Migraine and Microbiome – Update

My last post found some specific microbiome shifts associated with acid reflux. I thought that it would be good to revisit migraines (since the microbiome is getting more and more studied).  My earlier post from a year ago is here (which includes probiotics suggestions). The amount of material is slim, but will likely increase in the next 2 years.

migraines

 

Helicobacter pylori and the microbiome

Helicobacter pylori is seen in 40% of migraine suffers. This hints that it may be of interest to see what type of shifts is seen with it.

  • “Within Proteobacteria, gamma- and beta-proteobacteria were the most abundant for H. pylori-negative patients, , whilst epsilon-proteobacteria was for H. pylori positive…In the H. pylori-negative patients, there was more relative abundance of Gamaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Bacteroidia and Clostridia classes ” [2016]
  • “In H. pylori-positive patients, with respect to H. pylori-negative subjects, Maldonado-Contreras et al.28 report a higher abundance of Proteobacteria, Spirochetes and Acidobacteria; and a decreased abundance of Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes.”[2015]