Glyphosate aka RoundUp – Safe food list

Readers of my last post expressed angst over trying to figure out what is safe to eat. First some more potential bad news:

  • Studies indicate that Glyphosate is expelled from the body If it is applied in nature we find “The half-life for glyphosate at 25 °C in low-light was 47 days, extending to 267 days in the dark at 25 °C and 315 days in the dark at 31 °C, which is the longest persistence reported for this herbicide.” [2014] This means on a site where it was used, after 5 years (usually required for organic certification) it would be reduced to   0.01% to 3% of prior levels.
  • “GlySH intoxication has a case fatality rate 3.2–29.3%.” [2014]
  • The herbicide glyphosate causes behavioral changes and alterations in dopaminergic markers in male Sprague-Dawley rat. [2015]
  • ” We present evidence from the biomedical research literature of a plausible link among glyphosate, nitrogen dysbiosis and ADHD.” [2015]
  • “Among the suspected toxins surveyed, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, aluminum adjuvants, and the herbicide glyphosate have increasing trends that correlate positively to the rise in autism.” [2014]

In terms of good news,

  • “The apparent elimination half life of glyphosate was 3.1 hours (95% CI 2.7 to 3.6 hours)..” [2010], so given low ingestion of more, your levels will drop. Note the key word “apparent”, this is in reference to circulating levels and if it has been stored in fat or other tissue, we do not know the clearance time.
    • If you look at the prior post on pigs and glyphosate, you would expect it to be zero (if they have not been sprayed with glyphosate immediately before slaughter) — that is not the case, hence we should assume storage in the body which can cause disruption.

The Good Food List for glyphosate reduction

Criteria: food must be 0.2 ppm or less according to EPA list. Here is the list.

African eggplant, Solanum macrocarpon L
Allspice (Pimenta dioica)
Angelica (Angelica archangelica)
Anise (anise seed) (Pimpinella anisum)
Anise, star (Illicium verum)
Annatto (seed)
Apple, Malus domestica Borkh.
Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.)
Apricot, Japanese (Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc.)
Arracacha (Arracacia xanthorrhiza)
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea)
Artichoke, Chinese (Stachys affinis)
Artichoke, globe
Artichoke, Jerusalem (Helianthus tuberosus)
Azarole, Crataegus azarolus L.
Balm (lemon balm) (Melissa officinalis)
Bamboo, shoots
Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
Beet, garden (Beta vulgaris)
Beet, sugar (Beta vulgaris)
Berry and small fruit, group 13-07
Borage (Borago officinalis)
Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)
Broccoli raab (rapini) (Brassica campestris)
Broccoli, Chinese (gai lon) (Brassica alboglabra)
Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)
Burdock, edible (Arctium lappa)
Burnet (Sanguisorba minor)
Bush tomato, Solanum centrale J.M. Black
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea)
Cabbage, Chinese (bok choy) (Brassica chinensis)
Cabbage, Chinese (napa) (Brassica pekinensis)
Cabbage, Chinese mustard (gai choy) (Brassica campestris)
Cacao bean, bean
Camomile (Anthemis nobilis)
Canna, edible (Queensland arrowroot) (Canna indica)
Caper buds (Capparis spinosa)
Capulin (Prunus serotina Ehrh. var. salicifolia (Kunth) Koehne)
Caraway (Carum carvi)
Caraway, black (Nigella sativa)
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
Cassava, bitter and sweet (Manihot esculenta)
Cassia bark (Cinnamomum aromaticum)
Cassia buds (Cinnamomum aromaticum)
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)
Cavalo broccolo (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)
Celeriac (celery root) (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum)
Celery seed (Apicum graveolens)
Chayote (root) (Sechium edule)
Cherry, black (Prunus serotina Ehrh.)
Cherry, Nanking (Prunus tomentosa Thunb.)
Cherry, sweet (Prunus avium (L.) L.)
Cherry, tart (Prunus cerasus L.)
Chervil (dried) (Anthriscus cerefolium)
Chervil, turnip-rooted (Chaerophyllum bulbosum).
Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
Chive (Allium schoenoprasum)
Chive, Chinese (Allium tuberosum)
Chive, Chinese, fresh leaves (Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng)
Chive, fresh leaves (Allium schoenoprasum L.)
Chufa (Cyperus esculentus)
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum)
Clary (Salvia sclarea)
Clove buds (Eugenia caryophyllata)
Cocona, Solanum sessiliflorum Dunal
Collards (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)
Coriander (cilantro or Chinese parsley) (leaf) (Coriandrum sativum)
Coriander (cilantro) (seed) (Coriandrum sativum)
Corn, pop, grain
Costmary (Chrysanthemum balsamita)
Crabapple, Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill., M. prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh.
Culantro (leaf) (Eryngium foetidum)
Culantro (seed) (Eryngium foetidum)
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)
Currant tomato, Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium L
Curry (leaf) (Murraya koenigii)
Custard apple
Dasheen (taro) (Colocasia esculenta)
Date, dried fruit
Daylily, bulb (Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. var. fulva)
Dill (dillweed) (Anethum graveolens)
Dill (seed) (Anethum graveolens)
Eggplant, Solanum melongena L
Elegans hosta (Hosta Sieboldiana (Hook.) Engl)
Fennel (common) (Foeniculum vulgare)
Fennel, Florence (seed) (Foeniculum vulgare Azoricum Group)
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum)
Fritillaria, bulb (Fritillaria L. fritillary)
Fritillaria, leaves (Fritillaria L. fritillary)
Fruit, pome, group 11-10
Fruit, stone, group 12
Galangal, roots
Garden huckleberry, Solanum scabrum Mill
Garlic, bulb (Allium sativum L. var. sativum) (A. sativum Common Garlic Group)
Garlic, great headed, bulb (Allium ampeloprasum L. var. ampeloprasum) (A. ampeloprasum Great Headed Garlic Group)
Garlic, Serpent, bulb (Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon or A. sativum Ophioscorodon Group)
Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
Ginger, white, flower
Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)
Goji berry, Lycium barbarum L
Gourd, buffalo, seed
Governor’s plum
Gow kee, leaves
Grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta)
Groundcherry, Physalis alkekengi L., P. grisea (Waterf.) M. Martinez, P. peruviana L., P. pubescens L
Head lettuce and leaf lettuce, and spinach (Spinacia oleracea)
Herbs subgroup 19A
Hook. & Arn., and C. rufula Sarg.
Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
Jujube, Chinese (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.)
Juniper berry (Juniperus communis)
Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)
Kava, roots
Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)
Kurrat (Allium kurrat Schweinf. Ex. K. Krause or A. ampeloprasum Kurrat Group)
Lady’s leek (Allium cernuum Roth)
Lavender (Lavandula officinalis)
Leek Allium porrum L. (syn: A. ampeloprasum L. var. porrum (L.) J. Gay) (A.ampeloprasum Leek Group)
Leek, wild (Allium tricoccum Aiton)
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)
Leren (Calathea allouia)
Lily, bulb (Lilium spp. (Lilium Leichtlinii var. maximowiczii, Lilium lancifolium))
Loquat, Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.
Lovage (leaf) (Levisticum officinale)
Lovage (seed) (Levisticum officinale)
Mace (Myristica fragrans)
Mamey apple
Marigold (Calendula officinalis)
Marjoram (Origanum spp.) (includes sweet or annual marjoram, wild marjoram or oregano, and pot marjoram)
Martynia, Proboscidea louisianica (Mill.) Thell
Mayhaw, Crataegus aestivalis (Walter) Torr. & A. Gray, C. opaca
Medlar, Mespilus germanica L.
Mioga, flower
Mizuna (Brassica rapa Japonica Group)
Mustard (seed) (Brassica juncea, B. hirta, B. nigra)
Mustard greens (Brassica juncea)
Mustard spinach (Brassica rapa Perviridis Group)
Naranjilla, Solanum quitoense Lam
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus)
Nectarine (Prunuspersica (L.) Batsch var. nucipersica (Suckow) C.K. Schneid)
Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
Okra, Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
Onion, Beltsville bunching (Allium x proliferum (Moench) Schrad.) (syn: Allium fistulosum L. x A. cepa L.)
Onion, bulb (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) (A. cepa Common Onion Group)
Onion, Chinese, bulb (Allium chinense G. Don.) (syn: A. bakeri Regel)
Onion, fresh (Allium fistulosum L. var. caespitosum Makino)
Onion, green (Allium cepa L. var. cepa) (A. cepa Common Onion Group)
Onion, macrostem (Allium macrostemom Bunge)
Onion, pearl (Allium porrum var. sectivum or A. ampeloprasum Pearl Onion Group)
Onion, potato, bulb (Allium cepa L. var. aggregatum G. Don.) (A. cepa Aggregatum Group)
Onion, tree, tops (Allium x proliferum (Moench) Schrad. ex Willd.) (syn: A. cepa var. proliferum (Moench) Regel; A. cepa L. var. bulbiferum L.H. Bailey; A. cepa L. var. viviparum (Metz.) Alef.)
Onion, Welsh, tops (Allium fistulosum L.)
Palm heart
Palm heart, leaves
Palm, oil
Papaya, mountain
Parsley (dried) (Petroselinum crispum)
Parsley, turnip-rooted (Petroselinum crispum var. tuberosum)
Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)
Pea eggplant, Solanum torvum Sw.
Peach (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch var. persica)
Pear, Asian, Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai var. culta (Makino) Nakai
Pear, Pyrus communis L.
Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)
Pepino, Solanum muricatum Aiton
Pepper leaf, fresh leaves
Pepper, bell, Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum, Capsicum spp
Pepper, black (Piper nigrum)
Pepper, nonbell, Capsicum chinese Jacq., C. annuum L. var. annuum, C. frutescens L., C. baccatumL., C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav., Capsicum spp
Pepper, white
Plum (Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica)
Plum, American (Prunus americana Marshall)
Plum, beach (Prunus maritima Marshall)
Plum, Canada (Prunus nigra Aiton)
Plum, cherry (Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.)
Plum, Chickasaw (Prunus angustifolia Marshall)
Plum, Damson (Prunus domestica L. subsp. insititia (L.) C.K. Schneid.)
Plum, Japanese (Prunus salicina Lindl.; P. salicina Lindl. var. salicina)
Plum, Klamath (Prunus subcordata Benth.)
Plum, prune (Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica)
Plumcot (Prunus hybr.)
Poppy (seed) (Papaver somniferum)
Potato (Solanum tuberosum)
Poultry, meat
Pseudocydonia sinensis (Thouin) C.K. Schneid.
Quince, Chinese, Chaenomeles speciosa (Sweet) Nakai,
Quince, Japanese, Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach
Quince, Cydonia oblonga Mill.
Radish (Raphanus sativus)
Radish, oriental (daikon) (Raphanus sativus subvar. longipinnatus)
Rice, grain
Rice, wild, grain
Rose apple
Roselle, Hibiscus sabdariffa L
Rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis)
Rue (Ruta graveolens)
Rutabaga (Brassica campestris var. napobrassica)
Saffron (Crocus sativus)
Sage (Salvia officinalis)
Salsify (oyster plant) (Tragopogon porrifolius).
Salsify, black (Scorzonera hispanica)
Salsify, Spanish (Scolymus hispanicus)
Sapote, black
Sapote, mamey
Sapote, white
Savory, summer and winter (Satureja spp.)
Scarlet eggplant, Solanum aethiopicum L
Shallot, bulb (Allium cepa var. aggregatum G. Don.)
Shallot, fresh leaves (Allium cepa var. aggregatum G. Don.)
Skirret (Sium sisarum)
Sloe (Prunus spinosa L.)
Spanish lime
Star apple
Sugar apple
Sunberry, Solanum retroflexum Dunal
Surinam cherry
Sweet bay (bay leaf) (Laurus nobilis)
Tanier (cocoyam) (Xanthosoma sagittifolium)
Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
Tejocote, Crataegus mexicana DC.
Thyme (Thymus spp.)
Ti, leaves
Ti, roots
Tomatillo, Physalis philadelphica Lam
Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanum lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum
Tree tomato, Solanum betaceum Cav
Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa)
Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia)
Vegetable, bulb, group 3-07
Vegetable, foliage of legume, subgroup 7A, except soybean
Vegetable, fruiting, group 8-10 (except okra)
Vegetable, leafy, brassica, group 5
Vegetable, leafy, except brassica, group 4
Vegetable, leaves of root and tuber, group 2, except sugar beet tops
Vegetables, root and tuber, group 1, except carrot, sweet potato, and sugar beet
Wasabi, roots
Water spinach, tops
Watercress, upland
Wax jambu
Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
Woodruff (Galium odorata)
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)
Yacon, tuber
Yam bean (jicama, manoic pea) (Pachyrhizus spp.)
Yam, true (Dioscorea spp.)

The Dirty Ones

Over 1 ppm. This is based on EPA tolerance of over 1ppm. Some items that have been explicited tested (like Rye) has been omitted.

Almond (Prunus dulcis)
Almond, hulls
Barley (Hordeum spp.)
Barley, bran
Beech nut (Fagus spp.)
Beet, sugar, dried pulp
Beet, sugar, roots
Beet, sugar, tops
Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa)
Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum)
Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
Canola, seed
Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)
Cattle, meat byproducts
Chestnut (Castanea spp.)
Chinquapin (Castanea pumila)
Citrus, dried pulp
Coffee, bean, green
Corn (Zea mays)
Corn, field, grain
Corn, sweet, kernel plus cob with husk removed
Cotton, gin byproducts
Filbert (hazelnut) (Corylus spp.)
Goat, meat byproducts
Grain aspirated fractions
Hickory nut (Carya spp.)
Hog, meat byproducts
Hop, dried cones
Horse, meat byproducts
Macadamia nut (bush nut) (Macadamia spp.)
Nut, pine
Oats (Avena spp.)
Oregano, Mexican, leaves
Pea, dry
Pecan (Carya illinoensis)
Peppermint, tops
Perilla, tops
Popcorn (Zea mays var. everta)
Poultry, meat byproducts
Quinoa, grain
Sheep, meat byproducts
Sorghum (milo) (Sorghum spp.)
Soybean, hulls
Soybean, seed
Spearmint, tops
Stevia, dried leaves
Sugarcane, cane
Sugarcane, molasses
Sweet potato
Tea, dried
Tea, instant
Teff, grain
Teosinte (Euchlaena mexicana)
Triticale (Triticum-Secale hybrids)
Walnut, black and English (Persian) (Juglans spp.)
Wheat (Triticum spp.)