A Serotonin SNP in CFS

Another DNA study was published in Oct, 2015 out of Norway which appears to be included in 23 and me results, but the key SNP is not there. It looked at the SLC6A4 gene. This gene is associated with OCD and anxiety  (which could present before CFS). An earlier 2015 study from Finland/India demonstrated that examining multiple SNPs at the same time was reasonable good in predicting people with CFS when some 1-200 SNPs were considered in combination. The study size was way to small to be used in practice.

SNPS

Looking up on 23AndMe

After you logon to 23andMe, click the link below

https://www.23andme.com/you/explorer/gene/?gene_name=SLC6A4

And this should appear:

SLC

“Patients with the SS or SLGgenotype had a significantly lower number of steps per day and also a significantly higher FDI score than patients with the LALG, SLA or LALA genotype when gender was taken into account as a covariate… we found that CFS patients with the 5-HTT SS or SLG genotype had a more pronounced reduction in physical and psychosocial functioning than patients with the 5-HTT LALG, SLA or LALA genotype. This suggests that patients with the 5-HTT SS or SLG genotype have a less favorable 30 weeks outcome than patients with the 5-HTT LALG, SLA or LALA genotype.”

FYI: The LALG, SLA or LALA genotype are associated with medium to high serotonin production [2013].

” In accordance with previous studies of Caucasians or European Americans indicating a general 5-HTT SS or SLG genotype frequency of about 25% [6,10], the same genotype frequency was 26% in the patients and 21% in the controls. Thus, the 5-HTT genotype cannot explain why some individuals develop CFS.”  – IMHO, it is associated with how the body responds to the microbiome shift seen in CFS.

Details

This link should take you directly to the SNP cited (SNP rs25531 A > G),

https://www.23andme.com/you/explorer/snp/?snp_name=rs25531

(A;A) 2.5 short form of 5-HTTLPR. lower levels of serotonin, slightly less happy, benefits from more support
(G;G) 2.1 long form of 5-HTTLPR. less sensitive to pain

It is in the 23andme DNA(Thank you Livewello.com for catching the typo!) —

revised

On Health Rising, it has been reported as “unreliable”   My personality type is a Polly-Anna, which would be consistent with the Genotype.

Recent related Studies

Bottom Line

We cannot use 23andMe results to check our status — however, if prior to CFS, you were prone to OCD or Anxiety, then it is more probable that you have this gene variation.

For 25% of CFS patients, serotonin supplementation my result in improved results (especially with those with OCD or Anxiety prior to CFS).