Quick start to 2 blogs and an analysis site

My primary concern for the last 20 years was been the condition known as Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). I deduced some seven+ years ago that the simplest explanation of the multitude of symptoms and abnormalities reported was a stable microbiome dysfunction. This explanation can also be applied to many other conditions. My focus is still on ME/CFS but I wish to make the data and algorithms available to people with any conditions. My old home page is here (dry technical).

The basic model that is supported by studies is:

  • DNA Snps that results in increased risk
  • Environmental changes of DNA (epigenetics) that further increase risk
  • Microbiome function that acts as a catalyst to the risk.

The microbiome is the simplest to alter technically — but very complex to alter because there are thousands of bacteria that interact with each other in the human body. DNA can also encourage some bacteria and discourage others. Example: Typhoid Mary is an excellent example of some one whose DNA and a nasty bacterial infection co-existed nicely.

Does changing the microbiome work for ME/CFS?

Answer is yes:

Open-label pilot for treatment targeting gut dysbiosis in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: neuropsychological symptoms and sex comparisons , 2018

Recommended Site For Testing

With ME/CFS, there is always a nasty cost factor for testing. My usual recommendation is for the cheapest, high quality provider that provides information for upload to my analysis site. Some sites provide a mountain more of information — but the benefit from that extra information is almost nothing (and it adds $$$$ and complexity).

  • uBiome.com is shutting down. This had been my personal usual site because using a variety of techniques, the cost was $25/sample. Don’t order from there.
  • BiomeSight.com (EU based but serves the world) – discount code “MICRO” has integrated with my analysis site with automatic data transfer. For most people it is likely the best deal.
  • Ombre Labs or Thryve (US Based) is what I have used. Their reports may be processed here for independent suggestions. I would also recommend

Who am I?

I am a citizen-scientist with reasonable scientist credentials: taught Chemistry and Physics at College Level; Master of Science, accepted for the PhD program, certified data scientist with R, one of the top mathematics and physics competition students in Canada during my university years, etc.

I am a closet academic — so I give links to my source of information everywhere and usually keep them to the highest quality sources (PubMed, professional journals). I have even had a letter of mine published in the Lancet.

The Sites

  • This site — over 1200 blog posts published over the last 5 years. This is where I publish most. You can subscribe to get new posts by email.
  • Microbiome Prescription site – started in 2018. This is a massive data store with a variety of artificial intelligence algorithms applied to it. Almost 800 people have uploaded their microbiome results to it and many annotated it with their symptoms.
  • Microbiome Prescription Word Press – started recently. This is intended as a reference to the above site. Just essential pages and a bunch of homemade videos taking you through some features.
  • Facebook Site: Where I usually post new blog entries and the occasional odd note that is not worth a blog post. Make sure that you like it so you get notices of new posts.

Findings to Date

The assumption that bacteria shifts connect to symptoms appears confirmed using the upload microbiomes.

  • We have found statistically significant patterns of some bacteria to symptoms, see this post
  • We appear to have a high probability of correctly predicting symptoms from a microbiome report. See this post.

These findings can be independently confirmed by using the public shared data at: http://lassesen.com/ubiome/

Tools to Help

The Microbiome Prescription site is a theoretical site, that is, it works from the logical application of data and is not based on actual human experience. It does have the ability to create suggestions of things to take and to avoid to try reducing abnormalities in your microbiome. It supports multiple models and algorithms because we do not know which actually works best.

The site states that the suggestions should be reviewed by a medical professional. The source of the information is provided by links (hundreds of articles are cited).

Evolving Story

As more data comes in, and more insight happens, there will be more posts and more features (some labelled experimental — because I am unsure of their accuracy) will be added. This is citizen science.

Video to kickstart using your microbiome use

Overview of this Blog and the Microbiome

My ideas on this blog have evolved, as more and more information becomes available. This post is an attempt to bring readers up to date with my current thinking. I am striving to be transparent in my logic — showing the evidence I am working from, and my thought processes.

Notes to Treating Physicians     Quick Self Start on treating CFS

Analysis of Microbiome/stool with recommendations

Site: has moved to http://microbiomeprescription.azurewebsites.net

The data is available in an online collaborative python workbook for analysis. See this post.

Microbiome Definition of CFS/FM/IBS

A coarse condition that results from:

  • Low or no Lactobacillus, AND/OR
  • Low or no Bifidobacteria , AND/OR
  • Low or no E.Coli , AND/OR
  • A marked increase in number of bacteria genus (as measured by uBiome) to the top range
    • Most of these genus are hostile to/suppress Lactobacillus, Bifidobacteria, E.Coli
    • Several are two or more times higher than normally seen
    • The number of bacteria genus goes very high (using uBiome results), but most of them are low amounts.
      (“Death by a thousand microbiome cuts” and not “Death by a single bacteria blow”)
  • The appearance of rarely seen bacteria genus in uBiome Samples.

A finer definition would be a condition with a significant number of abnormalities in the ‘Autoimmune profiles see this page for the current criteria (i.e. over 25%).

The specific genus and their interactions determine the symptoms seen — likely due to the over- or under-production of metabolites (chemicals). Other autoimmune conditions may share these core shifts. The specific high and low bacteria determine the symptoms if the person was the DNA/SNP associated with the symptoms.

Replace the metabolites produced by the missing bacteria

Replacing the metabolites should result in the reduction of symptoms associated with a deficiency of these metabolites.

See this post for the study references. These items should/could be done continuously.

Other Supplements Reported to Help

Bootstrapping Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus

The items below were found in studies to increase bifidobacterium and lactobacillus:

Unless the bifidobacterium and lactobacillus (B&L) are human sourcedthere is almost zero chance of taking up residency. Taking probiotics will not allow B&L to get established. In fact, there are grounds to believe that most commercial probiotics actually reduce your  native B&L. You want to encourage your native B&L. See this post for citations.

Bootstrapping E.Coli

The E.Coli probiotics below are human sourced and known to take up residency in the human gut.

  • Core: D-Ribose a preferred food that it uses
  • Mutaflor probiotics — E.Coli Nissle 1917
  • Symbioflor 2 — multiple strains

Dealing with the other microbiome shifts

The other microbiome shifts appear to be in different clusters of microbiome shifts. This 2017 paper by Peterson, Klimas, Komaroff, Lipkin (and a stack of other CFS researchers) makes that clear in its title: “Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome”.

The best way at present to proceed is to order an analysis from uBiome. (Disclosure: I have no financial interest in this company.) When your get your results back, log in, click on the “Compare” tab, then go to “Genus,” and click on “ratio” twice, so the results are in descending order.

This is the “hit list” of what you are trying to reduce. DataPunk provides a nice summary of what we know about these. See, for example, Alistipes:

At this point, we run into a logistical challenge.  You want to avoid items that are “Enhanced By” (which is in common across all of the high items) and take the items that are “Inhibited By” (which are not on any of the “Enhanced By” lists).  You may also wish to reduce foods that are high in items listed in “Nutrients/Substrates.”  It becomes a jig-saw puzzle! I have done this exercise for many readers’ uBiome results:

I have discovered that DataPunk is not absolutely current, and have started creating posts based on its data, and then added studies from 2016 and 2017 to the page. Past pages are below, for current list MicrobiomePrescription site.


Src: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4754147/

General Suggestions (no uBiome results)

Some of these items are contraindicated with a few uBiomes that I have reviewed. This likely is why person B reports no results while person A reports improvement. Example: Magnesium is usually very helpful — but there are a few cases where it encourages overgrowth of undesired  bacteria.


Most probiotics do not take up residency. They are “here today, gone tomorrow”. Their primary role in my model is producing natural antibiotics against other bacteria. For example:

Probiotics should be rotated: 2 weeks on a specific one, then several weeks off. As a general rule, you want about  6-12 B CFU taken three times a day (or 2-3 times the recommended dosage) — but work up slowly because you may get be a major herx! In general, do not take Lactobacillus with Bifidobacteria or with E.Coli etc. Keep to one family per cycle. You do not want them to kill off one another!

Why 3x per day? Because almost none of them are detected after 12-24 hrs. So to keep them — and the production of natural antibiotics — going, you need to keep taking them during the day. See this post for citations.

The following probiotics commonly seem to help people with CFS/Lyme/Fibro:

Some probiotics, however, may make your symptoms worse! And, unfortunately, most commercial probiotics contains some of these. At the moment Bifidobacterium animalis, Saccharomyces boulardii and Lactobacillus acidophilus are on my best to totally avoid list.

  • “. The findings show that the six species of Bifidobacterium differed in their ability to relieve constipation. B. longum, B. infantis and B. bifidum were the most effective in relieving constipation, B. adolescentis and B. breve were partially effective and B. animalis was not effective. Furthermore, edible Bifidobacterium treated constipation by increasing the abundance of Lactobacillus and decreasing the abundance of Alistipes, Odoribacter and Clostridium. .” [2017]

On my neutral list (no clear benefit) is Lactobacillus Plantarum.


Some teas can also be antibiotics (among other roles). There are two teas that seem to produce significant results quickly:

Again, rotate and, if practical, change brands too. Their antibiotic compounds are different from different sources.

Herbs and Spices

The best choice needs examination of your microbiome (i.e. uBiome results) and doing the work cited above.  Survey results found:

  1. Neem and Oregano with 80% improving
  2. Olive Leaf and Licorice with 56% improving
  3. Thyme with 50% improving
  4. Wormwood and Tulsi with 33% improving

Other things

If you do not know your microbiome, then see https://cfsremission.com/reader-surveys-of-probiotics-herbs-etc/  for suggestions. Your results will vary because your microbiome vary.

Thick blood is an issue also — but here things gets more complicated and not suitable for this recap.

Antibiotics can have a role — but getting prescriptions for the right ones can be a major challenge.

Metabolism Shifts

From volunteered data, we can identify some distinctive shifts, see Metabolism Explorer Summary

Bottom Line

Working with the microbiome and autoimmune is like working with fragments of the dead sea scrolls. For many bacteria we can identify it — what inhibits or encourages it is not known to modern medical science.  We have extremely thin slices of knowledge –Almonds enhances Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus (B&L)  as do sesame seeds. What about sunflower seeds? Peanuts? Cashews? We find that Walnuts help the bacteria that inhibits B&L — so we cannot safely generalize to “all seeds/nuts are helpful”.

In many cases, we find that healthy diet or supplements demonstrated to work for normal people have the opposite effect on CFS and other altered microbiome conditions. This is made even worst because most of the studies were done on males and most people with CFS are females. We end up having to swim up-stream thru good and valid suggestions — that are just wrong for us.

My model is simple to understand and allows us to filter many suggestions and candidates. With the availability of uBiome testing (without needing a prescription!) we have entered the age of explicit treatment based on your unique microbiome. We do not know the role of many bacteria involved. We do not know what will inhibit or enhanced all of these bacteria. Frustrating little knowledge!

On the flip side, many readers have reported significant improvement, reduction of prescription medication, etc. so the model and suggestions have potential and thus hope of remission! Microbiome studies are exploding on PubMed, a lot of research is being done and we can often borrow their results.

This is an education post to facilitate discussing this approach with your medical professionals. It is not medical advice for the treatment of any medical condition. Always consult with your medical professional before doing any  changes of diet, supplements or activity. Some items cites may interfere with prescription medicines.

Bacteria are very very rarely bad or good

A reader messaged me this

hello I do not want to bother, I have a question in the laboratories of my country, in the microbiota tests they put veillonella as virulent, but in a recent publication of microbiome prescription I saw that it could be a solution, why do the laboratories attribute virulence to it?

My Answer

That is equivalent to saying “Italians are criminals”. Why would someone say that? “Some Italians belong to the Mafia”

Veillonella is a genus of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that are commonly found in the human oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory tract. While some strains of Veillonella can cause infections, particularly in individuals with compromised immune systems, the majority of strains are considered to be non-virulent or opportunistic pathogens. Some studies have suggested that Veillonella may play a role in certain disease states, such as periodontal disease, but more research is needed to fully understand the potential pathogenic mechanisms of this genus.

From https://chat.openai.com/chat

For a lab to creditably state that, the lab would need to identify the specific strain. Veillonella is a genus, composed of many species, each species is composed of many strains. In terms of our Italian allergy, Italians come from many regions of Italy (species), within each regions are many families (strains). There may be some of these families that tend to being Mafia, others may tend to be priests (and eventually Popes).


My attitude is that Yin and yang is a better way of viewing bacteria. Bacteria are out of balance. Too many poor people results in high crime rates (out of desperation), Too many rich people results in low class mobility (the only people that get ahead are their friends, “old school ties”). The “right balance” for a well functioning society varies by country — for example, Iceland versus Haiti. Similarly, your DNA and diet influences what the right balance should be.

This family’s favorite and most effective probiotic is Mutaflor, an Escherichia coli probiotic. All E.Coli is not bad, trying to eliminate all E.Coli is likely a very dumb choice.

Interesting Successful Clinical Trial for Long COVID and ?ME/CFS ?

A reader forwarded me this link,

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Efficacy of Systemic Enzymes and Probiotics in the Resolution of Post-COVID Fatigue

The study concludes:

This study demonstrates that a 14 days supplementation of ImmunoSEB + ProbioSEB CSC3 resolves post-COVID-19 fatigue. The proposed supplement regimen significantly reduces the burden of both, physical and mental fatigue and is effective as an early intervention in the recovery of COVID-19 patients, many of whom continue to experience severe fatigue including muscle weakness and “brain fog” several months after initial infection. 

The substances used are very familiar to readers of my CFS Remission blog. They are:

  • Bacillus coagulans LBSC (DSM 17654)
  • Bacillus subtilis PLSSC (ATCC SD 7280)
  • Bacillus clausii 088AE (MCC 0538)
  • Serratiopeptidase,
  • Bromelain,
  • Amylase,
  • Lysozyme,
  • Peptidase,
  • Catalase,
  • Papain,
  • Glucoamylase
  • Lactoferrin

Some quick notes with citations for new readers:

This points back to the research and demonstration done by Dave Berg at Hemex Labs . “Berg and Joseph Brewer studied coagulation in CFS patients and concluded that approximately 85% of chronic fatigue syndrome patients had hypercoagulation, “[src].

My personal experience with the Hemex approach is good and put me into remission in 2000. Objective measurements showed coagulation in some parts of the coagulation cascade with piracetam and heparin being my favorite cocktail (both taken sublingual).


The study ended at two weeks with no ongoing tracking of patients. My observations of ME/CFS people over several decades has been that short term remission is common with a slow regression back to fatigue. An excellent examples are ME/CFS in Australia doing Fecal Matter Transplants with remission within 48 hours and relapse in 4-8 weeks. Just as some bacteria (bacillus cited above) reduces coagulation, other bacteria triggers coagulation. If those triggering bacteria are not adequately suppressed then the fatigue and brain fog will return over time. Think of a leaking dike, you bring in the pumps and remove the water behind the dike, 3 weeks later the water is back — you need to fix the leak in the dike also.

A reader pointed out that the product is available on Amazon US for $40. So a cheap experiment to try! If you do try it– please add your experience as a comment on this post.

Samples over time of ME/CFS Spouse

This is the spouse of someone with significant ME/CFS. It is well known that bacteria is transferred between people in the same household unit.

This raises all sorts of questions — which I am not interested in exploring… “For better or worse, in sickness and in health”

My wink wink suggestion for microbiome issues has been “Snog a lot of pretty young healthy things as the best probiotic” — my wife does not agree…..

Comparison between Samples

The first step that I did was to verify that all samples used the same reference sticks. This means clicking this for each sample first.

This person has processed FASTQ data thru both BiomeSight and OmbreLabs. I am using OmbreLabs data below. Using reference tables uploaded in 2023.

Lab Read Quality2.
Bacteria Reported By Lab534774721775
Bacteria Over 99%ile10326
Bacteria Over 95%ile58272422
Bacteria Over 90%ile99534450
Bacteria Under 10%ile256848127
Bacteria Under 5%ile13281577
Bacteria Under 1%ile53116
Lab: Thryve
Rarely Seen 1%814912
Rarely Seen 5%43806073
Outside Range from JasonH5577
Outside Range from Medivere13131717
Outside Range from Metagenomics9999
Outside Range from MyBioma7788
Outside Range from Nirvana/CosmosId23231919
Outside Range from XenoGene44444949
Outside Lab Range (+/- 1.96SD)38392622
Outside Box-Plot-Whiskers177202153118
Outside Kaltoft-Moldrup206257203292
Condition Est. Over 99%ile0000
Condition Est. Over 95%ile0000
Condition Est. Over 90%ile0000
Enzymes Over 99%ile1418523
Enzymes Over 95%ile11510559112
Enzymes Over 90%ile212192143320
Enzymes Under 10%ile6310693266
Enzymes Under 5%ile294527141
Enzymes Under 1%ile2208
Compounds Over 99%ile373631119
Compounds Over 95%ile289288275281
Compounds Over 90%ile372381361385
Compounds Under 10%ile288255235298
Compounds Under 5%ile192159136216
Compounds Under 1%ile3714431

General Impression

  • After the first sample, the next two had improvements but the last one went the wrong way.
    • Too high and Too low reduce for 2 samples and then increased
    • Too high or too low for Enzymes were the highest for the last sample
  • Most of the third party ranges were constant for the first two samples and most got worst for the last two samples.
  • Compounds are much less indicative of issues.
  • Special Studies are sensitive to lab quality,
    • 6/8/2022 4-14%, top items: ME/CFS without IBSPoor gut motilityCold Extremities
    • 8/4/2022 5-17%, top items: ME/CFS without IBSPoor gut motility
    • 9/6/2022 4- 18%, top items:  ME/CFS without IBS,  Easily irritated
    • 10/26/2022 7 -22%, top items: General: FatigueME/CFS without IBS

ME/CFS without IBS is a consistent top item and we see that the percentage is increasing.

Proposed Approach

Unlike many samples, we see distinct deterioration in several 3rd party criteria. For many samples, there is no change between samples. We will include those in the consensus, namely:

  • JasonH
  • Medivere
  • MyBioma
  • Xenogene

It is interesting to note that one 3rd part criteria improved: Nirvana. To this, we do our usual:

  • Lab ranges
  • Box-Plot-Whiskers
  • Kaltoft-Moldrup

The net result will be more bias to those in the 3rd party criteria cited above. Another way of stating that, we will emphasis more that which everyone agrees are most concerning.

The top suggestions (easily obtained):

The top avoids are:

The downloads are attached:



Food Suggestions

We mostly eat pastured meats and vegetables. No cereals and little in the way of carbs or even fruit. I used to eat linseed crackers in the USA, but here I eat buckwheat instead. Here in Spain we switched from wild Alaskan salmon, to seasonal, local, small blue fish, like mackerel, sardines, etc. Added Rabbit and can eat a lot more quality raw cured pork, if we want to. I have always enjoyed natural wine and Spain has plenty of it. Fresh made coffee and 100% cocoa. Raw goat, sheep and cow’s milk are also available and I do enjoy them with some regularity.

I used the latest sample with the Kaltoft-Moltrup Normal Ranges. The top suggestions are each because of different nutrients that appear significant with Fiber, total dietary and Magnesium, Mg being a common theme.

On the avoid list we have at the bottom:

Remember, foods are filtered to the nutrients that are above typical levels for foods containing the same nutrients. The goal is to reduce the intake of nutrients that have been identified to shift things in the wrong direction.

For most people, if you say reduce folic acid in your diet — most people will not have a clue. The purpose of the food suggestions is to translate a precise item into common foods.

Note: If a food in your diet is not in the list then we deem it as neutral. For example: there are 24 variety of rabbit in the food database, only one shows up in the suggestions from the sample, Rabbit, meat, raw, Oryctolaguscuniculus, (Nyama ya kalulu), which suggests to keep eating rabbit. Similarly for milk, the two that shows up are Milk with Cow’s blood (from Africa) of 626 entries for milk.

The video below may help understand Food Suggestions better.

Antivirals and ME/CFS: Paxlovid, Tamiflu etc

A reader asked me to look at these and other antivirals for Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome :

“I hope your 2023 is off to a healthy start. I was wondering if you could look into how Paxlovid and similar protease inhibitor-style antivirals impact the microbiome.

I got Covid around Christmas and was prescribed Paxlovid. To my surprise, not only did I immediately feel better Covid symptom-wise, but there were many other positive changes.

My brain fog and fibromyalgia-like symptoms improved quickly and drastically. Unfortunately, these changes did not last very long after finishing my course of Paxlovid.

A similar thing also happened to me years ago when I got influenza A and was prescribed Tamiflu.

Also, anecdotally, from Twitter and Facebook groups around CFS, I know I’m not the only one to have this experience with Paxlovid.

There is also at least one trial underway testing the use of Paxlovid in Long covid patients.

Or perhaps it could also relate to the additional antiparasitic and/or anti-inflammatory actions of some antivirals?

Very curious to get your take and expertise on how this might be microbiome related.”

From a reader

Conceptual Model

It is well documented that virus changes the microbiome (see this list 20+ studies for COVID). A possible reason is that the virus wants to increase substances it needed to reproduce and decrease the substances that inhibits it. This is done by chemical signaling — the virus sends bogus messages to the microbiome.

By reflection, it is likely that antivirals also change the microbiome – possibly by reversing the changes done by the virus. Likely along the same mechanism.

” a viral infection usually results in substantial perturbations in the commensal microbiota, causing dysbiosis in the host, which may in turn further affect viral infectivity.” [2019]

HCV infection alters the gut microbiota, whereas intestinal dysbiosis induces an underlying inflammatory state.” [2023]

For some literature on this – note that this has only become of interest in research very recently:

Past Studies of Antivirals and ME/CFS

I have covered some in some past posts:

Valacyclovir has information available on the microbiome impact. For other antivirals I was not able to find new studies in the ME/CFS context

What was interesting is for a condition that is comorbid, Sjögren’s syndrome

Antiviral Impact on Microbiome

The use of antiretrovirals caused a significant impact on the individuals intestinal microbiota” [2007]

Bottom Line

Antivirals likely have antibiotics like effects on the microbiome. This is documented above. The problem is a lack of studies on which bacteria are impacted. This gives it uncertainty for being effective for any specific individuals.

My wish is that for any long term studies using these for Long COVID or ME/CFS is that microbiome samples be done before after and then 3 months after treatment stops. This would provide concrete information that can be applied at an individual.

My gut feeling is that a single course will not be sufficient for remission. I would suggest following the pattern of rotating and pulsing the antivirals which has helped. This could be combined with appropriate antibiotics. For those not familiar with this pattern:

  • Once a month take a course of antiviral or antibiotics (7-14 days) and then nothing for the rest of the month
  • Next month take a different one

There are several studies showing that this pattern is more effective than continuous. The conceptual model is that you disturb the bad bacteria and give a chance for the good bacteria to attempt a recovery. The survivors of the bad ones slowly regrow, changing antibiotics or antiviral will typically reduce these survivors because the new substance mechanism is different (so the antibiotic-resistance genes that the survivors had, may not work anymore).

More Coming…

“Thanks, Ken! Just saw the posted version. It won’t be perfect, but I do have a sample about a month before I got Covid and have one on the way, which will be sampled about two weeks after finishing Paxlovid. Not sure you’ll be able to glean anything from that specific test, but worth a shot.”

Mast Cell Moderators — non-drugs and suspect bacteria

In discussion with readers, interest in non-drug treatment of mast cell and histamine issues is very high. Trying to get traction with the microbiome has not been successful.On how to use Half-Life, see Half-Life: Not the game but supplements! For Arginine and Glutamine, 100mg of each every hour is suggested.

Dosages: Are the maximum deemed safe by an authority, not recommended dosage

Reflection into the Microbiome

Most of the items above are modifiers on Microbiome Prescription. An interesting experiment is to see which bacteria/taxa are modified in common with the above. Below are the taxa that occurs 6 or 7 times for the above 7 items.

Taxa NameRankImpactTimes Shared
LachnospiraceaefamilyMajor Decrease6
DesulfovibrionaceaefamilyMajor Decrease6
Bacteroides xylanisolvensspeciesDecreases7
Bacteroides caccaespeciesDecreases7
Bacteroides ovatusspeciesDecreases7
Bacteroides uniformisspeciesDecreases7
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicronspeciesDecreases7
Phocaeicola vulgatusspeciesDecreases7

Items that are marked decreases, are likely bacteria you may want to reduce if you have mast cell issues. Faecalibacterium is the one bacteria that you want to increase.

Applying to your microbiome sample

On the [Research Feature] tab. Find this section and click #2

See Video above for the rest of the steps

As always, review your plan with your knowledgeable medical professional before starting. Some substances may be inappropriate for other medical constraints.