor 4/MD-2 complex signaling in a different manner. J Leukoc Biol. 2012 Jun;91(6):967-76. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Hong SH, Wang X, O’Connor HF, Benedik MJ, Wood TK. Bacterial persistence increases as environmental fitness decreases. Microb Biotechnol. 2012 Jul;5(4):509-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7915.2011.00327.x. Epub 2012 Jan 6. [Full Text]

Hoover WW, Gerlach EH, Hoban DJ, Eliopoulos GM, Pfaller MA, Jones RN. Antimicrobial activity and spectrum of rifaximin, a new topical rifamycin derivative. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Feb;16(2):111-8.

Hopkins MJ, Macfarlane GT. Changes in predominant bacterial populations in human faeces with age and with Clostridium difficile infection. J Med Microbiol. 2002 May;51(5):448-54.

Hosoi T, Okuma Y, Nomura Y. The mechanisms of immune-to-brain communication in inflammation as a drug target. Curr Drug Targets Inflamm Allergy. 2002 Sep;1(3):257-62.

Huang JR, Wu CC, Hou RC, Jeng KC. Bromelain inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine production in human THP-1 monocytes via the removal of CD14. Immunol Invest. 2008;37(4):263-77.

Huang LC, Hsu SY, Lin E. A comparison of classification methods for predicting Chronic Fatigue Syndrome based on genetic data. J Transl Med. 2009 Sep 22;7:81. [Full Text]

Huang SC, Lee FT, Kuo TY, Yang JH, Chien CT. Attenuation of long-term Rhodiola rosea supplementation on exhaustive swimming-evoked oxidative stress in the rat. Chin J Physiol. 2009 Oct 31;52(5):316-24.

Hudnell HK. Chronic biotoxin-associated illness: multiple-system symptoms, a vision deficit, and effective treatment. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2005 Sep-Oct;27(5):733-43. Epub 2005 Aug 15.

Huebner C, Ding Y, Petermann I, Knapp C, Ferguson LR. The probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 reduces pathogen invasion and modulates cytokine expression in Caco-2 cells infected with Crohn’s disease-associated E. coli LF82. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011 Apr;77(7):2541-4. Epub 2011 Feb 11. [Full Text]

Hun L. Bacillus coagulans significantly improved abdominal pain and bloating in patients with IBS. Postgrad Med. 2009 Mar;121(2):119-24.

Hunskar GS, Langeland N, Wensaas KA, Hanevik K, Eide GE, Mørch K, Rortveit G. The impact of atopic disease on the risk of post-infectious fatigue and irritable bowel syndrome 3 years after Giardia infection. A historic cohort study. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2012 Sep;8-9(47):956-61. doi: 10.3109/00365521.2012.696681. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Hurley JC. Antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin: a reappraisal. Clin Infect Dis. 1992 Nov;15(5):840-54.

Hurley JC. Antibiotic-induced release of endotoxin. A therapeutic paradox. Drug Saf. 1995 Mar;12(3):183-95.

Hurum H, Sulheim D, Thaulow E, Wyller VB. Elevated nocturnal blood pressure and heart rate in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Feb;100(2):289-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.02073.x. Epub 2010 Nov 17.

Hurwitz BE, Coryell VT, Parker M, Martin P, Laperriere A, Klimas NG, Sfakianakis GN, Bilsker MS. Chronic fatigue syndrome: illness severity, sedentary lifestyle, blood volume and evidence of diminished cardiac function. Clin Sci (Lond). 2009 Oct 19;118(2):125-35.

Hussain SA, Al-Khalifa II, Jasim NA, Gorial FI. Adjuvant use of melatonin for treatment of fibromyalgia. J Pineal Res. 2011 Apr;50(3):267-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-079X.2010.00836.x. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Hussein G, Miyashiro H, Nakamura N, Hattori M, Kakiuchi N, Shimotohno K. Inhibitory effects of sudanese medicinal plant extracts on hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease. Phytother Res. 2000 Nov;14(7):510-6.

Hwang CM, Kim DI, Huh SH, Min BG, Park JH, Han JS, Lee BB, Kim YI, Ryu ES, Kim JW. In vivo evaluation of lumbrokinase, a fibrinolytic enzyme extracted from Lumbricus rubellus, in a prosthetic vascular graft. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2002 Dec;43(6):891-4.

Hyde JA, Trzeciakowski JP, Skare JT. Borrelia burgdorferi alters its gene expression and antigenic profile in response to CO2 levels. J Bacteriol. 2007 Jan;189(2):437-45. Epub 2006 Nov 10. [Full Text]

Hyneck ML. Simple acid-base disorders. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1985 Sep;42(9):1992-2004.

Ichimura K, Shimazaki Y, Ishibashi T, Higo R. Effect of new macrolide roxithromycin upon nasal polyps associated with chronic sinusitis. Auris Nasus Larynx. 1996;23:48-56.

Ichise M, Salit IE, Abbey SE, Chung DG, Gray B, Kirsh JC, Freedman M. Assessment of regional cerebral perfusion by 99Tcm-HMPAO SPECT in chronic fatigue syndrome. Nucl Med Commun. 1992 Oct;13(10):767-72.

Iebba V, Conte MP, Lepanto MS, Di Nardo G, Santangelo F, Aloi M, Totino V, Checchi MP, Longhi C, Cucchiara S, Schippa S. Microevolution in fimH gene of mucosa-associated Escherichia coli strains isolated from pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Infect Immun. 2012 Apr;80(4):1408-17. Epub 2012 Jan 30. [Full Text]

Ikeda Y, Biro S, Kamogawa Y, Yoshifuku S, Eto H, Orihara K, Kihara T, Tei C. Repeated thermal therapy upregulates arterial endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in Syrian golden hamsters. Jpn Circ J. 2001 May;65(5):434-8.

Ikeda Y, Biro S, Kamogawa Y, Yoshifuku S, Eto H, Orihara K, Yu B, Kihara T, Miyata M, Hamasaki S, Otsuji Y, Minagoe S, Tei C. Repeated sauna therapy increases arterial endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression and nitric oxide production in cardiomyopathic hamsters. Circ J. 2005 Jun;69(6):722-9.

Ikuta K, Yamada T, Shimomura T, Kuratsune H, Kawahara R, Ikawa S, Ohnishi E, Sokawa Y, Fukushi H, Hirai K, Watanabe Y, Kurata T, Kitani T, Sairenji T. Diagnostic evaluation of 2′, 5′-oligoadenylate synthetase activities and antibodies against Epstein-Barr virus and Coxiella burnetii in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome in Japan. Microbes Infect. 2003 Oct;5(12):1096-102.

Imadome K, Fukuda A, Kawano F, Imai Y, Ichikawa S, Mochizuki M, Shigeta T, Kakiuchi T, Sakamoto S, Kasahara M, Fujiwara S. Effective control of Epstein-Barr virus infection following pediatric liver transplantation by monitoring of viral DNA load and lymphocyte surface markers. Pediatr Transplant. 2012 Nov;16(7):748-57. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2012.01750.x. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Inagaki Y, Nakaya R, Chida T, Hashimoto S. The effect of levofloxacin, an optically-active isomer of ofloxacin, on fecal microflora in human volunteers. Jpn J Antibiot. 1992 Mar;45(3):241-52.

Inbar O, Dlin R, Rotstein A, Whipp BJ. Physiological responses to incremental exercise in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001 Sep;33(9):1463-70.

Inder WJ, Prickett TC, Mulder RT. Normal opioid tone and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in chronic fatigue syndrome despite marked functional impairment. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2005 Mar;62(3):343-8.

Iwakami E, Arashima Y, Kato K, Komiya T, Matsukawa Y, Ikeda T, Arakawa Y, Oshida S. Treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome with antibiotics: pilot study assessing the involvement of Coxiella burnetii infection. Intern Med. 2005 Dec;44(12):1258-63.

Jacobsen S, Danneskiold-Samsøe B, Andersen RB. Oral S-adenosylmethionine in primary fibromyalgia. Double-blind clinical evaluation. Scand J Rheumatol. 1991;20(4):294-302.

Jacobson W, Saich T, Borysiewicz LK, Behan WM, Behan PO, Wreghitt TG. Serum folate and chronic fatigue syndrome. Neurology. 1993 Dec;43(12):2645-7.

Jakobsen TH, Bragason SK, Phipps RK, Christensen LD, van Gennip M, Alhede M, Skindersoe M, Larsen TO, Høiby N, Bjarnsholt T, Givskov M. Food as a source for quorum sensing inhibitors: iberin from horseradish revealed as a quorum sensing inhibitor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012 Apr;78(7):2410-21. Epub 2012 Jan 27. [Full Text]

Jambou R, El-Assaad F, Combes V, Grau GE. Citicoline (CDP-choline): What role in the treatment of complications of infectious diseases. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Jul;41(7):1467-70. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

Janal MN, Ciccone DS, Natelson BH. Sub-typing CFS patients on the basis of ‘minor’ symptoms. Biol Psychol. 2006 Aug;73(2):124-31. Epub 2006 Feb 10.

Janczewska I, Bartnik W, Butruk E, Tomecki R, Kazik E, Ostrowski J. Metabolism of vitamin A in inflammatory bowel disease. Hepatogastroenterology. 1991 Oct;38(5):391-5.

Jandacek RJ, Rider T, Keller ER, Tso P. The effect of olestra on the absorption, excretion and storage of 2,2′,5,5′ tetrachlorobiphenyl; 3,3′,4,4′ tetrachlorobiphenyl; and perfluorooctanoic acid. Environ Int. 2010 Nov;36(8):880-3. Epub 2009 Jul 17. [Full Text]

Jason L, Porter N, Shelleby E, Till L, Bell DS, Lapp CW, Rowe K, De Meirleir K. Severe versus Moderate criteria for the new pediatric case definition for ME/CFS. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2009 Dec;40(4):609-20. Epub 2009 Jun 10.

Jason LA, Paavola E, Porter N, Morello ML. Frequency and content analysis of chronic fatigue syndrome in medical text books. Aust J Prim Health. 2010;16(2):174-8.

Jason LA, Porter N, Hunnell J, Brown A, Rademaker A, Richman JA. A natural history study of chronic fatigue syndrome. Rehabil Psychol. 2011 Feb;56(1):32-42. [Full Text]

Jason LA, Taylor RR, Kennedy CL. Chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, and multiple chemical sensitivities in a community-based sample of persons with chronic fatigue syndrome-like symptoms. Psychosom Med. 2000 Sep-Oct;62(5):655-63.

Jayaraman R. Bacterial persistence: some new insights into an old phenomenon. J Biosci. 2008 Dec;33(5):795-805.

Jensen SR, Fink LN, Nielsen OH, Brynskov J, Brix S. Ex vivo intestinal adhesion of Escherichia coli LF82 in Crohn’s disease. Microb Pathog. 2011 Dec;51(6):426-31. Epub 2011 Sep 6.

Jerjes WK, Cleare AJ, Wessely S, Wood PJ, Taylor NF. Diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol and cortisone output in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Affect Disord. 2005 Aug;87(2-3):299-304.

Jerjes WK, Taylor NF, Peters TJ, Wessely S, Cleare AJ. Urinary cortisol and cortisol metabolite excretion in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med. 2006 Jul-Aug;68(4):578-82.

Jiang X, Williams KM, Liauw WS, Ammit AJ, Roufogalis BD, Duke CC, Day RO, McLachlan AJ. Effect of ginkgo and ginger on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin in healthy subjects. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Apr;59(4):425-32. [Full Text]

Jin L, Jin H, Zhang G, Xu G. Changes in coagulation and tissue plasminogen activator after the treatment of cerebral infarction with lumbrokinase. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2000;23(2-4):213-8.

Jin LJ, Schlesinger F, Guan Q, Song YP, Nie ZY. The two different effects of the potential neuroprotective compound minocycline on AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Pharmacology. 2012;89(3-4):156-62. doi: 10.1159/000336773. Epub 2012 Mar 12.

Jöckel S, Nees G, Sommer R, Zhao Y, Cherkasov D, Hori H, Ehm G, Schnare M, Nain M, Kaufmann A, Bauer S. The 2′-O-methylation status of a single guanosine controls transfer RNA-mediated Toll-like receptor 7 activation or inhibition. J Exp Med. 2012 Feb 13;209(2):235-41. Epub 2012 Feb 6. [Full Text]

Johansson PI, Stensballe J, Rasmussen LS, Ostrowski SR. High circulating adrenaline levels at admission predict increased mortality after trauma. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Feb;72(2):428-36.

Johnson RC, Kodner C, Russell M, Girard D. In-vitro and in-vivo susceptibility of Borrelia burgdorferi to azithromycin. J Antimicrob Chemother. 1990 Jan;25 Suppl A:33-8.

Johnson RC, Kodner C, Russell M. In vitro and in vivo susceptibility of the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, to four antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1987 Feb;31(2):164-7. [Full Text]

Johnson RC, Kodner CB, Jurkovich PJ, Collins JJ. Comparative in vitro and in vivo susceptibilities of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi to cefuroxime and other antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Nov;34(11):2133-6. [Full Text]

Jones DE, Hollingsworth KG, Jakovljevic DG, Fattakhova G, Pairman J, Blamire AM, Trenell MI, Newton JL. Loss of capacity to recover from acidosis on repeat exercise in chronic fatigue syndrome: a case-control study. Eur J Clin Invest. 2012 Feb;42(2):186-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02567.x. Epub 2011 Jul 12.

Jones DE, Hollingsworth KG, Taylor R, Blamire AM, Newton JL. Abnormalities in pH handling by peripheral muscle and potential regulation by the autonomic nervous system in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Intern Med. 2010 Apr;267(4):394-401.

Jones MG, Cooper E, Amjad S, Goodwin CS, Barron JL, Chalmers RA. Urinary and plasma organic acids and amino acids in chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Chim Acta. 2005 Nov;361(1-2):150-8.

Jonkers D, Penders J, Masclee A, Pierik M. Probiotics in the management of inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review of intervention studies in adult patients. Drugs. 2012 Apr 16;72(6):803-23. doi: 10.2165/11632710-000000000-00000.

Jonsson R, Gordon TP, Konttinen YT. Recent advances in understanding molecular mechanisms in the pathogenesis and antibody profile of Sjögren’s syndrome. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2003 Aug;5(4):311-6.

Jönsson T, Ahrén B, Pacini G, Sundler F, Wierup N, Steen S, Sjöberg T, Ugander M, Frostegård J, Göransson L, Lindeberg S. A Paleolithic diet confers higher insulin sensitivity, lower C-reactive protein and lower blood pressure than a cereal-based diet in domestic pigs. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2006 Nov 2;3:39. [Full Text]

Jönsson T, Granfeldt Y, Ahrén B, Branell UC, Pålsson G, Hansson A, Söderström M, Lindeberg S. Beneficial effects of a Paleolithic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: a randomized cross-over pilot study. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2009 Jul 16;8:35. [Full Text]

Jozefiak D, Rutkowski A, Kaczmarek S, Jensen BB, Engberg RM, Højberg O. Effect of β -glucanase and xylanase supplementation of barley- and rye-based diets on caecal microbiota of broiler chickens. Br Poult Sci. 2010 Aug;51(4):546-57.

Kabir MA, Ishaque SM, Ali MS, Mahmuduzzaman M, Hasan M. Role of Saccharomyces boulardii in diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome. Mymensingh Med J. 2011 Jul;20(3):397-401.

Kager L, Ljungdahl I, Malmborg AS, Nord CE. Effect of tinidazole prophylaxis on the normal microflora in patients undergoing colorectal surgery. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1981;26:84-91.

Kalliomäki M, Salminen S, Arvilommi H, Kero P, Koskinen P, Isolauri E. Probiotics in primary prevention of atopic disease: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2001 Apr 7;357(9262):1076-9.

Kälvegren H, Andersson J, Grenegård M, Bengtsson T. Platelet activation triggered by Chlamydia pneumoniae is antagonized by 12-lipoxygenase inhibitors but not cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Jul 2;566(1-3):20-7. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Kamaraj C, Kaushik NK, Rahuman AA, Mohanakrishnan D, Bagavan A, Elango G, Zahir AA, Santhoshkumar T, Marimuthu S, Jayaseelan C, Kirthi AV, Rajakumar G, Velayutham K, Sahal D. Antimalarial activities of medicinal plants traditionally used in the villages of Dharmapuri regions of South India. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jun 14;141(3):796-802. Epub 2012 Mar 13.

Kamiyama T, Umino T, Nakamura Y, Itezono Y, Sawairi S, Satoh T, Yokose K. Bacithrocins A, B and C, novel thrombin inhibitors. J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1994 Sep;47(9):959-68.

Kanjwal K, Karabin B, Kanjwal Y, Grubb BP. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome: a rare complication following electrical injury. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2010 Jul;33(7):e59-61. Epub 2009 Dec 10.

Kanjwal K, Karabin B, Kanjwal Y, Grubb BP. Autonomic dysfunction presenting as postural tachycardia syndrome following traumatic brain injury. Cardiol J. 2010;17(5):482-7.

Kapadia GJ, Azuine MA, Tokuda H, Hang E, Mukainaka T, Nishino H, Sridhar R. Inhibitory effect of herbal remedies on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-promoted Epstein-Barr virus early antigen activation. Pharmacol Res. 2002 Mar;45(3):213-20.

Kaplan RF, Trevino RP, Johnson GM, Levy L, Dornbush R, Hu LT, Evans J, Weinstein A, Schmid CH, Klempner MS. Cognitive function in post-treatment Lyme disease: do additional antibiotics help? Neurology. 2003 Jun 24;60(12):1916-22.

Kaplanski G, Granel B, Vaz T, Durand JM. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction complicating the treatment of chronic Q fever endocarditis: elevated TNFalpha and IL-6 serum levels. J Infect. 1998 Jul;37(1):83-4.

Kariv R, Tiomny E, Grenshpon R, Dekel R, Waisman G, Ringel Y, Halpern Z. Low-dose naltreoxone for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a pilot study. Dig Dis Sci. 2006 Dec;51(12):2128-33. Epub 2006 Nov 1.

Karlowsky JA, Kelly LJ, Thornsberry C, Jones ME, Sahm DF. Trends in antimicrobial resistance among urinary tract infection isolates of Escherichia coli from female outpatients in the United States. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2002 Aug;46(8):2540-5. [Full Text]

Kartamyshev SP, Balashov SA, Melkumyants AM. Role of endothelium sensitivity to shear stress in noradrenaline-induced constriction of feline femoral arterial bed under constant flow and constant pressure perfusions. J Vasc Res. 2007;44(1):1-10. Epub 2006 Dec 4.

Katayose Y, Aritake S, Kitamura S, Enomoto M, Hida A, Takahashi K, Mishima K. Carryover effect on next-day sleepiness and psychomotor performance of nighttime administered antihistaminic drugs: a randomized controlled trial. Hum Psychopharmacol. 2012 Jul;27(4):428-36. doi: 10.1002/hup.2244.

Kazmi I, Rahman M, Afzal M, Gupta G, Saleem S, Afzal O, Shaharyar MA, Nautiyal U, Ahmed S, Anwar F. Anti-diabetic potential of ursolic acid stearoyl glucoside: a new triterpenic gycosidic ester from Lantana camara. Fitoterapia. 2012 Jan;83(1):142-6. Epub 2011 Oct 24.

Kearney MF, Spindler J, Wiegand A, Shao W, Anderson EM, Maldarelli F, Ruscetti FW, Mellors JW, Hughes SH, Le Grice SF, Coffin JM. Multiple sources of contamination in samples from patients reported to have XMRV infection. PLoS One. 2012;7(2):e30889. Epub 2012 Feb 20. [Full Text]

Kennedy G, Khan F, Hill A, Underwood C, Belch JJ. Biochemical and vascular aspects of pediatric chronic fatigue syndrome. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2010 Sep;164(9):817-23.

Kennedy G, Norris G, Spence V, McLaren M, Belch JJ. Is chronic fatigue syndrome associated with platelet activation? Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2006 Mar;17(2):89-92.

Kennedy G, Spence V, Underwood C, Belch JJ. <a href="; title="BACKGROUND/AIMS: Man…ncentrations of active TGFbeta1 (p Increased neutrophil apoptosis in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Clin Pathol. 2004 Aug;57(8):891-3. [Full Text]

Kenny TP, Keen CL, Schmitz HH, Gershwin ME. Immune effects of cocoa procyanidin oligomers on peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 Feb;232(2):293-300.

Kenyon JC, Lever AM. XMRV, prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome. Br Med Bull. 2011;98:61-74. Epub 2011 May 6.

Kerr JR, Cunniffe VS, Kelleher P, Coats AJ, Mattey DL. Circulating cytokines and chemokines in acute symptomatic parvovirus B19 infection: negative association between levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and development of B19-associated arthritis. J Med Virol. 2004 Sep;74(1):147-55.

Kerr JR, Gough J, Richards SC, Main J, Enlander D, McCreary M, Komaroff AL, Chia JK. Antibody to parvovirus B19 nonstructural protein is associated with chronic arthralgia in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. J Gen Virol. 2010 Apr;91(Pt 4):893-7. Epub 2009 Dec 9.

Kerr JR, Mattey DL. Preexisting psychological stress predicts acute and chronic fatigue and arthritis following symptomatic parvovirus B19 infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2008 May 1;46(9):e83-7.

Kerr JR, McCoy M, Burke B, Mattey DL, Pravica V, Hutchinson IV. Cytokine gene polymorphisms associated with symptomatic parvovirus B19 infection. J Clin Pathol. 2003 Oct;56(10):725-7. [Full Text]

Kerr JR. Pathogenesis of parvovirus B19 infection: host gene variability, and possible means and effects of virus persistence. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2005 Sep-Oct;52(7-8):335-9.

Keski-Nisula L, Katila ML, Remes S, Heinonen S, Pekkanen J. Intrauterine bacterial growth at birth and risk of asthma and allergic sensitization among offspring at the age of 15 to 17 years. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2009 Jun;123(6):1305-11. Epub 2009 May 7.

Khabbazi T, Mahdavi R, Safa J, Pour-Abdollahi P. Effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation on inflammation, oxidative stress, and serum lipid profile levels in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. J Ren Nutr. 2012 Mar;22(2):244-50. Epub 2011 Sep 10.

Khan KJ, Ullman TA, Ford AC, Abreu MT, Abadir A, Marshall JK, Talley NJ, Moayyedi P. Antibiotic therapy in inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2011 Apr;106(4):661-73. Epub 2011 Mar 15.

Khan R, Adil M, Danishuddin M, Verma PK, Khan AU. In vitro and in vivo inhibition of Streptococcus mutans biofilm by Trachyspermum ammi seeds: an approach of alternative medicine. Phytomedicine. 2012 Jun 15;19(8-9):747-55. Epub 2012 May 26.

Khani S, Motamedifar M, Golmoghaddam H, Hosseini HM, Hashemizadeh Z. In vitro study of the effect of a probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus rhamnosus against herpes simplex virus type 1. Braz J Infect Dis. 2012 Apr;16(2):129-35.

Kim BS, Cho IS, Park SY, Schuller-Levis G, Levis W, Park E. Taurine chloramine inhibits NO and TNF-α production in zymosan plus interferon-γ activated RAW 264.7 cells. J Drugs Dermatol. 2011 Jun;10(6):659-65.

Kim H, Kim JY, Song HS, Park KU, Mun KC, Ha E. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extract inhibits interleukin-17-induced interleukin-6 production via MAPK pathway in human pulmonary epithelial cells. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2011 Jun;383(6):555-62. Epub 2011 Apr 12.

Kim JE, Choi HC, Song HK, Jo SM, Kim DS, Choi SY, Kim YI, Kang TC. Levetiracetam inhibits interleukin-1 beta inflammatory responses in the hippocampus and piriform cortex of epileptic rats. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Mar 3;471(2):94-9. Epub 2010 Jan 18.

Kim JE, Son JE, Jung SK, Kang NJ, Lee CY, Lee KW, Lee HJ. Cocoa polyphenols suppress TNF-α-induced vascular endothelial growth factor expression by inhibiting phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1 (MEK1) activities in mouse epidermal cells. Br J Nutr. 2010 Oct;104(7):957-64. Epub 2010 Jun 16.

Kim JY, Gum SN, Paik JK, Lim HH, Kim KC, Ogasawara K, Inoue K, Park S, Jang Y, Lee JH. Effects of nattokinase on blood pressure: a randomized, controlled trial. Hypertens Res. 2008 Aug;31(8):1583-8.

Kim K, Kim KH, Kim HY, Cho HK, Sakamoto N, Cheong J. Curcumin inhibits hepatitis C virus replication via suppressing the Akt-SREBP-1 pathway. FEBS Lett. 2010 Feb 19;584(4):707-12. Epub 2009 Dec 17.

Kim KH, Lee EN, Park JK, Lee JR, Kim JH, Choi HJ, Kim BS, Lee HW, Lee KS, Yoon S. Curcumin attenuates TNF-α-induced expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and proinflammatory cytokines in human endometriotic stromal cells. Phytother Res. 2012 Jul;26(7):1037-47. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3694. Epub 2011 Dec 20.

Kim KY, Frey RJ, Epplen K, Foruhari F. Interaction between warfarin and nafcillin: case report and review of the literature. Pharmacotherapy. 2007 Oct;27(10):1467-70.

Kim YS, Kim KM, Lee DJ, Kim BT, Park SB, Cho DY, Suh CH, Kim HA, Park RW, Joo NS. Women with fibromyalgia have lower levels of calcium, magnesium, iron and manganese in hair mineral analysis. J Korean Med Sci. 2011 Oct;26(10):1253-7. Epub 2011 Oct 1. [Full Text]

Kinney KS, Austin CE, Morton DS, Sonnenfeld G. Norepinephrine as a growth stimulating factor in bacteria–mechanistic studies. Life Sci. 2000 Nov 10;67(25):3075-85.

Kinross JM, Markar S, Karthikesalingam A, Chow A, Penney N, Silk D, Darzi A. A Meta-Analysis of Probiotic and Synbiotic Use in Elective Surgery: Does Nutrition Modulation of the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Outcome? JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2012 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Kirimuhuzya C, Waako P, Joloba M, Odyek O. The anti-mycobacterial activity of Lantana camara a plant traditionally used to treat symptoms of tuberculosis in South-western Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2009 Mar;9(1):40-5. [Full Text]

Klempner MS, Hu LT, Evans J, Schmid CH, Johnson GM, Trevino RP, Norton D, Levy L, Wall D, McCall J, Kosinski M, Weinstein A. Two controlled trials of antibiotic treatment in patients with persistent symptoms and a history of Lyme disease. N Engl J Med. 2001 Jul 12;345(2):85-92.

Klempner MS. Controlled trials of antibiotic treatment in patients with post-treatment chronic Lyme disease. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2002 Winter;2(4):255-63.

Klerman EB, Goldenberg DL, Brown EN, Maliszewski AM, Adler GK. Circadian rhythms of women with fibromyalgia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar;86(3):1034-9.

Klooker TK, Braak B, Koopman KE, Welting O, Wouters MM, van der Heide S, Schemann M, Bischoff SC, van den Wijngaard RM, Boeckxstaens GE. The mast cell stabiliser ketotifen decreases visceral hypersensitivity and improves intestinal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Gut. 2010 Sep;59(9):1213-21. Epub 2010 Jul 21.

Kmeť V, Drugdová Z. Antimicrobial susceptibility of microflora from ovine cheese. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2012 Jul;57(4):291-3. doi: 10.1007/s12223-012-0128-3. Epub 2012 Apr 11.

Kmet V, Piatnicová E. Antibiotic resistance in commensal intestinal microflora. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2010 Jul;55(4):332-5. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Knipping K, Garssen J, van’t Land B. An evaluation of the inhibitory effects against rotavirus infection of edible plant extracts. Virol J. 2012 Jul 26;9:137. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-9-137. [Full Text]

Knothe H, Dette GA, Shah PM. Impact of injectable cephalosporins on the gastrointestinal microflora: observations in healthy volunteers and hospitalized patients. Infection. 1985;13 Suppl 1:S129-33.

Kobayashi J, Nakagawa Y, Tobisawa S, Isozaki E, Koide R. Deterioration of MRI findings related to Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction in a patient with neurosyphilis. J Neurol. 2011 Apr;258(4):699-701. Epub 2010 Nov 2.

Kodama M, Kodama T, Murakami M. The value of the dehydroepiandrosterone-annexed vitamin C infusion treatment in the clinical control of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). II. Characterization of CFS patients with special reference to their response to a new vitamin C infusion treatment. In Vivo. 1996 Nov-Dec;10(6):585-96.

Kodama M, Kodama T. The clinical course of interstitial pneumonia alias chronic fatigue syndrome under the control of megadose vitamin C infusion system with dehydroepiandrosterone-cortisol annex. Int J Mol Med. 2005 Jan;15(1):109-16.

Kodama M, Kodama T. Four problems with the clinical control of interstitial pneumonia, or chronic fatigue syndrome, using the megadose vitamin C infusion system with dehydroepiandrosterone-cortisol annex. In Vivo. 2006 Mar-Apr;20(2):285-91.

Köhler S, Funk P, Kieser M. Influence of a 7-day treatment with Ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761 on bleeding time and coagulation: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study in healthy volunteers. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2004 Jun;15(4):303-9.

Kokkiripati PK, Bhakshu LM, Marri S, Padmasree K, Row AT, Raghavendra AS, Tetali SD. Gum resin of Boswellia serrata inhibited human monocytic (THP-1) cell activation and platelet aggregation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Sep 1;137(1):893-901. Epub 2011 Jul 8.

Konturek PC, Sliwowski Z, Koziel J, Ptak-Belowska A, Burnat G, Brzozowski T, Konturek SJ. Probiotic bacteria Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 attenuates acute gastric lesions induced by stress. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2009 Dec;60 Suppl 6:41-8.

Korenromp IH, Heijnen CJ, Vogels OJ, van den Bosch JM, Grutters JC. Characterization of chronic fatigue in patients with sarcoidosis in clinical remission. Chest. 2011 Aug;140(2):441-7. Epub 2011 Feb 17.

Korkina L, Scordo G, Deeva I, Cesareo E, De Luca C. The Chemical Defensive System in the Pathobiology of Idiopathic Environment-Associated Diseases. Curr Drug Metab. 2010 Jan 7. [Epub ahead of print]

Korkina L, Scordo MG, Deeva I, Cesareo E, De Luca C. The chemical defensive system in the pathobiology of idiopathic environment-associated diseases. Curr Drug Metab. 2009 Oct;10(8):914-31.

Korszun A, Sackett-Lundeen L, Papadopoulos E, Brucksch C, Masterson L, Engelberg NC, Haus E, Demitrack MA, Crofford L. Melatonin levels in women with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1999 Dec;26(12):2675-80.

Kotzampassi K, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ. Probiotics for infectious diseases: more drugs, less dietary supplementation. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2012 Oct;40(4):288-96. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2012.06.006. Epub 2012 Aug 2.

Kountouras J, Zavos C, Deretzi G, Gavalas E, Chatzopoulos D, Katsinelos P, Tsiaousi E, Gagalis S, Polyzos SA, Venizelos I. Potential implications of Helicobacter pylori-related neutrophil-activating protein. World J Gastroenterol. 2012 Feb 7;18(5):489-90. [Full Text]

Kragsbjerg P, Vikerfors T, Holmberg H. Cytokine responses in patients with pneumonia caused by Chlamydia or Mycoplasma. Respiration. 1998;65(4):299-303.

Kranich J, Maslowski KM, Mackay CR. Commensal flora and the regulation of inflammatory and autoimmune responses. Semin Immunol. 2011 Apr;23(2):139-45. Epub 2011 Feb 2.

Krause R, Zollner-Schwetz I, Valentin T. Rifaximin for irritable bowel syndrome without constipation. N Engl J Med. 2011 Apr 14;364(15):1467; author reply 1468.

Kreuzer S, Machnowska P, Aßmus J, Sieber M, Pieper R, Schmidt MF, Brockmann GA, Scharek-Tedin L, Johne R. Feeding of the probiotic bacterium Enterococcus faecium NCIMB 10415 differentially affects shedding of enteric viruses in pigs. Vet Res. 2012 Jul 27;43(1):58. [Full Text]

Kruis W, Chrubasik S, Boehm S, Stange C, Schulze J. A double-blind placebo-controlled trial to study therapeutic effects of probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 in subgroups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2012 Apr;27(4):467-74. Epub 2011 Dec 2. [Full Text]

Kruis W. Review article: antibiotics and probiotics in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2004 Oct;20 Suppl 4:75-8.

Krupp LB, Hyman LG, Grimson R, Coyle PK, Melville P, Ahnn S, Dattwyler R, Chandler B. Study and treatment of post Lyme disease (STOP-LD): a randomized double masked clinical trial. Neurology. 2003 Jun 24;60(12):1923-30.

Ktsoyan ZA, Beloborodova NV, Sedrakyan AM, Osipov GA, Khachatryan ZA, Kelly D, Manukyan GP, Arakelova KA, Hovhannisyan AI, Olenin AY, Arakelyan AA, Ghazaryan KA, Aminov RI. Profiles of Microbial Fatty Acids in the Human Metabolome are Disease-Specific. Front Microbiol. 2010;1:148. Epub 2011 Jan 20. [Full Text]

Kumar P, Kumar A. Possible neuroprotective effect of Withania somnifera root extract against 3-nitropropionic acid-induced behavioral, biochemical, and mitochondrial dysfunction in an animal model of Huntington’s disease. J Med Food. 2009 Jun;12(3):591-600.

Kumar S, Wahab N, Mishra M, Warikoo R. Evaluation of 15 Local Plant Species as Larvicidal Agents Against an Indian Strain of Dengue Fever Mosquito, Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Front Physiol. 2012;3:104. Epub 2012 Apr 23. [Full Text]

Kurade NP, Jaitak V, Kaul VK, Sharma OP. Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum. Pharm Biol. 2010 May;48(5):539-44.

Kuratsune H, Yamaguti K, Lindh G, Evengård B, Hagberg G, Matsumura K, Iwase M, Onoe H, Takahashi M, Machii T, Kanakura Y, Kitani T, Långström B, Watanabe Y. Brain regions involved in fatigue sensation: reduced acetylcarnitine uptake into the brain. Neuroimage. 2002 Nov;17(3):1256-65.

Kuratsune H, Yamaguti K, Sawada M, Kodate S, Machii T, Kanakura Y, Kitani T. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate deficiency in chronic fatigue syndrome. Int J Mol Med. 1998 Jan;1(1):143-6.

Kurita N, Kawaguchi M, Kakimoto M, Yamamoto Y, Inoue S, Nakamura M, Konishi N, Patel PM, Furuya H. Reevaluation of gray and white matter injury after spinal cord ischemia in rabbits. Anesthesiology. 2006 Aug;105(2):305-12.

Kurup RK, Kurup PA. Hypothalamic digoxin, cerebral chemical dominance and myalgic encephalomyelitis. Int J Neurosci. 2003 May;113(5):683-701.

Kwon HS, Oh SM, Kim JK. Glabridin, a functional compound of liquorice, attenuates colonic inflammation in mice with dextran sulphate sodium-induced colitis. Clin Exp Immunol. 2008 Jan;151(1):165-73. Epub 2007 Nov 14. [Full Text]

Ladabaum U, Sharabidze A, Levin TR, Zhao WK, Chung E, Bacchetti P, Jin C, Grimes B, Pepin CJ. Citalopram provides little or no benefit in nondepressed patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 Jan;8(1):42-48.e1. Epub 2009 Sep 16. [Full Text]

LaFleur MD, Kumamoto CA, Lewis K. Candida albicans biofilms produce antifungal-tolerant persister cells. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Nov;50(11):3839-46. Epub 2006 Aug 21. [Full Text]

Lai PC, Huang YT, Wu CC, Lai CJ, Wang PJ, Chiu TH. Ceftriaxone attenuates hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats. J Biomed Sci. 2011 Sep 21;18:69. [Full Text]

Lakhan SE, Kirchgessner A. Gut inflammation in chronic fatigue syndrome. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2010 Oct 12;7:79. [Full Text]

Lam LL, Emberly E, Fraser HB, Neumann SM, Chen E, Miller GE, Kobor MS. Factors underlying variable DNA methylation in a human community cohort. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 16;109 Suppl 2:17253-60. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1121249109. Epub 2012 Oct 8. [Full Text]

LaManca JJ, Sisto SA, Zhou XD, Ottenweller JE, Cook S, Peckerman A, Zhang Q, Denny TN, Gause WC, Natelson BH. 0.05). The immune response of chronic fatigue syndrome patients to exhaustive exercise is not significantly different from that of healthy nonphysically active controls.” target=”_blank”>Immunological response in chronic fatigue syndrome following a graded exercise test to exhaustion. J Clin Immunol. 1999 Mar;19(2):135-42.

Lambert SE, Kinder JM, Then JE, Parliament KN, Bruns HA. Erythromycin treatment hinders the induction of oral tolerance to fed ovalbumin. Front Immunol. 2012;3:203. Epub 2012 Jul 18. [Full Text]

Landy J, Al-Hassi HO, McLaughlin SD, Walker AW, Ciclitira PJ, Nicholls RJ, Clark SK, Hart AL. Review article: faecal transplantation therapy for gastrointestinal disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011 Aug;34(4):409-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2011.04737.x. Epub 2011 Jun 20.

Lange G, Steffener J, Cook DB, Bly BM, Christodoulou C, Liu WC, Deluca J, Natelson BH. Objective evidence of cognitive complaints in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: a BOLD fMRI study of verbal working memory. Neuroimage. 2005 Jun;26(2):513-24. Epub 2005 Apr 7.

Lau AJ, Toh DF, Chua TK, Pang YK, Woo SO, Koh HL. Antiplatelet and anticoagulant effects of Panax notoginseng: comparison of raw and steamed Panax notoginseng with Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolium. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Sep 25;125(3):380-6. Epub 2009 Aug 7.

Lau K, Benitez P, Ardissone A, Wilson TD, Collins EL, Lorca G, Li N, Sankar D, Wasserfall C, Neu J, Atkinson MA, Shatz D, Triplett EW, Larkin J 3rd. Inhibition of type 1 diabetes correlated to a Lactobacillus johnsonii N6.2-mediated Th17 bias. J Immunol. 2011 Mar 15;186(6):3538-46. Epub 2011 Feb 11.

Lazăr V, Chifiriuc MC. Medical significance and new therapeutical strategies for biofilm associated infections. Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol. 2010 Jul-Sep;69(3):125-38.

Lazar V. Quorum sensing in biofilms–how to destroy the bacterial citadels or their cohesion/power? Anaerobe. 2011 Dec;17(6):280-5. Epub 2011 Apr 8.

Leblebici B, Pektaş ZO, Ortancil O, Hürcan EC, Bagis S, Akman MN. Coexistence of fibromyalgia, temporomandibular disorder, and masticatory myofascial pain syndromes. Rheumatol Int. 2007 Apr;27(6):541-4. Epub 2006 Nov 10.

Ledina D, Bradarić N, Milas I, Ivić I, Brncić N, Kuzmicić N. Chronic fatigue syndrome after Q fever. Med Sci Monit. 2007 Jul;13(7):CS88-92.

Lee JH, Lee B, Lee HS, Bae EA, Lee H, Ahn YT, Lim KS, Huh CS, Kim DH. Lactobacillus suntoryeus inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokine expression and TLR-4-linked NF-kappaB activation in experimental colitis. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2009 Feb;24(2):231-7. Epub 2008 Dec 3.

Lee-Huang S, Huang PL, Zhang D, Lee JW, Bao J, Sun Y, Chang YT, Zhang J, Huang PL. Discovery of small-molecule HIV-1 fusion and integrase inhibitors oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol: Part I. fusion [corrected] inhibition. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Mar 23;354(4):872-8. Epub 2007 Jan 24. [Full Text]

Lee-Huang S, Zhang L, Huang PL, Chang YT, Huang PL. Anti-HIV activity of olive leaf extract (OLE) and modulation of host cell gene expression by HIV-1 infection and OLE treatment. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Aug 8;307(4):1029-37.

Leite B, Gomes F, Teixeira P, Souza C, Pizzolitto E, Oliveira R. Staphylococcus epidermidis Biofilms Control by N-Acetylcysteine and Rifampicin. Am J Ther. 2011 Apr 23. [Epub ahead of print]

Lepper PM, Held TK, Schneider EM, Bölke E, Gerlach H, Trautmann M. Clinical implications of antibiotic-induced endotoxin release in septic shock. Intensive Care Med. 2002 Jul;28(7):824-33. Epub 2002 May 30.

Lerner A. Aluminum as an adjuvant in Crohn’s disease induction. Lupus. 2012 Feb;21(2):231-8.

Lerner AM, Beqaj SH, Deeter RG, Dworkin HJ, Zervos M, Chang CH, Fitzgerald JT, Goldstein J, O’Neill W. A six-month trial of valacyclovir in the Epstein-Barr virus subset of chronic fatigue syndrome: improvement in left ventricular function. Drugs Today (Barc). 2002 Aug;38(8):549-61.

Lerner AM, Beqaj SH, Deeter RG, Fitzgerald JT. IgM serum antibodies to human cytomegalovirus nonstructural gene products p52 and CM2(UL44 and UL57) are uniquely present in a subset of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. In Vivo. 2002 May-Jun;16(3):153-9.

Lerner AM, Beqaj SH, Deeter RG, Fitzgerald JT. IgM serum antibodies to Epstein-Barr virus are uniquely present in a subset of patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. In Vivo. 2004 Mar-Apr;18(2):101-6.

Lerner AM, Beqaj SH, Deeter RG, Fitzgerald JT. Valacyclovir treatment in Epstein-Barr virus subset chronic fatigue syndrome: thirty-six months follow-up. In Vivo. 2007 Sep-Oct;21(5):707-13.

Lester K, Simmonds RS. Zoocin A and lauricidin in combination reduce Streptococcus mutans growth in a multispecies biofilm. Caries Res. 2012;46(3):185-93. Epub 2012 Apr 13.

Leung TC, Lui CN, Chen LW, Yung WH, Chan YS, Yung KK. Ceftriaxone ameliorates motor deficits and protects dopaminergic neurons in 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats. ACS Chem Neurosci. 2012 Jan 18;3(1):22-30. Epub 2011 Oct 26.

Levine PH. The use of transfer factors in chronic fatigue syndrome: prospects and problems. Biotherapy. 1996;9(1-3):77-9.

Lewis DH, Mayberg HS, Fischer ME, Goldberg J, Ashton S, Graham MM, Buchwald D. Monozygotic twins discordant for chronic fatigue syndrome: regional cerebral blood flow SPECT. Radiology. 2001 Jun;219(3):766-73.

Lewis K. Persister cells and the riddle of biofilm survival. Biochemistry (Mosc). 2005 Feb;70(2):267-74.

Lewis K. Multidrug tolerance of biofilms and persister cells. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol. 2008;322:107-31.

Li B, Zhang T. pH significantly affects removal of trace antibiotics in chlorination of municipal wastewater. Water Res. 2012 Jul;46(11):3703-13. Epub 2012 Apr 19.

Li J, Wang LN, Zheng HY. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction among syphilis patients in China. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2012 May 21. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2012.04544.x. [Epub ahead of print]

Li Q, Estes JD, Schlievert PM, Duan L, Brosnahan AJ, Southern PJ, Reilly CS, Peterson ML, Schultz-Darken N, Brunner KG, Nephew KR, Pambuccian S, Lifson JD, Carlis JV, Haase AT. Glycerol monolaurate prevents mucosal SIV transmission. Nature. 2009 Apr 23;458(7241):1034-8. Epub 2009 Mar 4. [Full Text]

Licata G, Tuttolomondo A, Di Raimondo D, Corrao S, Di Sciacca R, Pinto A. Immuno-inflammatory activation in acute cardio-embolic strokes in comparison with other subtypes of ischaemic stroke. Thromb Haemost. 2009 May;101(5):929-37.

Lieberman J, Bell DS. Serum angiotensin-converting enzyme as a marker for the chronic fatigue-immune dysfunction syndrome: a comparison to serum angiotensin-converting enzyme in sarcoidosis. Am J Med. 1993 Oct;95(4):407-12.

Ligaarden SC, Axelsson L, Naterstad K, Lydersen S, Farup PG. A candidate probiotic with unfavourable effects in subjects with irritable bowel syndrome: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Gastroenterol. 2010 Feb 10;10:16. [Full Text]

Light AR, Bateman L, Jo D, Hughen RW, Vanhaitsma TA, White AT, Light KC. Gene expression alterations at baseline and following moderate exercise in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome. J Intern Med. 2012 Jan;271(1):64-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02405.x. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

Light AR, White AT, Hughen RW, Light KC. Moderate exercise increases expression for sensory, adrenergic, and immune genes in chronic fatigue syndrome patients but not in normal subjects. J Pain. 2009 Oct;10(10):1099-112. Epub 2009 Jul 31. [Full Text]

Light KC, White AT, Tadler S, Iacob E, Light AR. Genetics and Gene Expression Involving Stress and Distress Pathways in Fibromyalgia with and without Comorbid Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Pain Res Treat. 2012;2012:427869. Epub 2011 Sep 29. [Full Text]

Lin CY, Su SB, Chang CC, Lee TM, Shieh JM, Guo HR. The association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and metabolic syndrome in Taiwanese adults. South Med J. 2009 Dec;102(12):1203-8.

Lin E, Hsu SY. A Bayesian approach to gene-gene and gene-environment interactions in chronic fatigue syndrome. Pharmacogenomics. 2009 Jan;10(1):35-42.

Lin JC. Mechanism of action of glycyrrhizic acid in inhibition of Epstein-Barr virus replication in vitro. Antiviral Res. 2003 Jun;59(1):41-7.

Linde A, Andersson B, Svenson SB, Ahrne H, Carlsson M, Forsberg P, Hugo H, Karstorp A, Lenkei R, Lindwall A, et al. Serum levels of lymphokines and soluble cellular receptors in primary Epstein-Barr virus infection and in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Infect Dis. 1992 Jun;165(6):994-1000.

Lindh G, Samuelson A, Hedlund KO, Evengård B, Lindquist L, Ehrnst A. No findings of enteroviruses in Swedish patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Scand J Infect Dis. 1996;28(3):305-7.

Ling H, Braschinsky M, Taba P, Lüüs SM, Doherty K, Hotter A, Poewe W, Lees AJ. Decades of delayed diagnosis in 4 levodopa-responsive young-onset monogenetic parkinsonism patients. Mov Disord. 2011 Jun;26(7):1337-40. doi: 10.1002/mds.23563. Epub 2011 Mar 29.

Linskens RK, Huijsdens XW, Savelkoul PH, Vandenbroucke-Grauls CM, Meuwissen SG. The bacterial flora in inflammatory bowel disease: current insights in pathogenesis and the influence of antibiotics and probiotics. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 2001;(234):29-40.

Lipski J, Wan CK, Bai JZ, Pi R, Li D, Donnelly D. Neuroprotective potential of ceftriaxone in in vitro models of stroke. Neuroscience. 2007 May 11;146(2):617-29. Epub 2007 Mar 23.

Lisi L, Navarra P, Cirocchi R, Sharp A, Stigliano E, Feinstein DL, Dello Russo C. Rapamycin reduces clinical signs and neuropathic pain in a chronic model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Neuroimmunol. 2012 Feb 29;243(1-2):43-51. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Littarru GP, Tiano L. Clinical aspects of coenzyme Q10: an update. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2005 Nov;8(6):641-6.

Llopis M, Antolin M, Carol M, Borruel N, Casellas F, Martinez C, Espín-Basany E, Guarner F, Malagelada JR. Lactobacillus casei downregulates commensals’ inflammatory signals in Crohn’s disease mucosa. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Feb;15(2):275-83.

Lloyd AR, Hickie I, Brockman A, Hickie C, Wilson A, Dwyer J, Wakefield D. Immunologic and psychologic therapy for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Med. 1993 Feb;94(2):197-203.

Lo SC, Pripuzova N, Li B, Komaroff AL, Hung GC, Wang R, Alter HJ. Detection of MLV-related virus gene sequences in blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and healthy blood donors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Sep 7;107(36):15874-9. Epub 2010 Aug 23. [Full Text]

Loew SJ, Watson K. A prospective genetic marker of the visual-perception disorder Meares-Irlen syndrome. Percept Mot Skills. 2012 Jun;114(3):870-82.

Lombardi A, Drago L, De Vecchi E, Mombelli B, Gismondo MR. Antimicrobial activity of thiamphenicol-glycinate-acetylcysteinate and other drugs against Chlamydia pneumoniae. Arzneimittelforschung. 2001;51(3):264-7.

Longhi C, Scoarughi GL, Poggiali F, Cellini A, Carpentieri A, Seganti L, Pucci P, Amoresano A, Cocconcelli PS, Artini M, Costerton JW, Selan L. Protease treatment affects both invasion ability and biofilm formation in Listeria monocytogenes. Microb Pathog. 2008 Jul;45(1):45-52. Epub 2008 Mar 25.

López-García B, Hernández M, Segundo BS. Bromelain, a cysteine protease from pineapple (Ananas comosus) stem, is an inhibitor of fungal plant pathogens. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2012 Jul;55(1):62-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2012.03258.x. Epub 2012 May 17.

Loron G, Olivier P, See H, Le Saché N, Angulo L, Biran V, Brunelle N, Besson-Lescure B, Kitzis MD, Pansiot J, Bingen E, Gressens P, Bonacorsi S, Baud O. Ciprofloxacin prevents myelination delay in neonatal rats subjected to E. coli sepsis. Ann Neurol. 2011 Feb;69(2):341-51. doi: 10.1002/ana.22190. Epub 2010 Oct 27.

Lotz-Winter H. On the pharmacology of bromelain: an update with special regard to animal studies on dose-dependent effects. Planta Med. 1990 Jun;56(3):249-53.

Loveday C, Bingham JS. Changes in circulating immune complexes during the Jarisch Herxheimer reaction in secondary syphilis. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1993 Mar;12(3):185-91.

Lowe JC, Cullum ME, Graf LH Jr, Yellin J. Mutations in the c-erbA beta 1 gene: do they underlie euthyroid fibromyalgia? Med Hypotheses. 1997 Feb;48(2):125-35.

Lucas HJ, Brauch CM, Settas L, Theoharides TC. Fibromyalgia–new concepts of pathogenesis and treatment. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2006 Jan-Mar;19(1):5-10.

Lue KH, Sun HL, Lu KH, Ku MS, Sheu JN, Chan CH, Wang YH. A trial of adding Lactobacillus johnsonii EM1 to levocetirizine for treatment of perennial allergic rhinitis in children aged 7-12 years. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2012 Jul;76(7):994-1001. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2012.03.018. Epub 2012 Apr 17.

Lumb AB. Effect of dried ginger on human platelet function. Thromb Haemost. 1994 Jan;71(1):110-1.

Lundell K, Qazi S, Eddy L, Uckun FM. Clinical activity of folinic acid in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Arzneimittelforschung. 2006;56(6):399-404.

Lund-Olesen LH, Lund-Olesen K. The etiology and possible treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome/fibromyalgia. Med Hypotheses. 1994 Jul;43(1):55-8.

Lybecker MC, Samuels DS. Temperature-induced regulation of RpoS by a small RNA in Borrelia burgdorferi. Mol Microbiol. 2007 May;64(4):1075-89.

Lyte M, Ernst S. Catecholamine induced growth of gram negative bacteria. Life Sci. 1992;50(3):203-12.

Maccaferri S, Vitali B, Klinder A, Kolida S, Ndagijimana M, Laghi L, Calanni F, Brigidi P, Gibson GR, Costabile A. Rifaximin modulates the colonic microbiota of patients with Crohn’s disease: an in vitro approach using a continuous culture colonic model system. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2010 Dec;65(12):2556-65. Epub 2010 Sep 18.

MacFarlane TW. The oral ecology of patients with severe Sjögren’s syndrome. Microbios. 1984;41(160):99-106.

MacHale SM, Lawŕie SM, Cavanagh JT, Glabus MF, Murray CL, Goodwin GM, Ebmeier KP. Cerebral perfusion in chronic fatigue syndrome and depression. Br J Psychiatry. 2000 Jun;176:550-6.

Maczurek A, Hager K, Kenklies M, Sharman M, Martins R, Engel J, Carlson DA, Münch G. Lipoic acid as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective treatment for Alzheimer’s disease. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2008 Oct-Nov;60(13-14):1463-70. Epub 2008 Jul 4.

Madhyastha R, Madhyastha H, Nakajima Y, Omura S, Maruyama M. Curcumin facilitates fibrinolysis and cellular migration during wound healing by modulating urokinase plasminogen activator expression. Pathophysiol Haemost Thromb. 2010;37(2-4):59-66. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Maes M, Coucke F, Leunis JC. Normalization of the increased translocation of endotoxin from gram negative enterobacteria (leaky gut) is accompanied by a remission of chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Dec;28(6):739-44.

Maes M, Leunis JC. Normalization of leaky gut in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is accompanied by a clinical improvement: effects of age, duration of illness and the translocation of LPS from gram-negative bacteria. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2008 Dec;29(6):902-10.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Bosmans E. Not in the mind of neurasthenic lazybones but in the cell nucleus: patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have increased production of nuclear factor kappa beta. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Aug;28(4):456-62.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, De Ruyter M. Decreased dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate but normal insulin-like growth factor in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): relevance for the inflammatory response in CFS. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2005 Oct;26(5):487-92.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, De Ruyter M. Lower serum zinc in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS): relationships to immune dysfunctions and relevance for the oxidative stress status in CFS. J Affect Disord. 2006 Feb;90(2-3):141-7. Epub 2005 Dec 9.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Kubera M, Bosmans E. Not in the mind but in the cell: increased production of cyclo-oxygenase-2 and inducible NO synthase in chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Aug;28(4):463-9.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Kubera M, Leunis JC, Geffard M. IgM-mediated autoimmune responses directed against multiple neoepitopes in depression: new pathways that underpin the inflammatory and neuroprogressive pathophysiology. J Affect Disord. 2011 Dec;135(1-3):414-8. Epub 2011 Sep 17.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Kubera M, Leunis JC, Twisk FN, Geffard M. IgM-mediated autoimmune responses directed against anchorage epitopes are greater in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) than in major depression. Metab Brain Dis. 2012 Dec;27(4):415-23. doi: 10.1007/s11011-012-9316-8. Epub 2012 May 22.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Kubera M, Uytterhoeven M, Vrydags N, Bosmans E. Coenzyme Q10 deficiency in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is related to fatigue, autonomic and neurocognitive symptoms and is another risk factor explaining the early mortality in ME/CFS due to cardiovascular disorder. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2009;30(4):470-6.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Leunis JC. In chronic fatigue syndrome, the decreased levels of omega-3 poly-unsaturated fatty acids are related to lowered serum zinc and defects in T cell activation. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2005 Dec;26(6):745-51.

Maes M, Mihaylova I, Leunis JC. Chronic fatigue syndrome is accompanied by an IgM-related immune response directed against neopitopes formed by oxidative or nitrosative damage to lipids and proteins. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2006 Oct;27(5):615-21.

Maes M, Twisk FN, Johnson C. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), and Chronic Fatigue (CF) are distinguished accurately: Results of supervised learning techniques applied on clinical and inflammatory data. Psychiatry Res. 2012 Apr 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Maes M, Twisk FN, Kubera M, Ringel K, Leunis JC, Geffard M. Increased IgA responses to the LPS of commensal bacteria is associated with inflammation and activation of cell-mediated immunity in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Affect Disord. 2012 Feb;136(3):909-17. Epub 2011 Oct 2.

Maes M, Twisk FN, Kubera M, Ringel K. Evidence for inflammation and activation of cell-mediated immunity in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS): increased interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, PMN-elastase, lysozyme and neopterin. J Affect Disord. 2012 Feb;136(3):933-9. Epub 2011 Oct 4.

Maes M, Twisk FN. Chronic fatigue syndrome: la bête noire of the Belgian health care system. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2009;30(3):300-11.

Maes M. Inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress pathways underpinning chronic fatigue, somatization and psychosomatic symptoms. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2009 Jan;22(1):75-83.

Maggi F, Bazzichi L, Sernissi F, Mazzetti P, Lanini L, Scarpellini P, Consensi A, Giacomelli C, Macera L, Vatteroni ML, Bombardieri S, Pistello M. Absence of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus in Italian patients affected by chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, or rheumatoid arthritis. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2012 Apr-Jun;25(2):523-9.

Mahdi AA, Fatima G, Das SK, Verma NS. Abnormality of circadian rhythm of serum melatonin and other biochemical parameters in fibromyalgia syndrome. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2011 Apr;48(2):82-7.

Mahmoud MF, Diaai AA, Ahmed F. Evaluation of the efficacy of ginger, Arabic gum, and Boswellia in acute and chronic renal failure. Ren Fail. 2012;34(1):73-82. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Mahmoudi M, Ebrahimzadeh MA, Nabavi SF, Hafezi S, Nabavi SM, Eslami Sh. Mn > Ni, Cd. Gallic acid content was 0.1 mg/g resin.CONCLUSIONS: These experimental data support the use of Pistacia lentiscus resin as an antiinflammatory and antioxidant agent.” target=”_blank”>Antiinflammatory and antioxidant activities of gum mastic. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010 Sep;14(9):765-9.

Malinen E, Rinttilä T, Kajander K, Mättö J, Kassinen A, Krogius L, Saarela M, Korpela R, Palva A. Analysis of the fecal microbiota of irritable bowel syndrome patients and healthy controls with real-time PCR. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005 Feb;100(2):373-82.

Maloy AL, Black RD, Segurola RJ Jr. Lyme disease complicated by the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. J Emerg Med. 1998 May-Jun;16(3):437-8.

Mangalat N, Liu Y, Fatheree NY, Ferris MJ, Van Arsdall MR, Chen Z, Rahbar MH, Gleason WA, Norori J, Tran DQ, Rhoads JM. Safety and tolerability of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 and effects on biomarkers in healthy adults: results from a randomized masked trial. PLoS One. 2012;7(9):e43910. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0043910. Epub 2012 Sep 6. [Full Text]

Mangin I, Suau A, Gotteland M, Brunser O, Pochart P. Amoxicillin treatment modifies the composition of Bifidobacterium species in infant intestinal microbiota. Anaerobe. 2010 Aug;16(4):433-8. Epub 2010 Jun 19.

Manuel y Keenoy B, Moorkens G, Vertommen J, Noe M, Nève J, De Leeuw I. Magnesium status and parameters of the oxidant-antioxidant balance in patients with chronic fatigue: effects of supplementation with magnesium. J Am Coll Nutr. 2000 Jun;19(3):374-82.

Markin D, Duek L, Berdicevsky I. In vitro antimicrobial activity of olive leaves. Mycoses. 2003 Apr;46(3-4):132-6.

Marmion BP, Storm PA, Ayres JG, Semendric L, Mathews L, Winslow W, Turra M, Harris RJ. Long-term persistence of Coxiella burnetii after acute primary Q fever. QJM. 2005 Jan;98(1):7-20.

Marmion BP, Sukocheva O, Storm PA, Lockhart M, Turra M, Kok T, Ayres J, Routledge H, Graves S. Q fever: persistence of antigenic non-viable cell residues of Coxiella burnetii in the host–implications for post Q fever infection fatigue syndrome and other chronic sequelae. QJM. 2009 Oct;102(10):673-84. Epub 2009 Jun 25.

Martarelli D, Verdenelli MC, Scuri S, Cocchioni M, Silvi S, Cecchini C, Pompei P. Effect of a probiotic intake on oxidant and antioxidant parameters in plasma of athletes during intense exercise training. Curr Microbiol. 2011 Jun;62(6):1689-96. Epub 2011 Mar 12.

Martin FP, Rezzi S, Peré-Trepat E, Kamlage B, Collino S, Leibold E, Kastler J, Rein D, Fay LB, Kochhar S. Metabolic effects of dark chocolate consumption on energy, gut microbiota, and stress-related metabolism in free-living subjects. J Proteome Res. 2009 Dec;8(12):5568-79.

Martin FP, Verdu EF, Wang Y, Dumas ME, Yap IK, Cloarec O, Bergonzelli GE, Corthesy-Theulaz I, Kochhar S, Holmes E, Lindon JC, Collins SM, Nicholson JK. Transgenomic metabolic interactions in a mouse disease model: interactions of Trichinella spiralis infection with dietary Lactobacillus paracasei supplementation. J Proteome Res. 2006 Sep;5(9):2185-93.

Martin RC, Aiyer HS, Malik D, Li Y. Effect on pro-inflammatory and antioxidant genes and bioavailable distribution of whole turmeric vs curcumin: Similar root but different effects. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 Feb;50(2):227-31. Epub 2011 Nov 4.

Martinez-Medina M, Aldeguer X, Lopez-Siles M, González-Huix F, López-Oliu C, Dahbi G, Blanco JE, Blanco J, Garcia-Gil LJ, Darfeuille-Michaud A. Molecular diversity of Escherichia coli in the human gut: new ecological evidence supporting the role of adherent-invasive E. coli (AIEC) in Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 Jun;15(6):872-82.

Masoumi Asl H, Goya MM, Vatandoost H, Zahraei SM, Mafi M, Asmar M, Piazak N, Aghighi Z. The epidemiology of tick-borne relapsing fever in Iran during 1997-2006. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2009 May;7(3):160-4. Epub 2009 Feb 26.

Massey DC, Bredin F, Parkes M. Use of sirolimus (rapamycin) to treat refractory Crohn’s disease. Gut. 2008 Sep;57(9):1294-6.

Masuda A, Kihara T, Fukudome T, Shinsato T, Minagoe S, Tei C. The effects of repeated thermal therapy for two patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychosom Res. 2005 Apr;58(4):383-7.

Masuda A, Koga Y, Hattanmaru M, Minagoe S, Tei C. The effects of repeated thermal therapy for patients with chronic pain. Psychother Psychosom. 2005;74(5):288-94.

Masuda A, Nakayama T, Yamanaka T, Hatsutanmaru K, Tei C. Cognitive behavioral therapy and fasting therapy for a patient with chronic fatigue syndrome. Intern Med. 2001 Nov;40(11):1158-61.

Mathias CJ, Low DA, Iodice V, Owens AP, Kirbis M, Grahame R. Postural tachycardia syndrome–current experience and concepts. Nat Rev Neurol. 2011 Dec 6;8(1):22-34. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2011.187.

Matsumoto S, Shimodozono M, Etoh S, Miyata R, Kawahira K. Effects of thermal therapy combining sauna therapy and underwater exercise in patients with fibromyalgia. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2011 Aug;17(3):162-6. Epub 2010 Sep 25.

Matsushita K, Masuda A, Tei C. <a href="; title="OBJECTIVE: Fibromyal…ificantly (pEfficacy of Waon therapy for fibromyalgia. Intern Med. 2008;47(16):1473-6. Epub 2008 Aug 15.

Matsuura E, Kobayashi K, Lopez LR. Preventing autoimmune and infection triggered atherosclerosis for an enduring healthful lifestyle. Autoimmun Rev. 2008 Jan;7(3):214-22. Epub 2007 Nov 29.

Matters GL, Harms JF, McGovern C, Fitzpatrick L, Parikh A, Nilo N, Smith JP. The opioid antagonist naltrexone improves murine inflammatory bowel disease. J Immunotoxicol. 2008 Apr;5(2):179-87.

Matthana MH. The relation between vitamin D deficiency and fibromyalgia syndrome in women. Saudi Med J. 2011 Sep;32(9):925-9.

Matthews DA, Lane TJ, Manu P. Antibodies to Epstein-Barr virus in patients with chronic fatigue. South Med J. 1991 Jul;84(7):832-40.

Mattioli L, Funari C, Perfumi M. Effects of Rhodiola rosea L. extract on behavioural and physiological alterations induced by chronic mild stress in female rats. J Psychopharmacol. 2009 Mar;23(2):130-42. Epub 2008 May 30.

Matute AJ, Schurink CA, Krijnen RM, Florijn A, Rozenberg-Arska M, Hoepelman IM. Double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing the effect of azithromycin with clarithromycin on oropharyngeal and bowel microflora in volunteers. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Jun;21(6):427-31. Epub 2002 Jun 11.

McCarthy J, O’Mahony L, O’Callaghan L, Sheil B, Vaughan EE, Fitzsimons N, Fitzgibbon J, O’Sullivan GC, Kiely B, Collins JK, Shanahan F. Double blind, placebo controlled trial of two probiotic strains in interleukin 10 knockout mice and mechanistic link with cytokine balance. Gut. 2003 Jul;52(7):975-80. [Full Text]

McCarty DE. Resolution of hypersomnia following identification and treatment of vitamin d deficiency. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010 Dec 15;6(6):605-8. [Full Text]

McKinley KL, Harati Y, Schneider LW. Chronic immune activation in the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome. Muscle Nerve. 1993 Sep;16(9):947-51.

McLaughlin ML, Kassirer JP. Rational treatment of acid-base disorders. Drugs. 1990 Jun;39(6):841-55.

Medina JL, Coalson JJ, Brooks EG, Winter VT, Chaparro A, Principe MF, Kannan TR, Baseman JB, Dube PH. Mycoplasma pneumoniae CARDS toxin induces pulmonary eosinophilic and lymphocytic inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jun;46(6):815-22. Epub 2012 Jan 26.

Meeus M, Roussel NA, Truijen S, Nijs J. Reduced pressure pain thresholds in response to exercise in chronic fatigue syndrome but not in chronic low back pain: an experimental study. J Rehabil Med. 2010 Oct;42(9):884-90.

Mei GY, Carey CM, Tosh S, Kostrzynska M. Utilization of different types of dietary fibres by potential probiotics. Can J Microbiol. 2011 Oct;57(10):857-65.

Meier T, Perlman SL, Rummey C, Coppard NJ, Lynch DR. Assessment of neurological efficacy of idebenone in pediatric patients with Friedreich’s ataxia: data from a 6-month controlled study followed by a 12-month open-label extension study. J Neurol. 2012 Feb;259(2):284-91. Epub 2011 Jul 22.

Meijer L, Hafkamp AM, Bosman WE, Havinga R, Bergman A, Sauer PJ, Verkade HJ. Nonabsorbable dietary fat enhances disposal of 2,2′,4,4′-tetrabromodiphenyl ether in rats through interruption of enterohepatic circulation. J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Aug 23;54(17):6440-4.

Melkumyants AM, Balashov SA, Kartamyshev SP. Anticonstrictor effect of endothelium sensitivity to shear stress. Pflugers Arch. 1994 Jun;427(3-4):264-9.

Melkumyants AM, Balashov SA, Khayutin VM. Endothelium dependent control of arterial diameter by blood viscosity. Cardiovasc Res. 1989 Sep;23(9):741-7.

Melkumyants AM, Balashov SA. Effect of blood viscocity on arterial flow induced dilator response. Cardiovasc Res. 1990 Feb;24(2):165-8.

Menees SB, Maneerattannaporn M, Kim HM, Chey WD. The efficacy and safety of rifaximin for the irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Jan;107(1):28-35; quiz 36. doi: 10.1038/ajg.2011.355. Epub 2011 Nov 1.

Meneses R, Ocazionez RE, Martínez JR, Stashenko EE. Inhibitory effect of essential oils obtained from plants grown in Colombia on yellow fever virus replication in vitro. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2009 Mar 6;8:8. [Full Text]

Menzies V, Lyon DE, Elswick RK Jr, Montpetit AJ, McCain NL. Psychoneuroimmunological Relationships in Women With Fibromyalgia. Biol Res Nurs. 2011 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Metz G, Kraft M. Effects of atypical infections with Mycoplasma and Chlamydia on asthma. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2010 Nov;30(4):575-85, vii-viii. Epub 2010 Sep 22.

Metzgar M, Rideout TC, Fontes-Villalba M, Kuipers RS. The feasibility of a Paleolithic diet for low-income consumers. Nutr Res. 2011 Jun;31(6):444-51.

Metzger K, Frémont M, Roelant C, De Meirleir K. Lower frequency of IL-17F sequence variant (His161Arg) in chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Nov 7;376(1):231-3. Epub 2008 Sep 5.

Meyer T, Stanske B, Kochen MM, Cordes A, Yüksel I, Wachter R, Lüers C, Scherer M, Binder L, Pieske B, Herrmann-Lingen C. Elevated serum levels of interleukin-10 and tumor necrosis factor α [corrected] are both associated with vital exhaustion in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Psychosomatics. 2010 May-Jun;51(3):248-56.

Michail S, Kenche H. Gut microbiota is not modified by Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of VSL#3 in Diarrhea-predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2011 Mar;3(1):1-7. [Full Text]

Michalsen A, Kuhlmann MK, Lüdtke R, Bäcker M, Langhorst J, Dobos GJ. Prolonged fasting in patients with chronic pain syndromes leads to late mood-enhancement not related to weight loss and fasting-induced leptin depletion. Nutr Neurosci. 2006 Oct-Dec;9(5-6):195-200.

Michalsen A, Schneider S, Rodenbeck A, Lüdtke R, Huether G, Dobos GJ. The short-term effects of fasting on the neuroendocrine system in patients with chronic pain syndromes. Nutr Neurosci. 2003 Feb;6(1):11-8.

Michalsen A. Prolonged fasting as a method of mood enhancement in chronic pain syndromes: a review of clinical evidence and mechanisms. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2010 Apr;14(2):80-7.

Michalska A, Ceglinska A, Amarowicz R, Piskula MK, Szawara-Nowak D, Zielinski H. Antioxidant contents and antioxidative properties of traditional rye breads. J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Feb 7;55(3):734-40.

Micol V, Caturla N, Pérez-Fons L, Más V, Pérez L, Estepa A. The olive leaf extract exhibits antiviral activity against viral haemorrhagic septicaemia rhabdovirus (VHSV). Antiviral Res. 2005 Jun;66(2-3):129-36. Epub 2005 Apr 18.

Mihara H, Sumi H, Yoneta T, Mizumoto H, Ikeda R, Seiki M, Maruyama M. A novel fibrinolytic enzyme extracted from the earthworm, Lumbricus rubellus. Jpn J Physiol. 1991;41(3):461-72.

Mihaylova I, DeRuyter M, Rummens JL, Bosmans E, Maes M. Decreased expression of CD69 in chronic fatigue syndrome in relation to inflammatory markers: evidence for a severe disorder in the early activation of T lymphocytes and natural killer cells. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2007 Aug;28(4):477-83.

Mikirova N, Casciari J, Hunninghake R. The assessment of the energy metabolism in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome by serum fluorescence emission. Altern Ther Health Med. 2012 Jan-Feb;18(1):36-40.

Miller KE. Diagnosis and treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis infection. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Apr 15;73(8):1411-6.

Miller WM, Gorini F, Botelho G, Moreira C, Barbosa AP, Pinto AR, Dias MF, Souza LM, Asensi MD, da Costa Nery JA. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction among syphilis patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Int J STD AIDS. 2010 Dec;21(12):806-9.

Milner E, Sousa J, Pybus B, Auschwitz J, Caridha D, Gardner S, Grauer K, Harris E, Hickman M, Kozar MP, Lee P, Leed S, Li Q, Melendez V, Moon J, Ngundam F, O’Neil M, Parriott S, Potter B, Sciotti R, Tangteung A, Dow GS. Ketotifen is an antimalarial prodrug of norketotifen with blood schizonticidal and liver-stage efficacy. Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2012 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Mitiku K, Mengistu G. Relapsing fever in Gondar, Ethiopia. East Afr Med J. 2002 Feb;79(2):85-7.

Miwa K, Fujita M. Small heart syndrome in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Cardiol. 2008 Jul;31(7):328-33.

Miwa K, Fujita M. Cardiac function fluctuates during exacerbation and remission in young adults with chronic fatigue syndrome and “small heart”. J Cardiol. 2009 Aug;54(1):29-35. Epub 2009 Mar 28.

Miwa K, Fujita M. Cardiovascular dysfunction with low cardiac output due to a small heart in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Intern Med. 2009;48(21):1849-54. Epub 2009 Nov 2.

Miwa K, Fujita M. Fluctuation of serum vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) concentrations during exacerbation and remission phases in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Heart Vessels. 2010 Jul;25(4):319-23. Epub 2010 Jul 31.

Miwa K, Fujita M. Small heart with low cardiac output for orthostatic intolerance in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Cardiol. 2011 Dec;34(12):782-6. doi: 10.1002/clc.20962. Epub 2011 Nov 28.

Mollo R, Zaccardi F, Scalone G, Scavone G, Rizzo P, Navarese EP, Manto A, Pitocco D, Lanza GA, Ghirlanda G, Crea F. Effect of α-lipoic acid on platelet reactivity in type 1 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2012 Feb;35(2):196-7. Epub 2012 Jan 6.

Moore DC, Elsas PX, Maximiano ES, Elsas MI. Impact of diet on the immunological microenvironment of the pregnant uterus and its relationship to allergic disease in the offspring–a review of the recent literature. Sao Paulo Med J. 2006 Sep 7;124(5):298-303.

Moore KL, Patel J, Jaroni D, Friedman M, Ravishankar S. Antimicrobial activity of apple, hibiscus, olive, and hydrogen peroxide formulations against Salmonella enterica on organic leafy greens. J Food Prot. 2011 Oct;74(10):1676-83.

Moorkens G, Berwaerts J, Wynants H, Abs R. Characterization of pituitary function with emphasis on GH secretion in the chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2000 Jul;53(1):99-106.

Moorkens G, Manuel y Keenoy B, Vertommen J, Meludu S, Noe M, De Leeuw I. Magnesium deficit in a sample of the Belgian population presenting with chronic fatigue. Magnes Res. 1997 Dec;10(4):329-37.

Mørch K, Hanevik K, Rortveit G, Wensaas KA, Langeland N. High rate of fatigue and abdominal symptoms 2 years after an outbreak of giardiasis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2009 May;103(5):530-2. Epub 2009 Jan 30.

Moreland LW. Inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor for rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol Suppl. 1999 May;57:7-15.

Moriau M, Crasborn L, Lavenne-Pardonge E, von Frenckell R, Col-Debeys C. Platelet anti-aggregant and rheological properties of piracetam. A pharmacodynamic study in normal subjects. Arzneimittelforschung. 1993 Feb;43(2):110-8.

Moroti C, Souza Magri LF, de Rezende Costa M, Cavallini DC, Sivieri K. Effect of the consumption of a new symbiotic shake on glycemia and cholesterol levels in elderly people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lipids Health Dis. 2012 Feb 22;11:29. [Full Text]

Morris G, Maes M. A neuro-immune model of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic fatigue syndrome. Metab Brain Dis. 2012 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print]

Moss H, Collier JM, Collier S. ‘An unusual response of dental sepsis to antibiotics: parallels with the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction’. BMJ Case Rep. 2012 Jun 14;2012. pii: bcr0720114500. doi: 10.1136/bcr.07.2011.4500.

Mothana RA, Mentel R, Reiss C, Lindequist U. Phytochemical screening and antiviral activity of some medicinal plants from the island Soqotra. Phytother Res. 2006 Apr;20(4):298-302.

Mountzouris KC, Kotzampassi K, Tsirtsikos P, Kapoutzis K, Fegeros K. Effects of Lactobacillus acidophilus on gut microflora metabolic biomarkers in fed and fasted rats. Clin Nutr. 2009 Jun;28(3):318-24. Epub 2009 Feb 14.

Mousa SA. Antithrombotic effects of naturally derived products on coagulation and platelet function. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;663:229-40.

Moussaieff A, Fride E, Amar Z, Lev E, Steinberg D, Gallily R, Mechoulam R. The Jerusalem Balsam: from the Franciscan Monastery in the old city of Jerusalem to Martindale 33. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Oct 3;101(1-3):16-26.

Moussaieff A, Mechoulam R. Boswellia resin: from religious ceremonies to medical uses; a review of in-vitro, in-vivo and clinical trials. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;61(10):1281-93.

Moussaieff A, Shein NA, Tsenter J, Grigoriadis S, Simeonidou C, Alexandrovich AG, Trembovler V, Ben-Neriah Y, Schmitz ML, Fiebich BL, Munoz E, Mechoulam R, Shohami E. Incensole acetate: a novel neuroprotective agent isolated from Boswellia carterii. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2008 Jul;28(7):1341-52. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Moussaieff A, Yu J, Zhu H, Gattoni-Celli S, Shohami E, Kindy MS. Protective effects of incensole acetate on cerebral ischemic injury. Brain Res. 2012 Mar 14;1443:89-97. Epub 2012 Jan 9.

Mukherjee S, Das D, Mukherjee M, Das AS, Mitra C. Synergistic effect of folic acid and vitamin B12 in ameliorating arsenic-induced oxidative damage in pancreatic tissue of rat. J Nutr Biochem. 2006 May;17(5):319-27. Epub 2005 Sep 15.

Müller JP, Steinegger A, Schlatter C. Contribution of aluminum from packaging materials and cooking utensils to the daily aluminum intake. Z Lebensm Unters Forsch. 1993 Oct;197(4):332-41.

Müller S, März R, Schmolz M, Drewelow B, Eschmann K, Meiser P. Placebo-controlled Randomized Clinical Trial on the Immunomodulating Activities of Low- and High-Dose Bromelain after Oral Administration – New Evidence on the Antiinflammatory Mode of Action of Bromelain. Phytother Res. 2012 Apr 20. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4678. [Epub ahead of print]

Mundkur LA, Rao VS, Hebbagudi S, Shanker J, Shivanandan H, Nagaraj RK, Kakkar VV. Pathogen burden, cytomegalovirus infection and inflammatory markers in the risk of premature coronary artery disease in individuals of Indian origin. Exp Clin Cardiol. 2012 Summer;17(2):63-8. [Full Text]

Muranaka LS, Takita MA, Olivato JC, Kishi LT, de Souza AA. Global expression profile of biofilm resistance to antimicrobial compounds in the plant-pathogenic bacterium Xylella fastidiosa reveals evidence of persister cells. J Bacteriol. 2012 Sep;194(17):4561-9. doi: 10.1128/JB.00436-12. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Musso G, Gambino R, Cassader M. Interactions between gut microbiota and host metabolism predisposing to obesity and diabetes. Annu Rev Med. 2011;62:361-80.

Myles TD, Elam G, Park-Hwang E, Nguyen T. The Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction and fetal monitoring changes in pregnant women treated for syphilis. Obstet Gynecol. 1998 Nov;92(5):859-64.

Nalepa B, Siemianowska E, Skibniewska KA. Influence of Bifidobacterium bifidum on release of minerals from bread with differing bran content. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2012;75(1):1-5.

Narita K, Hisamoto M, Okuda T, Takeda S. Differential neuroprotective activity of two different grape seed extracts. PLoS One. 2011 Jan 24;6(1):e14575. [Full Text]

Narita M, Fujitani S, Haake DA, Paterson DL. Leptospirosis after recreational exposure to water in the Yaeyama islands, Japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Oct;73(4):652-6. [Full Text]

Narita M, Nishigami N, Narita N, Yamaguti K, Okado N, Watanabe Y, Kuratsune H. <a href="; title="Interaction between …e analyses (both pAssociation between serotonin transporter gene polymorphism and chronic fatigue syndrome. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Nov 14;311(2):264-6.

Nas K, Cevik R, Batum S, Sarac AJ, Acar S, Kalkanli S. Immunologic and psychosocial status in chronic fatigue syndrome. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2011;112(4):208-12.

Naschitz J, Fields M, Isseroff H, Sharif D, Sabo E, Rosner I. Shortened QT interval: a distinctive feature of the dysautonomia of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Electrocardiol. 2006 Oct;39(4):389-94. Epub 2006 Feb 28.

Naschitz JE, Slobodin G, Sharif D, Fields M, Isseroff H, Sabo E, Rosner I. Electrocardiographic QT interval and cardiovascular reactivity in fibromyalgia differ from chronic fatigue syndrome. Eur J Intern Med. 2008 May;19(3):187-91. Epub 2007 Nov 19.

Nasralla M, Haier J, Nicolson GL. Multiple mycoplasmal infections detected in blood of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and/or fibromyalgia syndrome. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999 Dec;18(12):859-65.

Natelson BH, Cohen JM, Brassloff I, Lee HJ. A controlled study of brain magnetic resonance imaging in patients with the chronic fatigue syndrome. J Neurol Sci. 1993 Dec 15;120(2):213-7.

Nater UM, Youngblood LS, Jones JF, Unger ER, Miller AH, Reeves WC, Heim C. Alterations in diurnal salivary cortisol rhythm in a population-based sample of cases with chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med. 2008 Apr;70(3):298-305. Epub 2008 Mar 31.

Neeck G, Riedel W. Neuromediator and hormonal perturbations in fibromyalgia syndrome: results of chronic stress? Baillieres Clin Rheumatol. 1994 Nov;8(4):763-75.

Negussie Y, Remick DG, DeForge LE, Kunkel SL, Eynon A, Griffin GE. Detection of plasma tumor necrosis factor, interleukins 6, and 8 during the Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction of relapsing fever. J Exp Med. 1992 May 1;175(5):1207-12. [Full Text]

Neu D, Kajosch H, Peigneux P, Verbanck P, Linkowski P, Le Bon O. Cognitive impairment in fatigue and sleepiness associated conditions. Psychiatry Res. 2011 Aug 30;189(1):128-34. Epub 2010 Dec 31.

Neuhouser ML, Rock CL, Kristal AR, Patterson RE, Neumark-Sztainer D, Cheskin LJ, Thornquist MD. Olestra is associated with slight reductions in serum carotenoids but does not markedly influence serum fat-soluble vitamin concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006 Mar;83(3):624-31.

Newton JL, Pairman J, Hallsworth K, Moore S, Plötz T, Trenell MI. Physical activity intensity but not sedentary activity is reduced in chronic fatigue syndrome and is associated with autonomic regulation. QJM. 2011 Aug;104(8):681-7. Epub 2011 Mar 7.

Newton JL, Sheth A, Shin J, Pairman J, Wilton K, Burt JA, Jones DE. Lower ambulatory blood pressure in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med. 2009 Apr;71(3):361-5. Epub 2009 Mar 17.

Ng SY. Hair calcium and magnesium levels in patients with fibromyalgia: a case center study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Nov-Dec;22(9):586-93.

Ng WF, Bowman SJ. Primary Sjogren’s syndrome: too dry and too tired. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2010 May;49(5):844-53. Epub 2010 Feb 10.

Ngian GS, Guymer EK, Littlejohn GO. The use of opioids in fibromyalgia. Int J Rheum Dis. 2011 Feb;14(1):6-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1756-185X.2010.01567.x. Epub 2010 Aug 23.

Niblett SH, King KE, Dunstan RH, Clifton-Bligh P, Hoskin LA, Roberts TK, Fulcher GR, McGregor NR, Dunsmore JC, Butt HL, Klineberg I, Rothkirch TB. Hematologic and urinary excretion anomalies in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2007 Sep;232(8):1041-9.

Nicolson GL, Gan R, Haier J. Multiple co-infections (Mycoplasma, Chlamydia, human herpes virus-6) in blood of chronic fatigue syndrome patients: association with signs and symptoms. APMIS. 2003 May;111(5):557-66.

Niedzielin K, Kordecki H, Birkenfeld B. A controlled, double-blind, randomized study on the efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum 299V in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2001 Oct;13(10):1143-7.

Nijs J, Almond F, De Becker P, Truijen S, Paul L. Can exercise limits prevent post-exertional malaise in chronic fatigue syndrome? An uncontrolled clinical trial. Clin Rehabil. 2008 May;22(5):426-35.

Nijs J, Frémont M. Intracellular immune dysfunction in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: state of the art and therapeutic implications. Expert Opin Ther Targets. 2008 Mar;12(3):281-9.

Nijs J, Meeus M, McGregor NR, Meeusen R, de Schutter G, van Hoof E, de Meirleir K. Chronic fatigue syndrome: exercise performance related to immune dysfunction. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2005 Oct;37(10):1647-54.

Nijs J, Nicolson GL, De Becker P, Coomans D, De Meirleir K. M. hominis>M. penetrans), a slightly different pattern of mycoplasmal infections was found in European CFS patients (M. hominis>M. pneumoniae, M. fermentansz.Gt;M. penetrans).” target=”_blank”>High prevalence of Mycoplasma infections among European chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Examination of four Mycoplasma species in blood of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2002 Nov 15;34(3):209-14.

Nijs J, Van de Velde B, De Meirleir K. Pain in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: does nitric oxide trigger central sensitisation? Med Hypotheses. 2005;64(3):558-62.

Nirale NM, Menon MD. Topical formulations of serratiopeptidase: development and pharmacodynamic evaluation. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2010 Jan;72(1):65-71. [Full Text]

Nishida H, Ishida H, Tanaka T, Amano H, Omoto K, Shirakawa H, Shimizu T, Iida S, Toki D, Yamaguchi Y, Tanabe K. Cytomegalovirus infection following renal transplantation in patients administered low-dose rituximab induction therapy. Transpl Int. 2009 Oct;22(10):961-9. Epub 2009 Jul 10.

Niv E, Naftali T, Hallak R, Vaisman N. The efficacy of Lactobacillus reuteri ATCC 55730 in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome–a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study. Clin Nutr. 2005 Dec;24(6):925-31. Epub 2005 Jul 27.

Nizzardo M, Nardini M, Ronchi D, Salani S, Donadoni C, Fortunato F, Colciago G, Falcone M, Simone C, Riboldi G, Govoni A, Bresolin N, Comi GP, Corti S. Beta-lactam antibiotic offers neuroprotection in a spinal muscular atrophy model by multiple mechanisms. Exp Neurol. 2011 Jun;229(2):214-25. Epub 2011 Feb 2.

Nomicos EY. Myrrh: medical marvel or myth of the Magi? Holist Nurs Pract. 2007 Nov-Dec;21(6):308-23.

Nord CE, Heimdahl A, Kager L. Antimicrobial induced alterations of the human oropharyngeal and intestinal microflora. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1986;49:64-72.

Nord CE, Rasmanis G, Wahlund E. Effect of dalbavancin on the normal intestinal microflora. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2006 Sep;58(3):627-31. Epub 2006 Jul 12.

Nord CE, Sillerström E, Wahlund E. Effect of tigecycline on normal oropharyngeal and intestinal microflora. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Oct;50(10):3375-80. [Full Text]

Nord CE. Effect of new quinolones on the human gastrointestinal microflora. Rev Infect Dis. 1988 Jan-Feb;10 Suppl 1:S193-6.

Notkina N, Dahyot-Fizelier C, Gupta AK. In vivo microdialysis in pharmacological studies of antibacterial agents in the brain. Br J Anaesth. 2012 Aug;109(2):155-60. doi: 10.1093/bja/aes216. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Nova E, Viadel B, Wärnberg J, Carreres JE, Marcos A. Beneficial effects of a synbiotic supplement on self-perceived gastrointestinal well-being and immunoinflammatory status of healthy adults. J Med Food. 2011 Jan-Feb;14(1-2):79-85.

Noverr MC, Falkowski NR, McDonald RA, McKenzie AN, Huffnagle GB. Development of allergic airway disease in mice following antibiotic therapy and fungal microbiota increase: role of host genetics, antigen, and interleukin-13. Infect Immun. 2005 Jan;73(1):30-8. [Full Text]

Noverr MC, Noggle RM, Toews GB, Huffnagle GB. Role of antibiotics and fungal microbiota in driving pulmonary allergic responses. Infect Immun. 2004 Sep;72(9):4996-5003. [Full Text]

Nunes SO, Vargas HO, Brum J, Prado E, Vargas MM, de Castro MR, Dodd S, Berk M. A comparison of inflammatory markers in depressed and nondepressed smokers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2012 May;14(5):540-6. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Obeid R, Kostopoulos P, Knapp JP, Kasoha M, Becker G, Fassbender K, Herrmann W. Biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 are related in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Clin Chem. 2007 Feb;53(2):326-33. Epub 2007 Jan 2.

Ocon AJ, Medow MS, Taneja I, Clarke D, Stewart JM. Decreased upright cerebral blood flow and cerebral autoregulation in normocapnic postural tachycardia syndrome. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Aug;297(2):H664-73. Epub 2009 Jun 5. [Full Text]

Ocon AJ, Messer ZR, Medow MS, Stewart JM. Increasing orthostatic stress impairs neurocognitive functioning in chronic fatigue syndrome with postural tachycardia syndrome. Clin Sci (Lond). 2012 Mar;122(5):227-38. [Full Text]

O’Dowd H, Gladwell P, Rogers CA, Hollinghurst S, Gregory A. Cognitive behavioural therapy in chronic fatigue syndrome: a randomised controlled trial of an outpatient group programme. Health Technol Assess. 2006 Oct;10(37):iii-iv, ix-x, 1-121.

Ogawa M, Nishiura T, Yoshimura M, Horikawa Y, Yoshida H, Okajima Y, Matsumura I, Ishikawa J, Nakao H, Tomiyama Y, Kanayama Y, Kanakura Y, Matsuzawa Y. Decreased nitric oxide-mediated natural killer cell activation in chronic fatigue syndrome. Eur J Clin Invest. 1998 Nov;28(11):937-43.

Ogston D, Lea AG, Langhorne P, Wilson SB. The influence of the polyphenols of cider on plasmin and plasminogen activators. Br J Haematol. 1985 Aug;60(4):705-13.

Oh JH, Kwon TK. Withaferin A inhibits tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced expression of cell adhesion molecules by inactivation of Akt and NF-kappaB in human pulmonary epithelial cells. Int Immunopharmacol. 2009 May;9(5):614-9. Epub 2009 Feb 21.

Ohta A, Baba S, Takizawa T, Adachi T. Effects of fructooligosaccharides on the absorption of magnesium in the magnesium-deficient rat model. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1994 Apr;40(2):171-80.

Ohta A, Ohtsuki M, Baba S, Takizawa T, Adachi T, Kimura S. Effects of fructooligosaccharides on the absorption of iron, calcium and magnesium in iron-deficient anemic rats. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1995 Jun;41(3):281-91.

Ojetti V, Gigante G, Gabrielli M, Ainora ME, Mannocci A, Lauritano EC, Gasbarrini G, Gasbarrini A. The effect of oral supplementation with Lactobacillus reuteri or tilactase in lactose intolerant patients: randomized trial. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010 Mar;14(3):163-70.

Okamoto LE, Raj SR, Peltier A, Gamboa A, Shibao C, Diedrich A, Black BK, Robertson D, Biaggioni I. Neurohumoral and haemodynamic profile in postural tachycardia and chronic fatigue syndromes. Clin Sci (Lond). 2012 Feb;122(4):183-92. doi: 10.1042/CS20110200. [Full Text]

Oksi J, Nikoskelainen J, Hiekkanen H, Lauhio A, Peltomaa M, Pitkäranta A, Nyman D, Granlund H, Carlsson SA, Seppälä I, Valtonen V, Viljanen M. Duration of antibiotic treatment in disseminated Lyme borreliosis: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical study. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 Aug;26(8):571-81.

Olajide OA. Inhibitory Effects of St. John’s Wort on Inflammation: Ignored Potential of a Popular Herb. J Diet Suppl. 2009;6(1):28-32.

Olama SM, Senna MK, Elarman MM, Elhawary G. Serum vitamin D level and bone mineral density in premenopausal Egyptian women with fibromyalgia. Rheumatol Int. 2012 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Olesen M, Gudmand-Hoyer E. Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of fructooligosaccharides in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Dec;72(6):1570-5.

O’Mahony L, McCarthy J, Kelly P, Hurley G, Luo F, Chen K, O’Sullivan GC, Kiely B, Collins JK, Shanahan F, Quigley EM. Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in irritable bowel syndrome: symptom responses and relationship to cytokine profiles. Gastroenterology. 2005 Mar;128(3):541-51.

O’Malley PG, Balden E, Tomkins G, Santoro J, Kroenke K, Jackson JL. Treatment of fibromyalgia with antidepressants: a meta-analysis. J Gen Intern Med. 2000 Sep;15(9):659-66. [Full Text]

Ortancil O, Sanli A, Eryuksel R, Basaran A, Ankarali H. Association between serum ferritin level and fibromyalgia syndrome. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Mar;64(3):308-12. Epub 2010 Jan 20.

Ortega-Hernandez OD, Cuccia M, Bozzini S, Bassi N, Moscavitch S, Diaz-Gallo LM, Blank M, Agmon-Levin N, Shoenfeld Y. Autoantibodies, polymorphisms in the serotonin pathway, and human leukocyte antigen class II alleles in chronic fatigue syndrome: are they associated with age at onset and specific symptoms? Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Sep;1173:589-99.

Osterdahl M, Kocturk T, Koochek A, Wändell PE. Effects of a short-term intervention with a paleolithic diet in healthy volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2008 May;62(5):682-5. Epub 2007 May 16.

O’Sullivan MA, O’Morain CA. Bacterial supplementation in the irritable bowel syndrome. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study. Dig Liver Dis. 2000 May;32(4):294-301.

Oustamanolakis P, Koutroubakis IE, Messaritakis I, Kefalogiannis G, Niniraki M, Kouroumalis EA. Measurement of reticulocyte and red blood cell indices in the evaluation of anemia in inflammatory bowel disease. J Crohns Colitis. 2011 Aug;5(4):295-300. Epub 2011 Apr 3.

Padma Srivastava MV, Bhasin A, Bhatia R, Garg A, Gaikwad S, Prasad K, Singh MB, Tripathi M. Efficacy of minocycline in acute ischemic stroke: a single-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. Neurol India. 2012 Jan-Feb;60(1):23-8.

Padmavati S, Gupta U, Agarwal HK. Chronic infections & coronary artery disease with special reference to Chalmydia pneumoniae. Indian J Med Res. 2012;135:228-32. [Full Text]

Pais E, Alexy T, Holsworth RE Jr, Meiselman HJ. Effects of nattokinase, a pro-fibrinolytic enzyme, on red blood cell aggregation and whole blood viscosity. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2006;35(1-2):139-42.

Pall ML, Bedient SA. The NO/ONOO- cycle as the etiological mechanism of tinnitus. Int Tinnitus J. 2007;13(2):99-104.

Pall ML. Elevated, sustained peroxynitrite levels as the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Hypotheses. 2000 Jan;54(1):115-25.

Pall ML. Do sauna therapy and exercise act by raising the availability of tetrahydrobiopterin? Med Hypotheses. 2009 Oct;73(4):610-3. Epub 2009 Jul 5.

Palmer BF. Evaluation and treatment of respiratory alkalosis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Nov;60(5):834-8. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.03.025. Epub 2012 Aug 4.

Panagiotidis G, Bäckström T, Asker-Hagelberg C, Jandourek A, Weintraub A, Nord CE. or= 4 mg/liter) were found. Ceftaroline had no significant ecological impact on the human intestinal microflora.” target=”_blank”>Effect of ceftaroline on normal human intestinal microflora. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 May;54(5):1811-4. Epub 2010 Mar 15. [Full Text]

Panossian A, Nikoyan N, Ohanyan N, Hovhannisyan A, Abrahamyan H, Gabrielyan E, Wikman G. Comparative study of Rhodiola preparations on behavioral despair of rats. Phytomedicine. 2008 Jan;15(1-2):84-91. Epub 2007 Dec 3.

Panossian A, Wagner H. Stimulating effect of adaptogens: an overview with particular reference to their efficacy following single dose administration. Phytother Res. 2005 Oct;19(10):819-38.

Panossian A, Wikman G, Kaur P, Asea A. Adaptogens exert a stress-protective effect by modulation of expression of molecular chaperones. Phytomedicine. 2009 Jun;16(6-7):617-22. Epub 2009 Feb 1.

Pantoflickova D, Corthésy-Theulaz I, Dorta G, Stolte M, Isler P, Rochat F, Enslen M, Blum AL. Favourable effect of regular intake of fermented milk containing Lactobacillus johnsonii on Helicobacter pylori associated gastritis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Oct 15;18(8):805-13.

Paraschos S, Mitakou S, Skaltsounis AL. Chios gum mastic: A review of its biological activities. Curr Med Chem. 2012;19(14):2292-302.

Park HH, Lee S, Son HY, Park SB, Kim MS, Choi EJ, Singh TS, Ha JH, Lee MG, Kim JE, Hyun MC, Kwon TK, Kim YH, Kim SH. Flavonoids inhibit histamine release and expression of proinflammatory cytokines in mast cells. Arch Pharm Res. 2008 Oct;31(10):1303-11. Epub 2008 Oct 29.

Park MY, Kwon HJ, Sung MK. Dietary aloin, aloesin, or aloe-gel exerts anti-inflammatory activity in a rat colitis model. Life Sci. 2011 Mar 14;88(11-12):486-92. Epub 2011 Jan 26.

Park SK, Park DI, Choi JS, Kang MS, Park JH, Kim HJ, Cho YK, Sohn CI, Jeon WK, Kim BI. The effect of probiotics on Helicobacter pylori eradication. Hepatogastroenterology. 2007 Oct-Nov;54(79):2032-6.

Parker AJ, Wessely S, Cleare AJ. The neuroendocrinology of chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Psychol Med. 2001 Nov;31(8):1331-45.

Patarca R, Klimas NG, Lugtendorf S, Antoni M, Fletcher MA. Dysregulated expression of tumor necrosis factor in chronic fatigue syndrome: interrelations with cellular sources and patterns of soluble immune mediator expression. Clin Infect Dis. 1994 Jan;18 Suppl 1:S147-53.

Paul S, Shin HS, Kang SC. Inhibition of inflammations and macrophage activation by ginsenoside-Re isolated from Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer). Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 May;50(5):1354-61. Epub 2012 Feb 28.

Pearson DA, Paglieroni TG, Rein D, Wun T, Schramm DD, Wang JF, Holt RR, Gosselin R, Schmitz HH, Keen CL. The effects of flavanol-rich cocoa and aspirin on ex vivo platelet function. Thromb Res. 2002 May 15;106(4-5):191-7.

Peeyush Kumar T, Antony S, Soman S, Kuruvilla KP, George N, Paulose CS. Role of curcumin in the prevention of cholinergic mediated cortical dysfunctions in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2011 Jan 1;331(1):1-10. Epub 2010 Jul 15.

Pei SX, Chen XJ, Si Ren BZ, Liu YH, Cheng XS, Harris EM, Anand IS, Harris PC. Chronic mountain sickness in Tibet. Q J Med. 1989 Jun;71(266):555-74.

Peracchi M, Bamonti Catena F, Pomati M, De Franceschi M, Scalabrino G. Human cobalamin deficiency: alterations in serum tumour necrosis factor-alpha and epidermal growth factor. Eur J Haematol. 2001 Aug;67(2):123-7.

Pereira AP, Ferreira IC, Marcelino F, Valentão P, Andrade PB, Seabra R, Estevinho L, Bento A, Pereira JA. Phenolic compounds and antimicrobial activity of olive (Olea europaea L. Cv. Cobrançosa) leaves. Molecules. 2007 May 26;12(5):1153-62.

Perfumi M, Mattioli L. Adaptogenic and central nervous system effects of single doses of 3% rosavin and 1% salidroside Rhodiola rosea L. extract in mice. Phytother Res. 2007 Jan;21(1):37-43.

Perrin R, Embleton K, Pentreath VW, Jackson A. Longitudinal MRI shows no cerebral abnormality in chronic fatigue syndrome. Br J Radiol. 2010 May;83(989):419-23. doi: 10.1259/bjr/85621779. Epub 2010 Mar 11. [Full Text]

Peters MC, Tallman JA, Braun TM, Jacobson JJ. Clinical reduction of S. mutans in pre-school children using a novel liquorice root extract lollipop: a pilot study. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2010 Dec;11(6):274-8.

Peterson PK, Sirr SA, Grammith FC, Schenck CH, Pheley AM, Hu S, Chao CC. Effects of mild exercise on cytokines and cerebral blood flow in chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 1994 Mar;1(2):222-6. [Full Text]

Petyaev IM, Bashmakov YK. Could cheese be the missing piece in the French paradox puzzle? Med Hypotheses. 2012 Dec;79(6):746-9. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2012.08.018. Epub 2012 Sep 13.

Pfafferott C, Nash GB, Meiselman HJ. Red blood cell deformation in shear flow. Effects of internal and external phase viscosity and of in vivo aging. Biophys J. 1985 May;47(5):695-704. [Full Text]

Pham M, Lemberg DA, Day AS. Probiotics: sorting the evidence from the myths. Med J Aust. 2008 Mar 3;188(5):304-8.

Philippe D, Heupel E, Blum-Sperisen S, Riedel CU. Treatment with Bifidobacterium bifidum 17 partially protects mice from Th1-driven inflammation in a chemically induced model of colitis. Int J Food Microbiol. 2011 Sep 1;149(1):45-9. Epub 2010 Dec 31.

Picchietti DL, Wang VC, Picchietti MA. Intravenous Iron Given prior to Pregnancy for Restless Legs Syndrome is Associated with Remission of Symptoms. J Clin Sleep Med. 2012 Oct 15;8(5):585-6. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.2168.

Pihur V, Datta S, Datta S. Meta analysis of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome through integration of clinical, gene expression, SNP and proteomic data. Bioinformation. 2011 Apr 22;6(3):120-4. [Full Text]

Plesh O, Wolfe F, Lane N. The relationship between fibromyalgia and temporomandibular disorders: prevalence and symptom severity. J Rheumatol. 1996 Nov;23(11):1948-52.

Pletz MW, Rau M, Bulitta J, De Roux A, Burkhardt O, Kruse G, Kurowski M, Nord CE, Lode H. Ertapenem pharmacokinetics and impact on intestinal microflora, in comparison to those of ceftriaxone, after multiple dosing in male and female volunteers. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Oct;48(10):3765-72. [Full Text]

Pochard P, Gosset P, Grangette C, Andre C, Tonnel AB, Pestel J, Mercenier A. Lactic acid bacteria inhibit TH2 cytokine production by mononuclear cells from allergic patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Oct;110(4):617-23.

Podlogar JA, Verspohl EJ. Antiinflammatory effects of ginger and some of its components in human bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells. Phytother Res. 2012 Mar;26(3):333-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3558. Epub 2011 Jun 23.

Pound MW, May DB. Proposed mechanisms and preventative options of Jarisch-Herxheimer reactions. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2005 Jun;30(3):291-5.

Pour BM, Latha LY, Sasidharan S. Cytotoxicity and oral acute toxicity studies of Lantana camara leaf extract. Molecules. 2011 May 3;16(5):3663-74.

Prantera C, Kohn A, Mangiarotti R, Andreoli A, Luzi C. Antimycobacterial therapy in Crohn’s disease: results of a controlled, double-blind trial with a multiple antibiotic regimen. Am J Gastroenterol. 1994 Apr;89(4):513-8.

Prantera C, Scribano ML. Probiotics and Crohn’s disease. Dig Liver Dis. 2002 Sep;34 Suppl 2:S66-7.

Prantera C, Scribano ML. Antibiotics and probiotics in inflammatory bowel disease: why, when, and how. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2009 Jul;25(4):329-33.

Pregliasco F, Anselmi G, Fonte L, Giussani F, Schieppati S, Soletti L. A new chance of preventing winter diseases by the administration of synbiotic formulations. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2008 Sep;42 Suppl 3 Pt 2:S224-33.

Preidis GA, Versalovic J. Targeting the human microbiome with antibiotics, probiotics, and prebiotics: gastroenterology enters the metagenomics era. Gastroenterology. 2009 May;136(6):2015-31.

Press J, Phillip M, Neumann L, Barak R, Segev Y, Abu-Shakra M, Buskila D. Normal melatonin levels in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. J Rheumatol. 1998 Mar;25(3):551-5.

Presson AP, Sobel EM, Papp JC, Suarez CJ, Whistler T, Rajeevan MS, Vernon SD, Horvath S. Integrated weighted gene co-expression network analysis with an application to chronic fatigue syndrome. BMC Syst Biol. 2008 Nov 6;2:95. [Full Text]

Price EJ, Venables PJ. Dry eyes and mouth syndrome–a subgroup of patients presenting with sicca symptoms. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2002 Apr;41(4):416-22.

Priori R, Conti F, Luan FL, Arpino C, Valesini G. Chronic fatigue: a peculiar evolution of eosinophilia myalgia syndrome following treatment with L-tryptophan in four Italian adolescents. Eur J Pediatr. 1994 May;153(5):344-6.

Pritchett JC, Nanau RM, Neuman MG. The Link between Hypersensitivity Syndrome Reaction Development and Human Herpes Virus-6 Reactivation. Int J Hepatol. 2012;2012:723062. Epub 2012 May 16. [Full Text]

Puri BK, Counsell SJ, Zaman R, Main J, Collins AG, Hajnal JV, Davey NJ. Relative increase in choline in the occipital cortex in chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2002 Sep;106(3):224-6.

Puri BK, Holmes J, Hamilton G. Eicosapentaenoic acid-rich essential fatty acid supplementation in chronic fatigue syndrome associated with symptom remission and structural brain changes. Int J Clin Pract. 2004 Mar;58(3):297-9.

Purslow C. Rifaximin and lubiprostone: the best options for treating irritable bowel syndrome? Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Jun;6(3):263.

Pyleris E, Giamarellos-Bourboulis EJ, Tzivras D, Koussoulas V, Barbatzas C, Pimentel M. The prevalence of overgrowth by aerobic bacteria in the small intestine by small bowel culture: relationship with irritable bowel syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2012 May;57(5):1321-9. Epub 2012 Jan 20.

Quah SY, Wu S, Lui JN, Sum CP, Tan KS. N-acetylcysteine inhibits growth and eradicates biofilm of Enterococcus faecalis. J Endod. 2012 Jan;38(1):81-5. Epub 2011 Nov 21.

Quigley EM. Therapies aimed at the gut microbiota and inflammation: antibiotics, prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics, anti-inflammatory therapies. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2011 Mar;40(1):207-22.

Raad II, Fang X, Keutgen XM, Jiang Y, Sherertz R, Hachem R. The role of chelators in preventing biofilm formation and catheter-related bloodstream infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2008 Aug;21(4):385-92.

Rabiei Z, Bigdeli MR, Rasoulian B, Ghassempour A, Mirzajani F. The neuroprotection effect of pretreatment with olive leaf extract on brain lipidomics in rat stroke model. Phytomedicine. 2012 Jul 15;19(10):940-6. Epub 2012 Jul 15.

Rac MW, Greer LG, Wendel GD Jr. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction triggered by group B streptococcus intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Aug;116 Suppl 2:552-6.

Racciatti D, Dalessandro M, Delle Donne L, Falasca K, Zingariello P, Paganelli R, Pizzigallo E, Vecchiet J. Study of immune alterations in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome with different etiologies. Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2004 May-Aug;17(2 Suppl):57-62.

Racciatti D, Vecchiet J, Ceccomancini A, Ricci F, Pizzigallo E. Chronic fatigue syndrome following a toxic exposure. Sci Total Environ. 2001 Apr 10;270(1-3):27-31.

Rahman K, Burton A, Galbraith S, Lloyd A, Vollmer-Conna U. Sleep-wake behavior in chronic fatigue syndrome. Sleep. 2011 May 1;34(5):671-8. [Full Text]

Raison CL, Lin JM, Reeves WC. Association of peripheral inflammatory markers with chronic fatigue in a population-based sample. Brain Behav Immun. 2009 Mar;23(3):327-37. Epub 2008 Dec 11.

Raj SR, Robertson D. Blood volume perturbations in the postural tachycardia syndrome. Am J Med Sci. 2007 Jul;334(1):57-60.

Raja AF, Ali F, Khan IA, Shawl AS, Arora DS, Shah BA, Taneja SC. Antistaphylococcal and biofilm inhibitory activities of acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid from Boswellia serrata. BMC Microbiol. 2011 Mar 16;11:54. [Full Text]

Rajeevan MS, Smith AK, Dimulescu I, Unger ER, Vernon SD, Heim C, Reeves WC. Glucocorticoid receptor polymorphisms and haplotypes associated with chronic fatigue syndrome. Genes Brain Behav. 2007 Mar;6(2):167-76.

Ramage G, Wickes BL, López-Ribot JL. Inhibition on Candida albicans biofilm formation using divalent cation chelators (EDTA). Mycopathologia. 2007 Dec;164(6):301-6. Epub 2007 Oct 2.

Ramirez Boscá A, Soler A, Carrión-Gutiérrez MA, Pamies Mira D, Pardo Zapata J, Diaz-Alperi J, Bernd A, Quintanilla Almagro E, Miquel J. An hydroalcoholic extract of Curcuma longa lowers the abnormally high values of human-plasma fibrinogen. Mech Ageing Dev. 2000 Apr 14;114(3):207-10.

Ramiro-Puig E, Pérez-Cano FJ, Ramírez-Santana C, Castellote C, Izquierdo-Pulido M, Permanyer J, Franch A, Castell M. Spleen lymphocyte function modulated by a cocoa-enriched diet. Clin Exp Immunol. 2007 Sep;149(3):535-42. Epub 2007 Jun 12. [Full Text]

Ramos-Romero S, Pérez-Cano FJ, Pérez-Berezo T, Castellote C, Franch A, Castell M. Effect of a cocoa flavonoid-enriched diet on experimental autoimmune arthritis. Br J Nutr. 2012 Feb;107(4):523-32. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Ranjan D, Johnston TD, Reddy KS, Wu G, Bondada S, Chen C. Enhanced apoptosis mediates inhibition of EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell line proliferation by curcumin. J Surg Res. 1999 Nov;87(1):1-5.

Rao AV, Bested AC, Beaulne TM, Katzman MA, Iorio C, Berardi JM, Logan AC. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of a probiotic in emotional symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. Gut Pathog. 2009 Mar 19;1(1):6. [Full Text]

Rashid M, Weintraub A, Nord CE. Comparative effects of the immediate and the extended release formulations of ciprofloxacin on normal human intestinal microflora. J Chemother. 2011 Jun;23(3):145-9.

Rasmussen TB, Bjarnsholt T, Skindersoe ME, Hentzer M, Kristoffersen P, Köte M, Nielsen J, Eberl L, Givskov M. Screening for quorum-sensing inhibitors (QSI) by use of a novel genetic system, the QSI selector. J Bacteriol. 2005 Mar;187(5):1799-814. [Full Text]

Razumovsky AY, DeBusk K, Calkins H, Snader S, Lucas KE, Vyas P, Hanley DF, Rowe PC. Cerebral and systemic hemodynamics changes during upright tilt in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Neuroimaging. 2003 Jan;13(1):57-67.

Redman DA. Ruscus aculeatus (butcher’s broom) as a potential treatment for orthostatic hypotension, with a case report. J Altern Complement Med. 2000 Dec;6(6):539-49.

Regland B, Andersson M, Abrahamsson L, Bagby J, Dyrehag LE, Gottfries CG. Increased concentrations of homocysteine in the cerebrospinal fluid in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Scand J Rheumatol. 1997;26(4):301-7.

Rehman A, Heinsen FA, Koenen ME, Venema K, Knecht H, Hellmig S, Schreiber S, Ott SJ. Effects of probiotics and antibiotics on the intestinal homeostasis in a computer controlled model of the large intestine. BMC Microbiol. 2012 Mar 27;12:47. doi: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-47. [Full Text]

Reid SF, Chalder T, Cleare A, Hotopf M, Wessely S. Chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Evid (Online). 2008 Aug 28;2008. pii: 1101. [Full Text]

Reifen R. Vitamin A as an anti-inflammatory agent. Proc Nutr Soc. 2002 Aug;61(3):397-400.

Reiter RJ, Acuna-Castroviejo D, Tan DX. Melatonin therapy in fibromyalgia. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2007 Oct;11(5):339-42.

Remick DG, Negussie Y, Fekade D, Griffin G. Pentoxifylline fails to prevent the Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction or associated cytokine release. J Infect Dis. 1996 Sep;174(3):627-30.

Rhee H, Cameron DJ. Lyme disease and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS): an overview. Int J Gen Med. 2012;5:163-74. Epub 2012 Feb 22. [Full Text]

Riaz A, Khan RA, Ahmed SP. Assessment of anticoagulant effect of evening primrose oil. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2009 Oct;22(4):355-9.

Rizzo A, Di Domenico M, Carratelli CR, Mazzola N, Paolillo R. Induction of proinflammatory cytokines in human osteoblastic cells by Chlamydia pneumoniae. Cytokine. 2011 Nov;56(2):450-7. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Rizzo A, Paolillo R, Buommino E, Lanza AG, Guida L, Annunziata M, Carratelli CR. Modulation of cytokine and beta-defensin 2 expressions in human gingival fibroblasts infected with Chlamydia pneumoniae. Int Immunopharmacol. 2008 Sep;8(9):1239-47. Epub 2008 May 22.

Roberfroid M, Gibson GR, Hoyles L, McCartney AL, Rastall R, Rowland I, Wolvers D, Watzl B, Szajewska H, Stahl B, Guarner F, Respondek F, Whelan K, Coxam V, Davicco MJ, Léotoing L, Wittrant Y, Delzenne NM, Cani PD, Neyrinck AM, Meheust A. Prebiotic effects: metabolic and health benefits. Br J Nutr. 2010 Aug;104 Suppl 2:S1-63.

Robertson SA. Simple acid-base disorders. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1989 Mar;19(2):289-306.

Robinson RL, Kroenke K, Mease P, Williams DA, Chen Y, D’Souza D, Wohlreich M, McCarberg B. Burden of Illness and Treatment Patterns for Patients with Fibromyalgia. Pain Med. 2012 Oct;13(10):1366-1376. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2012.01475.x. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Rogers GB, Carroll MP, Bruce KD. Enhancing the utility of existing antibiotics by targeting bacterial behaviour? Br J Pharmacol. 2012 Feb;165(4):845-57. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01643.x.

Rolfe VE, Fortun PJ, Hawkey CJ, Bath-Hextall F. Probiotics for maintenance of remission in Crohn’s disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Oct 18;(4):CD004826.

Romero MR, Serrano MA, Vallejo M, Efferth T, Alvarez M, Marin JJ. Antiviral effect of artemisinin from Artemisia annua against a model member of the Flaviviridae family, the bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV). Planta Med. 2006 Oct;72(13):1169-74. Epub 2006 Aug 10.

Ross GR, Van Nieuwenhove CP, González SN. <a href="; title="The aim of this work…nificantly higher (p Fatty Acid Profile of Pig Meat after Probiotic Administration. J Agric Food Chem. 2012 Jun 1. [Epub ahead of print]

Rossini M, Di Munno O, Valentini G, Bianchi G, Biasi G, Cacace E, Malesci D, La Montagna G, Viapiana O, Adami S. Double-blind, multicenter trial comparing acetyl l-carnitine with placebo in the treatment of fibromyalgia patients. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2007 Mar-Apr;25(2):182-8.

Rothstein JD, Patel S, Regan MR, Haenggeli C, Huang YH, Bergles DE, Jin L, Dykes Hoberg M, Vidensky S, Chung DS, Toan SV, Bruijn LI, Su ZZ, Gupta P, Fisher PB. Beta-lactam antibiotics offer neuroprotection by increasing glutamate transporter expression. Nature. 2005 Jan 6;433(7021):73-7.

Russell IJ, Michalek JE, Flechas JD, Abraham GE. Treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome with Super Malic: a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, crossover pilot study. J Rheumatol. 1995 May;22(5):953-8.

Saggioro A. Probiotics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2004 Jul;38(6 Suppl):S104-6.

Sahin F, Gerceker D, Karasartova D, Ozsan TM. Detection of herpes simplex virus type 1 in addition to Epstein-Bar virus in tonsils using a new multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2007 Jan;57(1):47-51. Epub 2006 Dec 1.

Sakagami H, Kishino K, Kobayashi M, Hashimoto K, Iida S, Shimetani A, Nakamura Y, Takahashi K, Ikarashi T, Fukamachi H, Satoh K, Nakashima H, Shimizu T, Takeda K, Watanabe S, Nakamura W. Selective antibacterial and apoptosis-modulating activities of mastic. In Vivo. 2009 Mar-Apr;23(2):215-23.

Sakarya ST, Akyol Y, Bedir A, Canturk F. The relationship between serum antioxidant vitamins, magnesium levels, and clinical parameters in patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome. Clin Rheumatol. 2011 Aug;30(8):1039-43. Epub 2011 Feb 24. [Full Text]

Sakata T, Kario K, Asada R, Fuji S, Matsuo T, Katayama Y, Matsuyama T, Kato H, Miyata T. Increased activated factor VII levels caused by intake of natto, a Japanese vitamin K-rich food prepared from fermented soybean. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1997 Nov;8(8):533-4.

Salemi S, Rethage J, Wollina U, Michel BA, Gay RE, Gay S, Sprott H. Detection of interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in skin of patients with fibromyalgia. J Rheumatol. 2003 Jan;30(1):146-50.

Sánchez-Barceló EJ, Mediavilla MD, Tan DX, Reiter RJ. Clinical uses of melatonin: evaluation of human trials. Curr Med Chem. 2010;17(19):2070-95.

Sanders P, Korf J. Neuroaetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome: an overview. World J Biol Psychiatry. 2008;9(3):165-71.

Sandra D, Radha M, Harishkumar M, Yuichi N, Sayuri O, Masugi M. Downregulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 by grape seed proanthocyanidin extract. Phytomedicine. 2010 Jan;17(1):42-6. Epub 2009 Jul 28.

Sankar SR, Manivasagam T, Krishnamurti A, Ramanathan M. The neuroprotective effect of Withania somnifera root extract in MPTP-intoxicated mice: an analysis of behavioral and biochemical variables. Cell Mol Biol Lett. 2007;12(4):473-81. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

Sano T, Oda E, Yamashita T, Naemura A, Ijiri Y, Yamakoshi J, Yamamoto J. Anti-thrombotic effect of proanthocyanidin, a purified ingredient of grape seed. Thromb Res. 2005;115(1-2):115-21.

Santaella ML, Font I, Disdier OM. Comparison of oral nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) versus conventional therapy for chronic fatigue syndrome. P R Health Sci J. 2004 Jun;23(2):89-93.

Santello M, Volterra A. TNFα in synaptic function: switching gears. Trends Neurosci. 2012 Oct;35(10):638-47. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2012.06.001. Epub 2012 Jun 30.

Santos RX, Correia SC, Cardoso S, Carvalho C, Santos MS, Moreira PI. Effects of rapamycin and TOR on aging and memory: implications for Alzheimer’s disease. J Neurochem. 2011 Jun;117(6):927-36. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07262.x. Epub 2011 May 3.

Sapi E, Kaur N, Anyanwu S, Luecke DF, Datar A, Patel S, Rossi M, Stricker RB. Evaluation of in-vitro antibiotic susceptibility of different morphological forms of Borrelia burgdorferi. Infect Drug Resist. 2011;4:97-113. Epub 2011 May 3. [Full Text]

Sara SJ, Lefevre D. Hypoxia-induced amnesia in one-trial learning and pharmacological protection by piracetam. Psychopharmacologia. 1972;25(1):32-40.

Sargent C, Scroop GC, Nemeth PM, Burnet RB, Buckley JD. Maximal oxygen uptake and lactate metabolism are normal in chronic fatigue syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Jan;34(1):51-6.

Sarna SK. Lessons Learnt from Post-Infectious IBS. Front Physiol. 2011;2:49. Epub 2011 Aug 23. [Full Text]

Sathish R, Vyawahare B, Natarajan K. Antiulcerogenic activity of Lantana camara leaves on gastric and duodenal ulcers in experimental rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Mar 8;134(1):195-7. Epub 2010 Dec 1.

Saulnier DM, Gibson GR, Kolida S. In vitro effects of selected synbiotics on the human faecal microbiota composition. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2008 Dec;66(3):516-27. Epub 2008 Jul 30.

Savino F, Roana J, Mandras N, Tarasco V, Locatelli E, Tullio V. Faecal microbiota in breast-fed infants after antibiotic therapy. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Jan;100(1):75-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.01988.x. Epub 2010 Sep 9.

Scharl M, Geisel S, Vavricka SR, Rogler G. Dying in yoghurt: the number of living bacteria in probiotic yoghurt decreases under exposure to room temperature. Digestion. 2011;83(1-2):13-7. Epub 2010 Sep 14.

Schmaling KB, Jones JF. or = 70): scales 1, 2, 3, and 8. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for intervention strategies associated with MMPI-based CFS subtypes.” target=”_blank”>MMPI profiles of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Psychosom Res. 1996 Jan;40(1):67-74.

Schmaling KB, Lewis DH, Fiedelak JI, Mahurin R, Buchwald DS. Single-photon emission computerized tomography and neurocognitive function in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med. 2003 Jan-Feb;65(1):129-36.

Schnieders J, Willemsen D, de Boer H. Factors contributing to chronic fatigue after traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2012 Nov;27(6):404-12. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e3182306341.

Scholz-Ahrens KE, Ade P, Marten B, Weber P, Timm W, Açil Y, Glüer CC, Schrezenmeir J. Prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics affect mineral absorption, bone mineral content, and bone structure. J Nutr. 2007 Mar;137(3 Suppl 2):838S-46S.

Schondorf R, Benoit J, Wein T, Phaneuf D. Orthostatic intolerance in the chronic fatigue syndrome. J Auton Nerv Syst. 1999 Feb 15;75(2-3):192-201.

Schrauben SJ, Bhanusali DG, Sheets S, Sinha AA. A case of argyria: multiple forms of silver ingestion in a patient with comorbid schizoaffective disorder. Cutis. 2012 May;89(5):221-4.

Schriner SE, Abrahamyan A, Avanessian A, Bussel I, Maler S, Gazarian M, Holmbeck MA, Jafari M. Decreased mitochondrial superoxide levels and enhanced protection against paraquat in Drosophila melanogaster supplemented with Rhodiola rosea. Free Radic Res. 2009 Sep;43(9):836-43. Epub 2009 Jul 24.

Schroeder CM, Zhao C, DebRoy C, Torcolini J, Zhao S, White DG, Wagner DD, McDermott PF, Walker RD, Meng J. Antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli O157 isolated from humans, cattle, swine, and food. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002 Feb;68(2):576-81. [Full Text]

Schulz C, von Beckerath O, Okrojek R, von Beckerath N, Massberg S. Platelet dysfunction and inhibition of multiple electrode platelet aggregometry caused by penicillin. Thromb J. 2010 Jul 21;8:13. [Full Text]

Schutzer SE, Angel TE, Liu T, Schepmoes AA, Clauss TR, Adkins JN, Camp DG, Holland BK, Bergquist J, Coyle PK, Smith RD, Fallon BA, Natelson BH. Distinct cerebrospinal fluid proteomes differentiate post-treatment lyme disease from chronic fatigue syndrome. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 23;6(2):e17287. [Full Text]

Schwartz RB, Garada BM, Komaroff AL, Tice HM, Gleit M, Jolesz FA, Holman BL. Detection of intracranial abnormalities in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: comparison of MR imaging and SPECT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Apr;162(4):935-41.

Schwartz RB, Komaroff AL, Garada BM, Gleit M, Doolittle TH, Bates DW, Vasile RG, Holman BL. SPECT imaging of the brain: comparison of findings in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, AIDS dementia complex, and major unipolar depression. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994 Apr;162(4):943-51.

Schwiertz A, Jacobi M, Frick JS, Richter M, Rusch K, Köhler H. Microbiota in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. J Pediatr. 2010 Aug;157(2):240-244.e1. Epub 2010 Apr 18.

Scopp AL. MSG and hydrolyzed vegetable protein induced headache: review and case studies. Headache. 1991 Feb;31(2):107-10.

Scott LV, Salahuddin F, Cooney J, Svec F, Dinan TG. Differences in adrenal steroid profile in chronic fatigue syndrome, in depression and in health. J Affect Disord. 1999 Jul;54(1-2):129-37.

Scott LV, Svec F, Dinan T. A preliminary study of dehydroepiandrosterone response to low-dose ACTH in chronic fatigue syndrome and in healthy subjects. Psychiatry Res. 2000 Dec 4;97(1):21-8.

Seboxa T, Rahlenbeck SI. Treatment of louse-borne relapsing fever with low dose penicillin or tetracycline: a clinical trial. Scand J Infect Dis. 1995;27(1):29-31.

See S, Scott EK, Levin MW. Penicillin-induced Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. Ann Pharmacother. 2005 Dec;39(12):2128-30. Epub 2005 Nov 15.

Sekiguchi A, Kanno H, Ozawa H, Yamaya S, Itoi E. Rapamycin promotes autophagy and reduces neural tissue damage and locomotor impairment after spinal cord injury in mice. J Neurotrauma. 2012 Mar 20;29(5):946-56. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Selby W, Pavli P, Crotty B, Florin T, Radford-Smith G, Gibson P, Mitchell B, Connell W, Read R, Merrett M, Ee H, Hetzel D; Antibiotics in Crohn’s Disease Study Group. Two-year combination antibiotic therapy with clarithromycin, rifabutin, and clofazimine for Crohn’s disease. Gastroenterology. 2007 Jun;132(7):2313-9. Epub 2007 Mar 21.

Sen S, Mullan MM, Parker TJ, Woolner JT, Tarry SA, Hunter JO. Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum 299v on colonic fermentation and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Dig Dis Sci. 2002 Nov;47(11):2615-20.

Senel K, Baygutalp F, Baykal T, Erdal A, Ugur M. Melatonin levels in premenopausal women with fibromyalgia syndrome. Rheumatol Int. 2011 Dec 23. [Epub ahead of print]

Sengupta K, Kolla JN, Krishnaraju AV, Yalamanchili N, Rao CV, Golakoti T, Raychaudhuri S, Raychaudhuri SP. Cellular and molecular mechanisms of anti-inflammatory effect of Aflapin: a novel Boswellia serrata extract. Mol Cell Biochem. 2011 Aug;354(1-2):189-97. Epub 2011 Apr 11.

Senol A, Işler M, Karahan AG, Kiliç GB, Kuleaşan H, Gören I, Saritaş U, Kaya S, Cırış M, Aktürk O, Aridoğan BC, Demırın H, Cakmakçi LM. Effect of probiotics on aspirin-induced gastric mucosal lesions. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2011 Feb;22(1):18-26.

Seo EJ, Weibel S, Wehkamp J, Oelschlaeger TA. Construction of recombinant E. coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) strains for the expression and secretion of defensins. Int J Med Microbiol. 2012 Nov;302(6):276-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2012.05.002. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Sepehri S, Khafipour E, Bernstein CN, Coombes BK, Pilar AV, Karmali M, Ziebell K, Krause DO. Characterization of Escherichia coli isolated from gut biopsies of newly diagnosed patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Jul;17(7):1451-63. doi: 10.1002/ibd.21509. Epub 2010 Dec 9.

Serban DE. The gut microbiota in the metagenomics era: sometimes a friend, sometimes a foe. Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol. 2011 Jul-Sep;70(3):134-40.

Serna H, Porras M, Vergara P. Mast cell stabilizer ketotifen [4-(1-methyl-4-piperidylidene)-4h-benzo[4,5]cyclohepta[1,2-b]thiophen-10(9H)-one fumarate] prevents mucosal mast cell hyperplasia and intestinal dysmotility in experimental Trichinella spiralis inflammation in the rat. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 Dec;319(3):1104-11. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

Seshu J, Boylan JA, Gherardini FC, Skare JT. Dissolved oxygen levels alter gene expression and antigen profiles in Borrelia burgdorferi. Infect Immun. 2004 Mar;72(3):1580-6. [Full Text]

Shafran I, Kugler L, El-Zaatari FA, Naser SA, Sandoval J. Open clinical trial of rifabutin and clarithromycin therapy in Crohn’s disease. Dig Liver Dis. 2002 Jan;34(1):22-8.

Shah E, Kim S, Chong K, Lembo A, Pimentel M. Evaluation of harm in the pharmacotherapy of irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Med. 2012 Apr;125(4):381-93.

Shah ED, Riddle MS, Chang C, Pimentel M. Estimating the contribution of acute gastroenteritis to the overall prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Apr;18(2):200-4. Epub 2012 Apr 9. [Full Text]

Shah M, Williams C, Aggarwal A, Choudhry WM. Licorice-related rhabdomyolysis: a big price for a sweet tooth. Clin Nephrol. 2012 Jun;77(6):491-5.

Shakeri A, Tabibi H, Hedayati M. Effects of L-carnitine supplement on serum inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein, lipoprotein (a), and oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients with Lp (a) hyperlipoproteinemia. Hemodial Int. 2010 Oct;14(4):498-504. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-4758.2010.00476.x. Epub 2010 Aug 31.

Shannon JR, Flattem NL, Jordan J, Jacob G, Black BK, Biaggioni I, Blakely RD, Robertson D. Orthostatic intolerance and tachycardia associated with norepinephrine-transporter deficiency. N Engl J Med. 2000 Feb 24;342(8):541-9.

Shapiro JS. Does varicella-zoster virus infection of the peripheral ganglia cause Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? Med Hypotheses. 2009 Nov;73(5):728-34. Epub 2009 Jun 10.

Sharma SD, Katiyar SK. Dietary grape seed proanthocyanidins inhibit UVB-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression and other inflammatory mediators in UVB-exposed skin and skin tumors of SKH-1 hairless mice. Pharm Res. 2010 Jun;27(6):1092-102. Epub 2010 Feb 9.

Sheehan J, Gaman A, Vangel M, Kuo B. Pooled analysis of brain activity in irritable bowel syndrome and controls during rectal balloon distension. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2011 Apr;23(4):336-46, e158. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01635.x. Epub 2010 Nov 30. [Full Text]

Shen J, Ran HZ, Yin MH, Zhou TX, Xiao DS. Meta-analysis: the effect and adverse events of Lactobacilli versus placebo in maintenance therapy for Crohn disease. Intern Med J. 2009 Feb;39(2):103-9.

Shin CH, Bateman L, Schlaberg R, Bunker AM, Leonard CJ, Hughen RW, Light AR, Light KC, Singh IR. Absence of XMRV retrovirus and other murine leukemia virus-related viruses in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Virol. 2011 Jul;85(14):7195-202. Epub 2011 May 4. [Full Text]

Shin HY, An NH, Cha YJ, Shin EJ, Shin TY, Baek SH, Kim CH, Lyu YS, Lee EJ, Kim HM. Effect of Kuibitang on lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine production in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Feb;90(2-3):253-9.

Shin HY, Shin CH, Shin TY, Lee EJ, Kim HM. Effect of bojungikki-tang on lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine production from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2003 Nov;25(4):491-501.

Shishioh-Ikejima N, Ogawa T, Yamaguti K, Watanabe Y, Kuratsune H, Kiyama H. The increase of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone in the plasma of chronic fatigue syndrome patients. BMC Neurol. 2010 Aug 23;10:73. [Full Text]

Shlaes DM. An update on tetracyclines. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2006 Feb;7(2):167-71.

Shoemaker RC, House DE. A time-series study of sick building syndrome: chronic, biotoxin-associated illness from exposure to water-damaged buildings. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2005 Jan-Feb;27(1):29-46.

Shoemaker RC, House DE. Sick building syndrome (SBS) and exposure to water-damaged buildings: time series study, clinical trial and mechanisms. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2006 Sep-Oct;28(5):573-88. Epub 2006 Aug 7.

Shoemaker RC. Residential and recreational acquisition of possible estuary-associated syndrome: a new approach to successful diagnosis and treatment. Environ Health Perspect. 2001 Oct;109 Suppl 5:791-6. [Full Text]

Si JM, Yu YC, Fan YJ, Chen SJ. Intestinal microecology and quality of life in irritable bowel syndrome patients. World J Gastroenterol. 2004 Jun 15;10(12):1802-5.

Siddiqui MZ. Boswellia serrata, a potential antiinflammatory agent: an overview. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2011 May;73(3):255-61. [Full Text]

Siegel SD, Antoni MH, Fletcher MA, Maher K, Segota MC, Klimas N. Impaired natural immunity, cognitive dysfunction, and physical symptoms in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: preliminary evidence for a subgroup? J Psychosom Res. 2006 Jun;60(6):559-66.

Siessmeier T, Nix WA, Hardt J, Schreckenberger M, Egle UT, Bartenstein P. Observer independent analysis of cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Jul;74(7):922-8. [Full Text]

Silberstein P, Lawrence R, Pryor D, Shnier R. A case of neurosyphilis with a florid Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. J Clin Neurosci. 2002 Nov;9(6):689-90.

Silverman RH, Nguyen C, Weight CJ, Klein EA. The human retrovirus XMRV in prostate cancer and chronic fatigue syndrome. Nat Rev Urol. 2010 Jul;7(7):392-402. Epub 2010 Jun 1.

Simoes JA, Aroutcheva AA, Heimler I, Faro S. Antibiotic resistance patterns of group B streptococcal clinical isolates. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2004;12(1):1-8. [Full Text]

Simrén M, Barbara G, Flint HJ, Spiegel BM, Spiller RC, Vanner S, Verdu EF, Whorwell PJ, Zoetendal EG. Intestinal microbiota in functional bowel disorders: a Rome foundation report. Gut. 2012 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Sinaii N, Cleary SD, Ballweg ML, Nieman LK, Stratton P. High rates of autoimmune and endocrine disorders, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome and atopic diseases among women with endometriosis: a survey analysis. Hum Reprod. 2002 Oct;17(10):2715-24.

Singh A, Garg V, Gupta S, Kulkarni SK. Role of antioxidants in chronic fatigue syndrome in mice. Indian J Exp Biol. 2002 Nov;40(11):1240-4.

Singh A, Naidu PS, Gupta S, Kulkarni SK. Effect of natural and synthetic antioxidants in a mouse model of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Med Food. 2002 Winter;5(4):211-20.

Sinha L, Liston R, Testa HJ, Moriarty KJ. Idiopathic bile acid malabsorption: qualitative and quantitative clinical features and response to cholestyramine. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1998 Sep;12(9):839-44.

Sirois DA, Natelson B. Clinicopathological findings consistent with primary Sjögren’s syndrome in a subset of patients diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome: preliminary observations. J Rheumatol. 2001 Jan;28(1):126-31.

Sjölund M, Wreiber K, Andersson DI, Blaser MJ, Engstrand L. Long-term persistence of resistant Enterococcus species after antibiotics to eradicate Helicobacter pylori. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Sep 16;139(6):483-7.

Smajs D, Bureš J, Smarda J, Chaloupková E, Květina J, Förstl M, Kohoutová D, Kuneš M, Rejchrt S, Lesná J, Kopáčová M. Experimental administration of the probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 results in decreased diversity of E. coli strains in pigs. Curr Microbiol. 2012 Mar;64(3):205-10. Epub 2011 Nov 25.

Smith AK, Dimulescu I, Falkenberg VR, Narasimhan S, Heim C, Vernon SD, Rajeevan MS. Genetic evaluation of the serotonergic system in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2008 Feb;33(2):188-97.

Smith AK, Fang H, Whistler T, Unger ER, Rajeevan MS. Convergent genomic studies identify association of GRIK2 and NPAS2 with chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychobiology. 2011;64(4):183-94. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

Smith AK, White PD, Aslakson E, Vollmer-Conna U, Rajeevan MS. Polymorphisms in genes regulating the HPA axis associated with empirically delineated classes of unexplained chronic fatigue. Pharmacogenomics. 2006 Apr;7(3):387-94.

Smith JD, Terpening CM, Schmidt SO, Gums JG. Relief of fibromyalgia symptoms following discontinuation of dietary excitotoxins. Ann Pharmacother. 2001 Jun;35(6):702-6.

Soepandi P, Mangunnegoro H, Yunus F, Gunawan J. The pattern of micro-organisms and the efficacy of new macrolide in acute lower respiratory tract infections. Respirology. 1998 Jun;3(2):113-7.

Sommerfeldt L, Portilla H, Jacobsen L, Gjerstad J, Wyller VB. Polymorphisms of adrenergic cardiovascular control genes are associated with adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Paediatr. 2011 Feb;100(2):293-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.02072.x. Epub 2010 Nov 18.

Song CS, Park DI, Yoon MY, Seok HS, Park JH, Kim HJ, Cho YK, Sohn CI, Jeon WK, Kim BI. <a href="; title="BACKGROUND: Recent s…ve (AUC) in CD, 0.852, P < 0.001; AUC in UC, 0.827, P Association between red cell distribution width and disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Dig Dis Sci. 2012 Apr;57(4):1033-8. Epub 2011 Dec 7.

Sood A, Midha V, Makharia GK, Ahuja V, Singal D, Goswami P, Tandon RK. The probiotic preparation, VSL#3 induces remission in patients with mild-to-moderately active ulcerative colitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 Nov;7(11):1202-9, 1209.e1. Epub 2009 Jul 22.

Sosan MB, Akingbohungbe AE, Durosinmi MA, Ojo IA. Erythrocyte cholinesterase enzyme activity and hemoglobin values in cacao farmers of southwestern Nigeria as related to insecticide exposure. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2010 Jan-Mar;65(1):27-33.

Spence VA, Kennedy G, Belch JJ, Hill A, Khan F. Low-grade inflammation and arterial wave reflection in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Sci (Lond). 2008 Apr;114(8):561-6.

Spiller R, Garsed K. Postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology. 2009 May;136(6):1979-88. Epub 2009 May 7.

Spiller R, Lam C. An Update on Post-infectious Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Role of Genetics, Immune Activation, Serotonin and Altered Microbiome. J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jul;18(3):258-68. Epub 2012 Jul 10. [Full Text]

Spitzer AR, Broadman M. A retrospective review of the sleep characteristics in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Pain Pract. 2010 Jul-Aug;10(4):294-300. Epub 2010 Mar 2.

Srivastava SY, de Silva AM. Characterization of Borrelia burgdorferi aggregates. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2009 Jun;9(3):323-9. [Full Text]

Stathis A, La Rosa S, Proserpio I, Micello D, Chini C, Pinotti G. Cytomegalovirus infection of endocrine system in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Report of a case. Tumori. 2009 Jan-Feb;95(1):119-22.

Staud R. Autonomic dysfunction in fibromyalgia syndrome: postural orthostatic tachycardia. Curr Rheumatol Rep. 2008 Dec;10(6):463-6.

Staud R. Heart rate variability as a biomarker of fibromyalgia syndrome. Fut Rheumatol. 2008 Oct 1;3(5):475-483. [Full Text]

Steinberg P, McNutt BE, Marshall P, Schenck C, Lurie N, Pheley A, Peterson PK. Double-blind placebo-controlled study of the efficacy of oral terfenadine in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1996 Jan;97(1 Pt 1):119-26.

Stellwagen D, Malenka RC. Synaptic scaling mediated by glial TNF-alpha. Nature. 2006 Apr 20;440(7087):1054-9. Epub 2006 Mar 19.

Sterling JB, Hanke CW. Dioxin toxicity and chloracne in the Ukraine. J Drugs Dermatol. 2005 Mar-Apr;4(2):148-50.

Stewart CC, Cookfair DL, Hovey KM, Wende KE, Bell DS, Warner CL. Predictive immunophenotypes: disease-related profile in chronic fatigue syndrome. Cytometry B Clin Cytom. 2003 May;53(1):26-33.

Stewart JM, Medow MS, Messer ZR, Baugham IL, Terilli C, Ocon AJ. Postural neurocognitive and neuronal activated cerebral blood flow deficits in young chronic fatigue syndrome patients with postural tachycardia syndrome. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012 Mar 1;302(5):H1185-94. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Stewart JM. Chronic fatigue syndrome: comments on deconditioning, blood volume and resulting cardiac function. Clin Sci (Lond). 2009 Oct 19;118(2):121-3.

Stock I, Wiedemann B. Natural antibiotic susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae, K. oxytoca, K. planticola, K. ornithinolytica and K. terrigena strains. J Med Microbiol. 2001 May;50(5):396-406.

Stock I. Natural antibiotic susceptibility of Enterobacter spp., with special reference to Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter intermedius strains. J Chemother. 2002 Oct;14(5):444-60.

Storm DW, Koff SA, Horvath DJ Jr, Li B, Justice SS. In vitro analysis of the bactericidal activity of Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 against pediatric uropathogens. J Urol. 2011 Oct;186(4 Suppl):1678-83. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Strayer DR, Carter WA, Stouch BC, Stevens SR, Bateman L, Cimoch PJ, Lapp CW, Peterson DL; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome AMP-516 Study Group, Mitchell WM. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, clinical trial of the TLR-3 agonist rintatolimod in severe cases of chronic fatigue syndrome. PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e31334. Epub 2012 Mar 14. [Full Text]

Streeten DH, Thomas D, Bell DS. The roles of orthostatic hypotension, orthostatic tachycardia, and subnormal erythrocyte volume in the pathogenesis of the chronic fatigue syndrome. Am J Med Sci. 2000 Jul;320(1):1-8.

Stricker RB, Johnson L. Lyme disease: the next decade. Infect Drug Resist. 2011;4:1-9. Epub 2011 Jan 7. [Full Text]

Stubhaug B, Lie SA, Ursin H, Eriksen HR. Cognitive-behavioural therapy v. mirtazapine for chronic fatigue and neurasthenia: randomised placebo-controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2008 Mar;192(3):217-23.

Sudo N. Role of microbiome in regulating the HPA axis and its relevance to allergy. Chem Immunol Allergy. 2012;98:163-75. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

Suhadolnik RJ, Peterson DL, O’Brien K, Cheney PR, Herst CV, Reichenbach NL, Kon N, Horvath SE, Iacono KT, Adelson ME, De Meirleir K, De Becker P, Charubala R, Pfleiderer W. Biochemical evidence for a novel low molecular weight 2-5A-dependent RNase L in chronic fatigue syndrome. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1997 Jul;17(7):377-85.

Sukocheva OA, Marmion BP, Storm PA, Lockhart M, Turra M, Graves S. Long-term persistence after acute Q fever of non-infective Coxiella burnetii cell components, including antigens. QJM. 2010 Nov;103(11):847-63. Epub 2010 Jul 16.

Sullivan A, Nord CE, Evengård B. Effect of supplement with lactic-acid producing bacteria on fatigue and physical activity in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Nutr J. 2009 Jan 26;8:4. [Full Text]

Sumaya CV. Serologic and virologic epidemiology of Epstein-Barr virus: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome. Rev Infect Dis. 1991 Jan-Feb;13 Suppl 1:S19-25.

Suzuki Y, Kondo K, Matsumoto Y, Zhao BQ, Otsuguro K, Maeda T, Tsukamoto Y, Urano T, Umemura K. Dietary supplementation of fermented soybean, natto, suppresses intimal thickening and modulates the lysis of mural thrombi after endothelial injury in rat femoral artery. Life Sci. 2003 Jul 25;73(10):1289-98.

Swanink CM, Vercoulen JH, Bleijenberg G, Fennis JF, Galama JM, van der Meer JW. Chronic fatigue syndrome: a clinical and laboratory study with a well matched control group. J Intern Med. 1995 May;237(5):499-506.

Swinkels DW, Aalbers N, Elving LD, Bleijenberg G, Swanink CM, van der Meer JW. Primary haemochromatosis: a missed cause of chronic fatigue syndrome? Neth J Med. 2002 Dec;60(11):429-33.

Tabuchi M, Imamura S, Kawakami Z, Ikarashi Y, Kase Y. The blood-brain barrier permeability of 18β-glycyrrhetinic Acid, a major metabolite of glycyrrhizin in glycyrrhiza root, a constituent of the traditional Japanese medicine yokukansan. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2012 Oct;32(7):1139-46. Epub 2012 Apr 10.

Tagliabue C, Techasaensiri C, Torres JP, Katz K, Meek C, Kannan TR, Coalson JJ, Esposito S, Principi N, Leff R, Baseman JB, Hardy RD. <a href="; title="OBJECTIVES: Mycoplas…Efficacy of increasing dosages of clarithromycin for treatment of experimental Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2011 Oct;66(10):2323-9. Epub 2011 Jul 25. [Full Text]

Takeda M, Kawaguchi M, Kumatoriya T, Horiuchi T, Watanabe K, Inoue S, Konishi N, Furuya H. Effects of minocycline on hind-limb motor function and gray and white matter injury after spinal cord ischemia in rats. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Nov 1;36(23):1919-24.

Taki Y, Yokotani K, Yamada S, Shinozuka K, Kubota Y, Watanabe Y, Umegaki K. Ginkgo biloba extract attenuates warfarin-mediated anticoagulation through induction of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes by bilobalide in mice. Phytomedicine. 2012 Jan 15;19(2):177-82. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Tanaka J, Fukuda Y, Shintani S, Hori K, Tomita T, Ohkusa T, Matsumoto T, Miwa H. Influence of antimicrobial treatment for Helicobacter pylori infection on the intestinal microflora in Japanese macaques. J Med Microbiol. 2005 Mar;54(Pt 3):309-14.

Tandeter H, Grynbaum M, Zuili I, Shany S, Shvartzman P. Serum 25-OH vitamin D levels in patients with fibromyalgia. Isr Med Assoc J. 2009 Jun;11(6):339-42.

Tannock GW, Tiong IS, Priest P, Munro K, Taylor C, Richardson A, Schultz M. Testing probiotic strain Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (Mutaflor) for its ability to reduce carriage of multidrug-resistant E. coli by elderly residents in long-term care facilities. J Med Microbiol. 2011 Mar;60(Pt 3):366-70. Epub 2010 Dec 2.

Tarello W. Chronic fatigue syndrome in horses: diagnosis and treatment of 4 cases. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001 Jan;24(1):57-70.

Tarello W. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) in 15 dogs and cats with specific biochemical and microbiological anomalies. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001 Jul;24(3):165-85.

Tarello W. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) associated with Staphylococcus spp. bacteremia, responsive to potassium arsenite 0.5% in a veterinary surgeon and his coworking wife, handling with CFS animal cases. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. 2001 Oct;24(4):233-46.

Tarello W. Immunological anomalies and thrombocytopenia in 117 dogs and cats diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Acta Vet Hung. 2003;51(1):61-72.

Tarello W. Chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome associated with Staphylococcus spp. bacteraemia responsive to thiacetarsamide sodium in eight birds of prey. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2001 May;48(4):267-81.

Tavoni A, Vitali C, Bombardieri S, Pasero G. Evaluation of S-adenosylmethionine in primary fibromyalgia. A double-blind crossover study. Am J Med. 1987 Nov 20;83(5A):107-10.

Tayyebi-Khosroshahi H, Houshyar J, Dehgan-Hesari R, Alikhah H, Vatankhah AM, Safaeian AR, Zonouz NR. Effect of treatment with omega-3 fatty acids on C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor-alfa in hemodialysis patients. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2012 May;23(3):500-6.

Teelucksingh S, Mackie AD, Burt D, McIntyre MA, Brett L, Edwards CR. Potentiation of hydrocortisone activity in skin by glycyrrhetinic acid. Lancet. 1990 May 5;335(8697):1060-3.

Tei C, Orihara FK, Fukudome T. Remarkable efficacy of thermal therapy for Sjögren syndrome. J Cardiol. 2007 May;49(5):217-9.

Teitelbaum JE, Johnson C, St Cyr J. <a href="; title="OBJECTIVES: Fibromya…vement in overall well-being of 30% (p The use of D-ribose in chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2006 Nov;12(9):857-62.

Terra X, Montagut G, Bustos M, Llopiz N, Ardèvol A, Bladé C, Fernández-Larrea J, Pujadas G, Salvadó J, Arola L, Blay M. Grape-seed procyanidins prevent low-grade inflammation by modulating cytokine expression in rats fed a high-fat diet. J Nutr Biochem. 2009 Mar;20(3):210-8. Epub 2008 Jul 7.

Thorn F, Celius H, Odegård T, Mandla R, Hexeberg E. Assessment of efficacy and impact on work productivity and attendance after a mandatory switch to generic second-generation antihistamines: results of a patient survey in Norway. Clin Mol Allergy. 2011 Feb 28;9:5. [Full Text]

Tiihonen K, Ouwehand AC, Rautonen N. Human intestinal microbiota and healthy ageing. Ageing Res Rev. 2010 Apr;9(2):107-16. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

Timmers HJ, Wieling W, Soetekouw PM, Bleijenberg G, Van Der Meer JW, Lenders JW. Hemodynamic and neurohumoral responses to head-up tilt in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Auton Res. 2002 Aug;12(4):273-80.

Tirelli U, Chierichetti F, Tavio M, Simonelli C, Bianchin G, Zanco P, Ferlin G. Brain positron emission tomography (PET) in chronic fatigue syndrome: preliminary data. Am J Med. 1998 Sep 28;105(3A):54S-58S.

Tjellström B, Stenhammar L, Högberg L, Fälth-Magnusson K, Magnusson KE, Midtvedt T, Sundqvist T, Houlston R, Popat S, Norin E. Gut microflora associated characteristics in first-degree relatives of children with celiac disease. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2007 Oct;42(10):1204-8.

Tjellström B, Stenhammar L, Högberg L, Fälth-Magnusson K, Magnusson KE, Midtvedt T, Sundqvist T, Norin E. Gut microflora associated characteristics in children with celiac disease. Am J Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec;100(12):2784-8.

Toklu HZ, Tunali Akbay T, Velioglu-Ogunc A, Ercan F, Gedik N, Keyer-Uysal M, Sener G. Silymarin, the antioxidant component of Silybum marianum, prevents sepsis-induced acute lung and brain injury. J Surg Res. 2008 Apr;145(2):214-22. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Tomasello G, Bellavia M, Palumbo VD, Gioviale MC, Damiani P, Lo Monte AI. From gut microflora imbalance to mycobacteria infection: is there a relationship with chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases? Ann Ital Chir. 2011 Sep-Oct;82(5):361-8.

Tomoda A, Joudoi T, Rabab el-M, Matsumoto T, Park TH, Miike T. Cytokine production and modulation: comparison of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and normal controls. Psychiatry Res. 2005 Mar 30;134(1):101-4.

Tomoda A, Miike T, Yamada E, Honda H, Moroi T, Ogawa M, Ohtani Y, Morishita S. Chronic fatigue syndrome in childhood. Brain Dev. 2000 Jan;22(1):60-4.

Tompkins TA, Hagen KE, Wallace TD, Fillion-Forté V. Safety evaluation of two bacterial strains used in Asian probiotic products. Can J Microbiol. 2008 May;54(5):391-400.

Tompkins TA, Xu X, Ahmarani J. A comprehensive review of post-market clinical studies performed in adults with an Asian probiotic formulation. Benef Microbes. 2010 Mar;1(1):93-106.

Tong H, Song X, Sun X, Sun G, Du F. Immunomodulatory and antitumor activities of grape seed proanthocyanidins. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Nov 9;59(21):11543-7. Epub 2011 Oct 13.

Torpy DJ, Bachmann AW, Gartside M, Grice JE, Harris JM, Clifton P, Easteal S, Jackson RV, Whitworth JA. Association between chronic fatigue syndrome and the corticosteroid-binding globulin gene ALA SER224 polymorphism. Endocr Res. 2004 Aug;30(3):417-29.

Torpy DJ, Ho JT. Corticosteroid-binding globulin gene polymorphisms: clinical implications and links to idiopathic chronic fatigue disorders. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2007 Aug;67(2):161-7. Epub 2007 Jun 4.

Toss H, Gnarpe J, Gnarpe H, Siegbahn A, Lindahl B, Wallentin L. Increased fibrinogen levels are associated with persistent Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in unstable coronary artery disease. Eur Heart J. 1998 Apr;19(4):570-7.

Trebichavsky I, Splichal I, Rada V, Splichalova A. Modulation of natural immunity in the gut by Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917. Nutr Rev. 2010 Aug;68(8):459-64.

Triantafyllou A, Bikineyeva A, Dikalova A, Nazarewicz R, Lerakis S, Dikalov S. Anti-inflammatory activity of Chios mastic gum is associated with inhibition of TNF-alpha induced oxidative stress. Nutr J. 2011 Jun 6;10:64. [Full Text]

Tulley RT, Vaidyanathan J, Wilson JB, Rood JC, Lovejoy JC, Most MM, Volaufova J, Peters JC, Bray GA. Daily intake of multivitamins during long-term intake of olestra in men prevents declines in serum vitamins A and E but not carotenoids. J Nutr. 2005 Jun;135(6):1456-61.

Turgut S, Bor-Kucukatay M, Emmungil G, Atsak P, Turgut G. The effects of low dose aluminum on hemorheological and hematological parameters in rats. Arch Toxicol. 2007 Jan;81(1):11-7. Epub 2006 May 24.

Turková K, Mavrič A, Narat M, Rittich B, Spanová A, Rogelj I, Matijašić BB. Evaluation of Lactobacillus strains for selected probiotic properties. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2012 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Tursi A, Brandimarte G, Papa A, Giglio A, Elisei W, Giorgetti GM, Forti G, Morini S, Hassan C, Pistoia MA, Modeo ME, Rodino’ S, D’Amico T, Sebkova L, Sacca’ N, Di Giulio E, Luzza F, Imeneo M, Larussa T, Di Rosa S, Annese V, Danese S, Gasbarrini A. Treatment of relapsing mild-to-moderate ulcerative colitis with the probiotic VSL#3 as adjunctive to a standard pharmaceutical treatment: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2010 Oct;105(10):2218-27. Epub 2010 Jun 1. [Full Text]

Tütüncü NB, Güvener N, Tütüncü T, Yilmaz M, Güvener M, Böke E, Paşaoğlu I, Erbaş T. Chlamydia pneumonia seropositivity correlates with serum fibrinogen and lipoprotein a levels: any role in atherosclerosis? Endocr J. 2001 Apr;48(2):269-74.

Twisk FN, Maes M. A review on cognitive behavorial therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) in myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) / chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS): CBT/GET is not only ineffective and not evidence-based, but also potentially harmful for many patients with ME/CFS. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2009;30(3):284-99.

Uchakin PN, Parish DC, Dane FC, Uchakina ON, Scheetz AP, Agarwal NK, Smith BE. Fatigue in medical residents leads to reactivation of herpes virus latency. Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2011;2011:571340. Epub 2011 Dec 20. [Full Text]

Ulusoy H, Sarica N, Arslan S, Ozyurt H, Cetin I, Birgul Ozer E, Yildirim N. Serum vitamin D status and bone mineral density in fibromyalgia. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2010;111(11):604-9.

Unternaehrer E, Luers P, Mill J, Dempster E, Meyer AH, Staehli S, Lieb R, Hellhammer DH, Meinlschmidt G. Dynamic changes in DNA methylation of stress-associated genes (OXTR, BDNF ) after acute psychosocial stress. Transl Psychiatry. 2012 Aug 14;2:e150. doi: 10.1038/tp.2012.77. [Full Text]

Vaahtovuo J, Munukka E, Korkeamäki M, Luukkainen R, Toivanen P. Fecal microbiota in early rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 2008 Aug;35(8):1500-5. Epub 2008 Jun 1.

Vaahtovuo J, Toivanen P, Eerola E. Bacterial composition of murine fecal microflora is indigenous and genetically guided. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2003 May 1;44(1):131-6.

Vaarala O. Is the origin of type 1 diabetes in the gut? Immunol Cell Biol. 2012 Mar;90(3):271-6. doi: 10.1038/icb.2011.115. Epub 2012 Jan 31.

Vael C, Verhulst SL, Nelen V, Goossens H, Desager KN. Intestinal microflora and body mass index during the first three years of life: an observational study. Gut Pathog. 2011 May 23;3(1):8. [Full Text]

Valladares R, Sankar D, Li N, Williams E, Lai KK, Abdelgeliel AS, Gonzalez CF, Wasserfall CH, Larkin J, Schatz D, Atkinson MA, Triplett EW, Neu J, Lorca GL. Lactobacillus johnsonii N6.2 mitigates the development of type 1 diabetes in BB-DP rats. PLoS One. 2010 May 6;5(5):e10507. [Full Text]

Van Cauwenbergh D, De Kooning M, Ickmans K, Nijs J. How to exercise people with chronic fatigue syndrome: evidence-based practice guidelines. Eur J Clin Invest. 2012 Oct;42(10):1136-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2012.02701.x. Epub 2012 Jun 23.

Van Gossum A, Dewit O, Louis E, de Hertogh G, Baert F, Fontaine F, DeVos M, Enslen M, Paintin M, Franchimont D. Multicenter randomized-controlled clinical trial of probiotics (Lactobacillus johnsonii, LA1) on early endoscopic recurrence of Crohn’s disease after lleo-caecal resection. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 Feb;13(2):135-42.

Van Laar TA, Lin YH, Miller CL, Karna SL, Chambers JP, Seshu J. Effect of levels of acetate on the mevalonate pathway of Borrelia burgdorferi. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e38171. Epub 2012 May 31. [Full Text]

van Nispen CH, Hoepelman AI, Rozenberg-Arska M, Verhoef J, Purkins L, Willavize SA. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group study of oral trovafloxacin on bowel microflora in healthy male volunteers. Am J Surg. 1998 Dec;176(6A Suppl):27S-31S.

Van Oosterwijck J, Nijs J, Meeus M, Lefever I, Huybrechts L, Lambrecht L, Paul L. Pain inhibition and postexertional malaise in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: an experimental study. J Intern Med. 2010 Sep;268(3):265-78. Epub 2010 Mar 3.

van Rensburg SJ, Potocnik FC, Kiss T, Hugo F, van Zijl P, Mansvelt E, Carstens ME, Theodorou P, Hurly PR, Emsley RA, Taljaard JJ. Serum concentrations of some metals and steroids in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome with reference to neurological and cognitive abnormalities. Brain Res Bull. 2001 May 15;55(2):319-25.

Varley PF, McCarney C, Callan JJ, O’Doherty JV. Effect of dietary mineral level and inulin inclusion on phosphorus, calcium and nitrogen utilisation, intestinal microflora and bone development. J Sci Food Agric. 2010 Nov;90(14):2447-54.

Vassallo CM, Feldman E, Peto T, Castell L, Sharpley AL, Cowen PJ. Decreased tryptophan availability but normal post-synaptic 5-HT2c receptor sensitivity in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychol Med. 2001 May;31(4):585-91.

Vega NM, Allison KR, Khalil AS, Collins JJ. Signaling-mediated bacterial persister formation. Nat Chem Biol. 2012 Mar 18;8(5):431-3. doi: 10.1038/nchembio.915. [Full Text]

Verdú EF, Bercík P, Bergonzelli GE, Huang XX, Blennerhasset P, Rochat F, Fiaux M, Mansourian R, Corthésy-Theulaz I, Collins SM. Lactobacillus paracasei normalizes muscle hypercontractility in a murine model of postinfective gut dysfunction. Gastroenterology. 2004 Sep;127(3):826-37.

Verma SK, Bordia A. <a href="; title="Administration of 50…all in fibrinolytic activity but actually increased it significantly (P Ginger, fat and fibrinolysis. Indian J Med Sci. 2001 Feb;55(2):83-6.

Vermeulen RC, Scholte HR. Exploratory open label, randomized study of acetyl- and propionylcarnitine in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychosom Med. 2004 Mar-Apr;66(2):276-82.

Vhile SG, Kjos NP, Sørum H, Overland M. Feeding Jerusalem artichoke reduced skatole level and changed intestinal microbiota in the gut of entire male pigs. Animal. 2012 May;6(5):807-14.

Virgen-Slane R, Rozovics JM, Fitzgerald KD, Ngo T, Chou W, van der Heden van Noort GJ, Filippov DV, Gershon PD, Semler BL. An RNA virus hijacks an incognito function of a DNA repair enzyme. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Sep 4;109(36):14634-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208096109. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Viscomi MT, D’Amelio M, Cavallucci V, Latini L, Bisicchia E, Nazio F, Fanelli F, Maccarrone M, Moreno S, Cecconi F, Molinari M. Stimulation of autophagy by rapamycin protects neurons from remote degeneration after acute focal brain damage. Autophagy. 2012 Feb 1;8(2):222-35. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Viswanatha Swamy AH, Patil PA. Effect of some clinically used proteolytic enzymes on inflammation in rats. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2008 Jan;70(1):114-7. [Full Text]

Vitseva O, Varghese S, Chakrabarti S, Folts JD, Freedman JE. Grape seed and skin extracts inhibit platelet function and release of reactive oxygen intermediates. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2005 Oct;46(4):445-51.

Vlachojannis JE, Cameron M, Chrubasik S. A systematic review on the sambuci fructus effect and efficacy profiles. Phytother Res. 2010 Jan;24(1):1-8.

Vojdani A, Choppa PC, Tagle C, Andrin R, Samimi B, Lapp CW. Detection of Mycoplasma genus and Mycoplasma fermentans by PCR in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1998 Dec;22(4):355-65.

Vojdani A, Thrasher JD. Cellular and humoral immune abnormalities in Gulf War veterans. Environ Health Perspect. 2004 Jun;112(8):840-6. [Full Text]

Volkmann H, Nørregaard J, Jacobsen S, Danneskiold-Samsøe B, Knoke G, Nehrdich D. Double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study of intravenous S-adenosyl-L-methionine in patients with fibromyalgia. Scand J Rheumatol. 1997;26(3):206-11.

Voronkova KV, Meleshkov MN. Use of Noben (idebenone) in the treatment of dementia and memory impairments without dementia. Neurosci Behav Physiol. 2009 Jun;39(5):501-6.

Wang CY, Kao TC, Lo WH, Yen GC. Glycyrrhizic acid and 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid modulate lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response by suppression of NF-κB through PI3K p110δ and p110γ inhibitions. J Agric Food Chem. 2011 Jul 27;59(14):7726-33. Epub 2011 Jun 24.

Wang Y, Huang Z, Wang L, Meng S, Fan Y, Chen T, Cao J, Jiang R, Wang C. The anti-malarial artemisinin inhibits pro-inflammatory cytokines via the NF-κB canonical signaling pathway in PMA-induced THP-1 monocytes. Int J Mol Med. 2011 Feb;27(2):233-41. doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2010.580. Epub 2010 Dec 14.

Wang Z, Xue Y, Jiao H, Liu Y, Wang P. Doxycycline-mediated protective effect against focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury through the modulation of tight junctions and PKCδ signaling in rats. J Mol Neurosci. 2012 May;47(1):89-100. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Warner AE, Arnspiger SA. Diffuse musculoskeletal pain is not associated with low vitamin D levels or improved by treatment with vitamin D. J Clin Rheumatol. 2008 Feb;14(1):12-6.

Watanabe K, Kawaguchi M, Kitagawa K, Inoue S, Konishi N, Furuya H. Evaluation of the neuroprotective effect of minocycline in a rabbit spinal cord ischemia model. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2012 Dec;26(6):1034-8. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2012.05.003. Epub 2012 Jul 3.

Weaver SA, Janal MN, Aktan N, Ottenweller JE, Natelson BH. Sex differences in plasma prolactin response to tryptophan in chronic fatigue syndrome patients with and without comorbid fibromyalgia. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 May;19(5):951-8. [Full Text]

Webster G, Schiffman JD, Dosanjh AS, Amieva MR, Gans HA, Sectish TC. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction associated with ciprofloxacin administration for tick-borne relapsing fever. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Jun;21(6):571-3.

Wei J, Pan X, Pei Z, Wang W, Qiu W, Shi Z, Xiao G. The beta-lactam antibiotic, ceftriaxone, provides neuroprotective potential via anti-excitotoxicity and anti-inflammation response in a rat model of traumatic brain injury. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Sep;73(3):654-60.

Weiss C, Bierhaus A, Nawroth PP, Bärtsch P. Effects of supplementation with alpha-lipoic acid on exercise-induced activation of coagulation. Metabolism. 2005 Jun;54(6):815-20.

Weng Z, Zhang B, Asadi S, Sismanopoulos N, Butcher A, Fu X, Katsarou-Katsari A, Antoniou C, Theoharides TC. Quercetin is more effective than cromolyn in blocking human mast cell cytokine release and inhibits contact dermatitis and photosensitivity in humans. PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e33805. Epub 2012 Mar 28. [Full Text]

Wensaas KA, Langeland N, Hanevik K, Mørch K, Eide GE, Rortveit G. Irritable bowel syndrome and chronic fatigue 3 years after acute giardiasis: historic cohort study. Gut. 2012 Feb;61(2):214-9. Epub 2011 Sep 12.

Werbach MR. Nutritional strategies for treating chronic fatigue syndrome. Altern Med Rev. 2000 Apr;5(2):93-108.

Weschenfelder J, Sander C, Kluge M, Kirkby KC, Himmerich H. The influence of cytokines on wakefulness regulation: clinical relevance, mechanisms and methodological problems. Psychiatr Danub. 2012 Jun;24(2):112-26.

White AT, Light AR, Hughen RW, Bateman L, Martins TB, Hill HR, Light KC. <a href="; title="Chronic fatigue synd…, and CD40L, and controls decreased in IL-10, CD40L, and TNFalpha (pSeverity of symptom flare after moderate exercise is linked to cytokine activity in chronic fatigue syndrome. Psychophysiology. 2010 Jul 1;47(4):615-24. Epub 2010 Mar 4.

White AT, Light AR, Hughen RW, Vanhaitsma TA, Light KC. Differences in metabolite-detecting, adrenergic, and immune gene expression after moderate exercise in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, patients with multiple sclerosis, and healthy controls. Psychosom Med. 2012 Jan;74(1):46-54. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

White B, Judkins DZ. Clinical Inquiry. Does turmeric relieve inflammatory conditions? J Fam Pract. 2011 Mar;60(3):155-6.

Whorwell PJ, Altringer L, Morel J, Bond Y, Charbonneau D, O’Mahony L, Kiely B, Shanahan F, Quigley EM. Efficacy of an encapsulated probiotic Bifidobacterium infantis 35624 in women with irritable bowel syndrome. Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Jul;101(7):1581-90.

Whorwell PJ. Do probiotics improve symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome? Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2009 Jul;2(4):37-44. [Full Text]

Wiebe E. N of 1 trials. Managing patients with chronic fatigue syndrome: two case reports. Can Fam Physician. 1996 Nov;42:2214-7. [Full Text]

Wiener RC, Zhang R, Shankar A. Elevated serum C-reactive protein and markers of sleep disordered breathing. Int J Vasc Med. 2012;2012:914593. Epub 2012 Feb 19. [Full Text]

Wikner J, Hirsch U, Wetterberg L, Röjdmark S. Fibromyalgia–a syndrome associated with decreased nocturnal melatonin secretion. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1998 Aug;49(2):179-83.

Wildman MJ, Smith EG, Groves J, Beattie JM, Caul EO, Ayres JG. Chronic fatigue following infection by Coxiella burnetii (Q fever): ten-year follow-up of the 1989 UK outbreak cohort. QJM. 2002 Aug;95(8):527-38.

Williams AR, Morris DR. The internal viscosity of the human erythrocyte may determine its lifespan in vivo. Scand J Haematol. 1980 Jan;24(1):57-62.

Willing B, Halfvarson J, Dicksved J, Rosenquist M, Järnerot G, Engstrand L, Tysk C, Jansson JK. Twin studies reveal specific imbalances in the mucosa-associated microbiota of patients with ileal Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2009 May;15(5):653-60.

Winiarska-Mieczan A, Kwiecień M. Evaluation of the mineral composition of breadstuff and frequency its consumption. Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. 2011 Oct-Dec;10(4):487-95.

Wolkerstorfer A, Kurz H, Bachhofner N, Szolar OH. Glycyrrhizin inhibits influenza A virus uptake into the cell. Antiviral Res. 2009 Aug;83(2):171-8. Epub 2009 May 3.

Wong RS, Cheng G, Chan NP, Wong WS, NG MH. Use of cefoperazone still needs a caution for bleeding from induced vitamin K deficiency. Am J Hematol. 2006 Jan;81(1):76.

Wormser GP, Shapiro ED. Implications of gender in chronic Lyme disease. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2009 Jun;18(6):831-4. [Full Text]

Wyller VB, Barbieri R, Saul JP. Blood pressure variability and closed-loop baroreflex assessment in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome during supine rest and orthostatic stress. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011 Mar;111(3):497-507. Epub 2010 Oct 2. [Full Text]

Wyller VB, Evang JA, Godang K, Solhjell KK, Bollerslev J. Hormonal alterations in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome. Acta Paediatr. 2010 May;99(5):770-3. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Xia Y, Chen HQ, Zhang M, Jiang YQ, Hang XM, Qin HL. Effect of Lactobacillus plantarum LP-Onlly on gut flora and colitis in interleukin-10 knockout mice. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011 Feb;26(2):405-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2010.06498.x.

Xu H, He M, He JJ, Yang XF. Role of the surface lipoprotein BBA07 in the enzootic cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi. Infect Immun. 2010 Jul;78(7):2910-8. Epub 2010 Apr 26. [Full Text]

Yadav RS, Chandravanshi LP, Shukla RK, Sankhwar ML, Ansari RW, Shukla PK, Pant AB, Khanna VK. Neuroprotective efficacy of curcumin in arsenic induced cholinergic dysfunctions in rats. Neurotoxicology. 2011 Dec;32(6):760-8. Epub 2011 Aug 2.

Yadav S, Gite S, Nilegaonkar S, Agte V. <a href="; title="Probiotics and prebi…e, ferrous sulphate, quercetin, and oxalic acid significantly inhibited growth of E. coli (P Effect of supplementation of micronutrients and phytochemicals to fructooligosaccharides on growth response of probiotics and E. coli. Biofactors. 2011 Jan-Feb;37(1):58-64. doi: 10.1002/biof.137. Epub 2011 Jan 13.

Yamada K, Hung P, Park TK, Park PJ, Lim BO. A comparison of the immunostimulatory effects of the medicinal herbs Echinacea, Ashwagandha and Brahmi. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Sep 1;137(1):231-5. Epub 2011 May 17.

Yamano T, Iino H, Takada M, Blum S, Rochat F, Fukushima Y. Improvement of the human intestinal flora by ingestion of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii La1. Br J Nutr. 2006 Feb;95(2):303-12.

Yamano T, Tanida M, Niijima A, Maeda K, Okumura N, Fukushima Y, Nagai K. Effects of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus johnsonii strain La1 on autonomic nerves and blood glucose in rats. Life Sci. 2006 Oct 12;79(20):1963-7. Epub 2006 Jun 29.

Yan J, Greer JM, McCombe PA. Prolonged elevation of cytokine levels after human acute ischaemic stroke with evidence of individual variability. J Neuroimmunol. 2012 May 15;246(1-2):78-84. Epub 2012 Mar 16.

Yang CJ, Lee NY, Lin YH, Lee HC, Ko WC, Liao CH, Wu CH, Hsieh CY, Wu PY, Liu WC, Chang YC, Hung CC. Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction after penicillin therapy among patients with syphilis in the era of the hiv infection epidemic: incidence and risk factors. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Oct 15;51(8):976-9.

Yang Y, Yuan Y, Tao Y, Wang W. Effects of vitamin A deficiency on mucosal immunity and response to intestinal infection in rats. Nutrition. 2011 Feb;27(2):227-32. Epub 2010 Apr 3.

Yasuda A, Inoue K, Sanbongi C, Yanagisawa R, Ichinose T, Tanaka M, Yoshikawa T, Takano H. Dietary supplementation with fructooligosaccharides attenuates allergic peritonitis in mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Jun 15;422(4):546-50. Epub 2012 May 9.

Yasuda S, Ohkura N, Suzuki K, Yamasaki M, Nishiyama K, Kobayashi H, Hoshi Y, Kadooka Y, Igoshi K. Effects of highly ripened cheeses on HL-60 human leukemia cells: antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptotic DNA damage. J Dairy Sci. 2010 Apr;93(4):1393-400.

Yeşil A, Senateş E, Bayoğlu IV, Erdem ED, Demirtunç R, Kurdaş Övünç AO. Red cell distribution width: a novel marker of activity in inflammatory bowel disease. Gut Liver. 2011 Dec;5(4):460-7. Epub 2011 Nov 21. [Full Text]

Yoshiuchi K, Farkas J, Natelson BH. Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome have reduced absolute cortical blood flow. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2006 Mar;26(2):83-6.

Younger JW, Zautra AJ, Cummins ET. Effects of naltrexone on pain sensitivity and mood in fibromyalgia: no evidence for endogenous opioid pathophysiology. PLoS One. 2009;4(4):e5180. Epub 2009 Apr 13. [Full Text]

Zeinhom M, Tellez AM, Delcenserie V, El-Kholy AM, El-Shinawy SH, Griffiths MW. Yogurt Containing Bioactive Molecules Produced by Lactobacillus acidophilus La-5 Exerts a Protective Effect against Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in Mice. J Food Prot. 2012 Oct;75(10):1796-805. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-508.

Zeng K, Thompson KE, Yates CR, Miller DD. Synthesis and biological evaluation of quinic acid derivatives as anti-inflammatory agents. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009 Sep 15;19(18):5458-60. Epub 2009 Jul 23.

Zhanel GG, Homenuik K, Nichol K, Noreddin A, Vercaigne L, Embil J, Gin A, Karlowsky JA, Hoban DJ. The glycylcyclines: a comparative review with the tetracyclines. Drugs. 2004;64(1):63-88.

Zhang HY, Liu ZD, Hu CJ, Wang DX, Zhang YB, Li YZ. Up-regulation of TGF-β1 mRNA expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. J Formos Med Assoc. 2011 Nov;110(11):701-4. Epub 2011 Oct 22.

Zhang L, Gough J, Christmas D, Mattey DL, Richards SC, Main J, Enlander D, Honeybourne D, Ayres JG, Nutt DJ, Kerr JR. Microbial infections in eight genomic subtypes of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. J Clin Pathol. 2010 Feb;63(2):156-64. Epub 2009 Dec 2. [Full Text]

Zhang SQ, Wan B, Ma XL, Zheng HM. Worsened MRI findings during the early period of treatment with penicillin in a patient with general paresis. J Neuroimaging. 2008 Oct;18(4):360-3. Epub 2008 Nov 6.

Zhang Y, Han P, Wu N, He B, Lu Y, Li S, Liu Y, Zhao S, Liu L, Li Y. Amelioration of lipid abnormalities by α-lipoic acid through antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Aug;19(8):1647-53. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.121. Epub 2011 May 19.

Zhang Y, Shi H, Wang W, Ke Z, Xu P, Zhong Z, Li X, Wang S. Antithrombotic effect of grape seed proanthocyanidins extract in a rat model of deep vein thrombosis. J Vasc Surg. 2011 Mar;53(3):743-53. Epub 2010 Nov 20.

Zhang Y, Yew WW, Barer MR. Targeting persisters for tuberculosis control. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 May;56(5):2223-30. doi: 10.1128/AAC.06288-11. Epub 2012 Mar 5. [Full Text]

Zheng MS. An experimental study of the anti-HSV-II action of 500 herbal drugs. J Tradit Chin Med. 1989 Jun;9(2):113-6.

Zhou JS, Gill HS. Immunostimulatory probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 do not induce pathological inflammation in mouse model of experimental autoimmune thyroiditis. Int J Food Microbiol. 2005 Aug 15;103(1):97-104.

Zhou JS, Shu Q, Rutherfurd KJ, Prasad J, Birtles MJ, Gopal PK, Gill HS. Safety assessment of potential probiotic lactic acid bacterial strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001, Lb. acidophilus HN017, and Bifidobacterium lactis HN019 in BALB/c mice. Int J Food Microbiol. 2000 May 25;56(1):87-96.

Zhou L, Satoh K, Takahashi K, Watanabe S, Nakamura W, Maki J, Hatano H, Takekawa F, Shimada C, Sakagami H. Re-evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of mastic using activated macrophages. In Vivo. 2009 Jul-Aug;23(4):583-9.

Zhou T, Chen D, Li Q, Sun X, Song Y, Wang C. Curcumin inhibits inflammatory response and bone loss during experimental periodontitis in rats. Acta Odontol Scand. 2012 May 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Zhu C, Xiong Z, Chen X, Peng F, Hu X, Chen Y, Wang Q. Artemisinin attenuates lipopolysaccharide-stimulated proinflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB pathway in microglia cells. PLoS One. 2012;7(4):e35125. Epub 2012 Apr 13. [Full Text]

Ziem G, McTamney J. Profile of patients with chemical injury and sensitivity. Environ Health Perspect. 1997 Mar;105 Suppl 2:417-36. [Full Text]

Zivadinov R, Marr K, Cutter G, Ramanathan M, Benedict RH, Kennedy C, Elfadil M, Yeh AE, Reuther J, Brooks C, Hunt K, Andrews M, Carl E, Dwyer MG, Hojnacki D, Weinstock-Guttman B. Prevalence, sensitivity, and specificity of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in MS. Neurology. 2011 Jul 12;77(2):138-44. Epub 2011 Apr 13.

Zorich NL, Jones MB, Kesler JM, Carter SB, Sutton MA, Bayless T. A randomized, double-blind study of the effect of olestra on disease activity in patients with quiescent inflammatory bowel disease. Olestra in IBD Study Group. Am J Med. 1997 Nov;103(5):389-99.